What's a food chain? It's a system or the order in which animals get energy from the sun through their food.
We can split living things into four main categories:
1) Predator = an animal that hunts and kills other animals to eat. They are also called carnivores.
2) Prey = an animal that is caught and killed by other animals to be eaten.
3) Producer = an organism that makes its own food. Plants are producers as they make their own food.
4) Consumer = an animal that eats plants or other animals. Consumers can not make their own food.
Look at the food chain below.
In the food chain above, the grass is the producer. Grass makes its own food using energy from the sun.
The frog and snail are both consumers. They can't make their own food. The snail has to eat the grass for energy and the frog has to eat the snail.
The predator is the frog because it kills and eats the snail.
The prey is the snail because it is killed and eaten by the frog.
In this activity, you will order food chains and decide if an animal is a producer, the prey, predator or consumer.