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Parts of a Plant 2

In this worksheet, students will answer questions about the different parts of flowering plants and their functions. They will also consider which parts of plants we eat.

'Parts of a Plant 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Plants

Curriculum subtopic:   Functions of Parts of Flowering Plants

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Living things are divided into two groups - plants and animals. Flowering plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes....

Tall tree

  From tall trees....

 

Plant in a pot

....to tiny herbs!

 

Plants are essential for life on Earth, because almost all food chains start with plants. Although there is a huge variety of plants, their structure and the functions of plant parts are the same.

Plants need sunlight to make their own food and, unlike animals, they reproduce by growing seeds. Each part of the plant has a different, but vital function.

Diagram of a plant

So, let's find out what these different plant parts are all about!

When a seed begins to grow (germinate) the root appears first. Choose THREE reasons why the root is important to the plant.

it takes in light

it anchors the plant

it takes up water

it makes food for the plant

it takes in nutrients

Next to grow is the stem. THREE of the following are functions of the stem, which are they?

carries water and minerals from the root to the leaves and flowers

holds the plant upright

helps slugs reach the leaves

carries food from the leaves to all parts of the plant

makes food for the plant

Plants are very special because they make their own food using sun light, water and carbon dioxide.

Which part of the plant carries out photosynthesis (the scientific name for food production in plants)? 

Why do some plants grow coloured flowers? TWO of these answers are correct.

to give to Grandma

to attract pollinating insects

to look pretty

for reproduction (seeds)

to eat

Can you select the TWO missing words from this sentence?

 

To attract pollinating insects, flowers are usually _________ and sometimes have a _______.

colourful

tall

scent

green colour

Seeds are the reproductive part of the plant's life-cycle. Seeds come in all shapes and sizes. Match up these statements.

 

Column A

Column B

apple
hard, brown, hairy shell
wheat seeds (grains)
seeds (pips) in the core
strawberry
rolled and toasted to make breakfast cereal
sweetcorn
ground to make flour
coconut
tiny seeds on the ouside of the fruit

Fruit and vegetables are part of a healthy, balanced diet.  When we eat these foods, which part of the plant are we eating?

Column A

Column B

walnut
seed
cabbage
root
celery
leaf
broccoli
fruit
turnip
flower
peach
stem

Here is a list of plant parts. Put them in the order they grow on the plant to complete the life cycle.

 

leaf    seed    bud    stem    root    flower

 

(Just write the words (no capitals) with a space in between them).

Each part of a flower has an important job to do in the life cycle of the plant.

 

Pollen is produced by the.....

stem

stamen

petal

Pollen from one flower is carried to which sticky part of another flower?

leaf

stalk

stigma

  • Question 1

When a seed begins to grow (germinate) the root appears first. Choose THREE reasons why the root is important to the plant.

CORRECT ANSWER
it anchors the plant
it takes up water
it takes in nutrients
EDDIE SAYS
The root anchors the plant so that it doesn't blow away! Water is essential for growth and that's another important function of the root - to take in water. Nutients in the form of minerals are also absorbed by the roots.
  • Question 2

Next to grow is the stem. THREE of the following are functions of the stem, which are they?

CORRECT ANSWER
carries water and minerals from the root to the leaves and flowers
holds the plant upright
carries food from the leaves to all parts of the plant
EDDIE SAYS
The stem carries water, nutrients and food to all parts of the plant - all carried in tiny tubes that run up the middle of the stem.
  • Question 3

Plants are very special because they make their own food using sun light, water and carbon dioxide.

Which part of the plant carries out photosynthesis (the scientific name for food production in plants)? 

CORRECT ANSWER
leaves
leaf
EDDIE SAYS
Food is made in the leaves from simple chemicals and sunshine - amazing! It is used to build all the other parts of the plant. You'll find out lots about this as you go forward with your science.
  • Question 4

Why do some plants grow coloured flowers? TWO of these answers are correct.

CORRECT ANSWER
to attract pollinating insects
for reproduction (seeds)
EDDIE SAYS
Plants use up a lot of energy growing coloured flowers and they only do it to attract pollinating insects. That's because flowers contain the reproductive parts of the plant and they attract the insects to carry their pollen to other plants of the same type. That's one way in which the seeds are formed. Long story but we'll get there!
  • Question 5

Can you select the TWO missing words from this sentence?

 

To attract pollinating insects, flowers are usually _________ and sometimes have a _______.

CORRECT ANSWER
colourful
scent
EDDIE SAYS
Insects use their senses of sight and smell to find flowers which provide them with a food called nectar. They like nectar and the flowers are brilliantly designed so that, in order to reach the nectar, the insects have to get past the pollen - which they get covered in as a result! Then they take that to other flowers they visit. Just like you walking down the supermarket to get some ice cream, going past all the offers ... and coming out with lots more than just ice cream!
  • Question 6

Seeds are the reproductive part of the plant's life-cycle. Seeds come in all shapes and sizes. Match up these statements.

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

apple
seeds (pips) in the core
wheat seeds (grains)
ground to make flour
strawberry
tiny seeds on the ouside of the f...
sweetcorn
rolled and toasted to make breakf...
coconut
hard, brown, hairy shell
  • Question 7

Fruit and vegetables are part of a healthy, balanced diet.  When we eat these foods, which part of the plant are we eating?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

walnut
seed
cabbage
leaf
celery
stem
broccoli
flower
turnip
root
peach
fruit
  • Question 8

Here is a list of plant parts. Put them in the order they grow on the plant to complete the life cycle.

 

leaf    seed    bud    stem    root    flower

 

(Just write the words (no capitals) with a space in between them).

CORRECT ANSWER
seed root stem leaf bud flower
  • Question 9

Each part of a flower has an important job to do in the life cycle of the plant.

 

Pollen is produced by the.....

CORRECT ANSWER
stamen
EDDIE SAYS
The stamen is the male reproductive part of the flower. It's the part that sticks up inside the flower with something on top that looks a bit like a peanut (called the anther and it's here that the pollen is manufactured).
  • Question 10

Pollen from one flower is carried to which sticky part of another flower?

CORRECT ANSWER
stigma
EDDIE SAYS
The plant's female reproductive parts include the stigma. The stigma is the sticky tip of the female part where, when the pollen sticks here, gets the pollen to grow down inside it to make seeds. Lots of this amazing story to find out yet!
---- OR ----

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