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Seeds

In this worksheet students will look at the importance of seeds to a plant, where they are formed, by what and how they are dispersed.

'Seeds' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Plants

Curriculum subtopic:   Life Cycle of Flowering Plants

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Dandelion-type seed head

 

Seeds are really important to a plant - they are its babies! There are lots and lots of different sorts because there are lots and lots of different plants.

 

The plants produce a FRUIT and the seeds are inside this - like the little pippy seeds in a strawberry.

Starwberry

 

To help the seed to grow into a new plant it is often important for the seed to be taken to a new place to start growing. The seeds are DISPERSED (spread around) by different things, as we'll see.

 

In this worksheet we have lots of different fruits and seeds to look at, so let's get cracking!

Where are seeds found?

in the leaves of a plant

in the fruit of a plant

in the root of a plant

What does the fruit of a plant grow out from?

the flower

the seed

the root

Here are SEVEN  different fruits - how many can you name? Match the numbers with the names.

 

FRUIT 1 FRUIT 2 FRUIT 3 FRUIT 4
 
FRUIT 5 FRUIT 6 FRUIT 7  

 

Column A

Column B

1
plum
2
pepper
3
apple
4
peapod
5
conker
6
tomato
7
acorn

In this question you have to try to match the seeds to the plants/fruits that they are from.

 

 
SEED A   OAK TREE
 
SEED B   DANDELION
 
SEED C   APPLE
 
SEED D   PEACH
   
SEED E   PALM TREE

 

Column A

Column B

seed A
apple
seed B
palm tree
seed C
dandelion
seed D
peach
seed E
oak tree

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

Coconut

COCONUT

blown by the wind

carried by a bird

float on the water

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

DANDELION

eaten by a bird

catch in animals' fur

blown by the wind

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

 

BLACKBERRY

eaten by a bird

catch in animals' fur

blown by the wind

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

BURDOCK (don't worry if you've never heard of it - just LOOK and THINK!)

eaten by a bird

catch in animals' fur

blown by the wind

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

ACORN

float on water

catch in animals' fur

buried by a squirrel

Once the seeds land somewhere new, what conditions do you think they'll need in order to start to sprout (as they begin to grow)?

Tick THREE boxes.

Water

Sunlight

Soil

Warmth

Air

Oxygen

Compost

Darkness

  • Question 1

Where are seeds found?

CORRECT ANSWER
in the fruit of a plant
EDDIE SAYS
Seeds are always found inside the fruit: pips in your apple or tomato, the stone in your cherry or plum. The fruit is used to carry the seed away from the plant so it can grow somewhere different.
  • Question 2

What does the fruit of a plant grow out from?

CORRECT ANSWER
the flower
EDDIE SAYS
Fruits grow from flowers! Once the bees or the wind have POLLINATED it (that's a story you will learn about) the flower dies because there's a fruit growing inside. You can see it with roses (making rose hips) or bean flowers (making beans).
  • Question 3

Here are SEVEN  different fruits - how many can you name? Match the numbers with the names.

 

FRUIT 1 FRUIT 2 FRUIT 3 FRUIT 4
 
FRUIT 5 FRUIT 6 FRUIT 7  

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

1
tomato
2
apple
3
plum
4
pepper
5
conker
6
acorn
7
peapod
EDDIE SAYS
That wasn't too hard .... was it? Some are trickier than others, but when you have the answers there, always do the ones you know first and then you'll be left with just a few to choose from. By the way, did you know that the conker is the fruit of the horse chestnut tree?
  • Question 4

In this question you have to try to match the seeds to the plants/fruits that they are from.

 

 
SEED A   OAK TREE
 
SEED B   DANDELION
 
SEED C   APPLE
 
SEED D   PEACH
   
SEED E   PALM TREE

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

seed A
peach
seed B
oak tree
seed C
dandelion
seed D
palm tree
seed E
apple
EDDIE SAYS
Some of these may be a surprise! You've probably seen the stone in your peach or the pips in your apple. Did you know that the little dandelion parachute seeds come from the yellow dandelion flower? What about coconuts from palm trees and acorns from oak trees? Something new to learn every day!
  • Question 5

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

Coconut

COCONUT

CORRECT ANSWER
float on the water
EDDIE SAYS
Coconut trees drop their large fruits into the water (surrounded by a floatation jacket!) and they can be carried thousands of miles across the ocean - some end up in Scotland!
  • Question 6

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

DANDELION

CORRECT ANSWER
blown by the wind
EDDIE SAYS
Dandelion seeds are carried on those 'clocks' you like to blow - their parachute seeds catch the wind and float for miles on a breezy day. That's why you find dandelions growing almost anywhere!
  • Question 7

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

 

BLACKBERRY

CORRECT ANSWER
eaten by a bird
EDDIE SAYS
Not a phone this time, this blackberry is sweet and juicy (you know it!) and birds love them. They eat the fruit and the little seeds pass right through the bird and out in their droppings, often a long way from the bramble bush they came from.
  • Question 8

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

BURDOCK (don't worry if you've never heard of it - just LOOK and THINK!)

CORRECT ANSWER
catch in animals' fur
EDDIE SAYS
Burdock is one of those fruits that catches on your socks or your dog's fur. It's the same with those little 'sticky willy' fruits. They have tiny hooks which catch in the fur and are carried away. The animal removes them when it grooms and the seed is in a new place - clever!
  • Question 9

Seeds often need to be carried away from the plant which made them, so they can grow somewhere new.

How do you think this seed might be carried to a new place?

 

ACORN

CORRECT ANSWER
buried by a squirrel
EDDIE SAYS
Acorns come from oak trees and are one of the fruits that squirrels collect in the autumn and then bury as a store for the winter. They can remember where they put most of their nuts, but not all of them. So those acorns are already in the ground, ready to grow in the spring.
  • Question 10

Once the seeds land somewhere new, what conditions do you think they'll need in order to start to sprout (as they begin to grow)?

Tick THREE boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
Water
Warmth
Oxygen
EDDIE SAYS
Oo, maybe a tricky one to finish! Seeds need WATER, WARMTH and OXYGEN to start their journey into a plant. Water softens the hard seed coat and starts the transport of food inside the seed and it needs oxygen to get the energy out of that food. Warmth is important to get the process going. In fact they don\'t need soil as such (try sprinkling some cress seeds on some damp kitchen towel and see!) and they won\'t need sunlight until the leaves start to grow.
---- OR ----

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