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Who Eats What in Food Chains? 2

In this worksheet, students will use their knowledge of animal diets to answer questions about simple food chains in familiar habitats.

'Who Eats What in Food Chains? 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Food Chains

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In a habitat, we can show who eats what by using a FOOD CHAIN. Most food chains start with a plant. This is how we write a food chain:

 

LETTUCE

SLUG

BLACKBIRD

 

The arrow in the food chain means is eaten by.

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Slug

 

 

Blackbird


The lettuce is eaten by the slug which is eaten by the blackbird.

 

Right, use that information to help guide you through this worksheet.

The arrow in a food chain shows... 

which direction to go

what a plant or animal eats

what a plant or animal is eaten by

Choose TWO of the plants and / or animals found in rock pools at the seaside which are at the BEGINNING of the food chain. 

mussel

sea anemone

sea lettuce

starfish

red seaweed

In a hedgerow habitat, which TWO plants and / or animals are at the BEGINNING of the food chain? 

cowslip

grass hopper

black berry

hedge sparrow

hedgehog

Iris, different pondweeds and lilies grow in and around ponds.

 

Choose one reason why they are essential to this habitat. 

they look nice

they are food for animals

they eat other animals

The plants and animals below are found in stream and wetland habitats.

A

B

C

D

 

Match them with their correct place in the food chain.

Column A

Column B

A
water fleas
B
kingfisher
C
stickleback
D
microscopic plants

Which one of these food chains best shows who eats what in a woodland habitat? 

blackberry ← mouse ← fox

fox → mouse → blackberry

blackberry → mouse → fox

blackberry - mouse - fox

Rosie and Jade are at the seaside. They are looking at the animals along the seashore. They write this food chain:

 

LIMPET

DOG WHELK

GULL

 

What is missing from the start of their food chain?

cod

seaweed

sea water

Which animal is missing from this food chain?

OAK LEAVES

CATERPILLAR

 

?

 

KESTREL
vulture

earthworm

blue tit

Which animal completes this food chain?

HONEYSUCKLE

 

MOTH

?
rabbit

bat

newt

Meerkats live in a dry desert habitat. Scorpions are part of their diet. When they are hunting, they keep a look-out for hawks which eat meerkats.

 

Use these clues to pick the correct the desert food chain from the choices below.

Meerkat

cactus → scorpion → insect → meerkat → hawk

insect → cactus → meerkat → scorpion → hawk

cactus → insect → scorpion → meerkat → hawk

hawk → meerkat → scorpion → insect → cactus

  • Question 1

The arrow in a food chain shows... 

CORRECT ANSWER
what a plant or animal is eaten by
EDDIE SAYS
The arrow always shows what a plant or animal is eaten by. Think of it like an arrow that shows which way the food is going - the goodness in the lettuce GOES TO the slug and the nutrients in the slug GO TO the blackbird.
  • Question 2

Choose TWO of the plants and / or animals found in rock pools at the seaside which are at the BEGINNING of the food chain. 

CORRECT ANSWER
sea lettuce
red seaweed
EDDIE SAYS
Most food chains start with a plant. Sea lettuce and red seaweed are common plants found in rock pools around our shores.
  • Question 3

In a hedgerow habitat, which TWO plants and / or animals are at the BEGINNING of the food chain? 

CORRECT ANSWER
cowslip
black berry
EDDIE SAYS
Different parts of plants are eaten by the different animals which make their homes in hedgerows. Plants always start off food chains as they are the only organisms (that's living things) which can MAKE food (lots to find out there!).
  • Question 4

Iris, different pondweeds and lilies grow in and around ponds.

 

Choose one reason why they are essential to this habitat. 

CORRECT ANSWER
they are food for animals
EDDIE SAYS
They are all plants and, as such, have the amazing ability to MAKE food using sunlight and some simple chemicals - totally incredible!
  • Question 5

The plants and animals below are found in stream and wetland habitats.

A

B

C

D

 

Match them with their correct place in the food chain.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

A
microscopic plants
B
water fleas
C
stickleback
D
kingfisher
EDDIE SAYS
So, the microscopic plants do the amazing work of making the food that's going to supply the food chain. The water fleas munch on them and are captured and eaten by sticklebacks (they're little fish). So the food made by the plants has been transferred up the food chain to the fish. Finally a kingfisher dives into the water to grab a stickleback and that food energy has reached this bird. Terrific!
  • Question 6

Which one of these food chains best shows who eats what in a woodland habitat? 

CORRECT ANSWER
blackberry → mouse → fox
EDDIE SAYS
Most food chains start with a plant, in this case the blackberry. Mice eat the fruit and foxes eat the mice. Be careful with those arrows! They mean 'is eaten by' and always go from the food to what is eating it (think "goes to").
  • Question 7

Rosie and Jade are at the seaside. They are looking at the animals along the seashore. They write this food chain:

 

LIMPET

DOG WHELK

GULL

 

What is missing from the start of their food chain?

CORRECT ANSWER
seaweed
EDDIE SAYS
Limpets feed on seaweed and are eaten by dog whelks, which are eaten by seagulls when the tide goes out. You cannot have a food chain without a plant as there wouldn't be any food energy to pass along the chain. Plants really are amazing as we wouldn't be here without them: no food, no oxygen. Wow!
  • Question 8

Which animal is missing from this food chain?

OAK LEAVES

CATERPILLAR

 

?

 

KESTREL
CORRECT ANSWER
blue tit
EDDIE SAYS
So, what in the list is going to munch caterpillars? That'd be the blue tit- a little bird. If you have a bird feeder outside your house I'll bet that blue tits are regular visitors.
  • Question 9

Which animal completes this food chain?

HONEYSUCKLE

 

MOTH

?
CORRECT ANSWER
bat
EDDIE SAYS
Honeysuckle flowers are 'smelly' in the evenings to attract night-flying moths which drink the nectar. Bats hunt for moths in the dark using echo-location! Clever!
  • Question 10

Meerkats live in a dry desert habitat. Scorpions are part of their diet. When they are hunting, they keep a look-out for hawks which eat meerkats.

 

Use these clues to pick the correct the desert food chain from the choices below.

Meerkat

CORRECT ANSWER
cactus → insect → scorpion → meerkat → hawk
EDDIE SAYS
Here is the food chain: cactus → insect → scorpion → meerkat → hawk. The cactus makes food energy using sunlight, the insects feed on them. The scorpion captures insects to eat and, amazingly, meerkats hunt scorpions. Finally, an unlucky meerkat, that hasn't been warned by its fellow meerkats, may be grabbed by a hawk and taken to its nest to feed its young.
---- OR ----

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