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Know Your Food Chains 2

In this worksheet, students will test their knowledge of the science vocabulary used to describe the organisms which make-up food chains.

'Know Your Food Chains 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Food Chains

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Here are some of the words that you'll become familiar with as we work on food chains:

 

PRODUCERS

Plant in pot

Using the sun's energy, green plants make their own food = they PRODUCE food.

 

CONSUMERS

Mouse

Animals which eat plants and other animals are consumers = they CONSUME food.

 

HERBIVORES

Cow

Some consumers only eat plants. These are herbivores.

 

CARNIVORES

Snake

Consumers that eat other animals are called carnivores.

 

OMNIVORES

Fox

Some consumers eat plants and other living things. Animals with a 'mixed' diet are omnivores.

 

OK, now we've got that sorted, let's put it into practise...

In a food chain, plants are... 

producers

prickly

products

Which THREE of these are made by producers? 

fruits

seeds

eggs

leaves

milk

Organisms which do not make their own food, but eat plants and/or other animals are called... 

consumers

conductors

constrictors

The first consumer in a food chain is called the... 

Snail

primary consumer

secondary consumer

tertiary consumer

Animals that hunt, kill and eat other animals are called...

Lion

prey

primary

predators

Any animal eaten by another animal is called the...

herbivore

prey

pest

Which one of these best describes a top carnivore?

 

an animal not eaten by other living things

a tiger

a crocodile

Which THREE of these animals are herbivores?

sheep

elephant

fox

dolphin

rabbit

Which type of consumer are these animals?

Chimpanzee Hen

 

carnivores

omnivores

herbivores

Which TWO of the following words can be used to describe these animals?

Shark Orca

 

omnivore

top carnivore

fish

producer

consumer

  • Question 1

In a food chain, plants are... 

CORRECT ANSWER
producers
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, plants are PRODUCERS because they have an amazing ability to PRODUCE food. And guess what? All they need to make food for all of us is a gas from the air, some water and a dash of sunshine. Totally incredible!
  • Question 2

Which THREE of these are made by producers? 

CORRECT ANSWER
fruits
seeds
leaves
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, if it's part of a plant or made by a plant then it's been made by a producer. Many animals have evolved to eat a variety of plant parts - all plants are producers.
  • Question 3

Organisms which do not make their own food, but eat plants and/or other animals are called... 

CORRECT ANSWER
consumers
EDDIE SAYS
That's right - consumers are things that consume (eat) food. Plant consumers, like caterpillars, are herbivores while meat-consumers, like spiders, are carnivores. Some consumers, like badgers, enjoy a mixed diet containing plant and animal material, so they're known as omivores (omni = all, vore= eat, i.e. "eat-all" - 's'easy really!)
  • Question 4

The first consumer in a food chain is called the... 

Snail

CORRECT ANSWER
primary consumer
EDDIE SAYS
It's like schools: primary school is where you start (after nursery, etc.) and then you move up to secondary school. So the first consumer in the food chain (which will always be a herbivore) is the PRIMARY (= first) consumer.
  • Question 5

Animals that hunt, kill and eat other animals are called...

Lion

CORRECT ANSWER
predators
EDDIE SAYS
Predators are carnivores that actually hunt and kill their prey. If you see a magpie eating the remains of a dead animal on the road, the magpie is being a carnivore but not a predator. It didn't kill the animal, so it's scavenging on it. A dragonfly catching a mayfly over a pond is being a predator.
  • Question 6

Any animal eaten by another animal is called the...

CORRECT ANSWER
prey
EDDIE SAYS
Predator and prey - that's a combination you'll hear a lot about. The predator we met in the last question is the animal doing the catching and killing whilst the prey is the animal that is caught and eaten. It's all about energy being transferred: the energy in the minnow (prey) is transferred to the kingfisher (predator) when the bird catches and eats the fish.
  • Question 7

Which one of these best describes a top carnivore?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
an animal not eaten by other living things
EDDIE SAYS
Note that word "describes" in the question. You'll learn to tell the difference between words used in questions, things like "describe" or "explain" or "give an example of....". They help you to know what you have to do. The description of a top predator is to do with the fact that it is a hunter that does not get hunted itself. That means that tigers and crocodiles are examples of top carnivores. Make sense?
  • Question 8

Which THREE of these animals are herbivores?

CORRECT ANSWER
sheep
elephant
rabbit
EDDIE SAYS
Herbivores come in all shapes and sizes but one of the things they have in common is that ... they are plant-eaters. The ones in this list are all mammals (which are vertebrates), but herbivores can be animals without backbones as well, of course. So here we have grass-eaters in the list but a caterpillar is a leaf-eating insect and a pond snail is a pondweed-eating mollusc - both herbivores too. It's all to do with eating plants. Yes?
  • Question 9

Which type of consumer are these animals?

Chimpanzee Hen

 

CORRECT ANSWER
omnivores
EDDIE SAYS
That might surprise you! Chimpanzees are especially fond of fruits and different leaves but they are known to catch and kill other animals, like colobus monkeys. Meanwhile, whilst you might expect hens to eat seeds exclusively, they love scratching around in the ground, hoping to find a bug or too to supplement their diet. That means that they are both OMNIVORES.
  • Question 10

Which TWO of the following words can be used to describe these animals?

Shark Orca

 

CORRECT ANSWER
top carnivore
consumer
EDDIE SAYS
Sharks are fish, killer whales are mammals. Both species are top carnivores which consume other living things and nothing catches and kills them. Hope that makes sense.
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