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Differences and Similarities

In this worksheet, students will use their knowledge of plants and animals to decide what is true about them.

'Differences and Similarities' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Living Things and Their Habitats

Curriculum subtopic:  Grouping

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

We share the Earth with lots and lots of different plants and animals. As we grow we learn to tell plants from animals and then animals from different sorts of animals. How do we do that? We use their features, or something about the way they move or where they live.

 

In this worksheet there are questions that challenge you to decide exactly that - how we tell one living thing from another.

How are plants different from animals?

they don't move fast

they don't need water

they aren't alive

What is true about all birds?

they fly

they have feathers

they eat worms

What makes fish different to birds?

they have two eyes

they can breathe under water

they have a skeleton

In what way is a whale like a fish?

it is covered in scales

it lays eggs

it lives in water

What makes humans different from other animals?

they walk upright

they have two legs

they have hair

How is a dog like a mouse?

it barks

it eats meat

it has fur

How is a spider different from a fly?

it is small

it has 8 legs

it has eyes

How is a snake similar to a fish?

they both live in water

they both wriggle

they both have a scaly skin

How is a caterpillar different to a worm?

it is smaller

it is a bright colour

it has legs

How is an eagle like a penguin?

they are both black and white

they both live in the Antarctic

they both have feathers

  • Question 1

How are plants different from animals?

CORRECT ANSWER
they don't move fast
EDDIE SAYS
Plants are very much alive and they are mostly made of water, so the answer must be that they don't move fast. That's pretty much true - even fast-growing brambles would look really slow if you sat and watched them. However, some do move fast - like the 'snap' when a Venus flytrap catches an insect!
  • Question 2

What is true about all birds?

CORRECT ANSWER
they have feathers
EDDIE SAYS
Most birds can fly but many cannot, like ostrich, penguin, kiwi. Some eat worms but certainly not all, but they do all have feathers - that is what makes a bird, a bird!
  • Question 3

What makes fish different to birds?

CORRECT ANSWER
they can breathe under water
EDDIE SAYS
Both birds and fish generally have two eyes, so that can't be it and they both have a skeleton inside them. So the answer is that fish can breathe under water and birds cannot. Diving birds, like penguins, still have to come to the surface to breathe.
  • Question 4

In what way is a whale like a fish?

CORRECT ANSWER
it lives in water
EDDIE SAYS
Whales have smooth skin whereas fish have scales. Fish lay eggs but baby whales are born alive. However, both fish and whales live in water, although whales have to come to the surface to breathe.
  • Question 5

What makes humans different from other animals?

CORRECT ANSWER
they walk upright
EDDIE SAYS
Most mammals have some sort of hair or fur, so that can't be it. While many animals have four legs, quite a lot use two - monkeys for example. But only humans just walk upright - some animals can do that (maybe even your dog) but only humans are designed to do so.
  • Question 6

How is a dog like a mouse?

CORRECT ANSWER
it has fur
EDDIE SAYS
Both dogs and mice are furry animals - they are called mammals. Their fur is important in keeping their bodies warm.
  • Question 7

How is a spider different from a fly?

CORRECT ANSWER
it has 8 legs
EDDIE SAYS
Both are pretty small (compared to you!) and both have eyes, although they are different sorts. However, the fly is an insect and so has 6 legs. Spiders have 8 legs which is one of the reasons that people don't like them - as they scuttle across the floor on those 8 legs!
  • Question 8

How is a snake similar to a fish?

CORRECT ANSWER
they both have a scaly skin
EDDIE SAYS
Some snakes do live in water, but most don't and while snakes can be pretty wriggly most fish aren't. However, they both have a scaly skin. A fish's scales are separate to each other while a snake's scales are more part of its skin, except underneath where their scales help them to move along the ground.
  • Question 9

How is a caterpillar different to a worm?

CORRECT ANSWER
it has legs
EDDIE SAYS
Some worms are tiny, some caterpillars are pretty big - so that's not right. Bright colour sounds right until you've seen a bright red worm! In fact it's legs - worms never have legs and since caterpillars are insects they have six stumpy little legs!
  • Question 10

How is an eagle like a penguin?

CORRECT ANSWER
they both have feathers
EDDIE SAYS
Some eagles are black and white, but most aren't and no eagles live in the Antarctic. However, both eagles and penguins are birds, so they both have feathers, although penguin feathers are small compared to an eagle's.
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