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Earth, Sun and Moon 2

In this worksheet, students will answer questions about the movement of the Earth and the moon.

'Earth, Sun and Moon 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Earth and Space

Curriculum subtopic:  Movement of Earth and the Planets

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The bit of the solar system with the Earth in it is like this.....

 

The Earth and the moon orbit the sun. The moon orbits the Earth.

 

 

Earth and moon

 

Scientists understand the movement of the Earth and moon in space because of the effects that spinning and orbiting have here on Earth. For example: day and night and the seasons.

 

Without the heat and light from our nearest star, the sun, there would not be life on Earth as we know it.

 

sun

 

Let's have a closer look at the relationship between our star, the Sun, our planet Earth and our nearest satellite: the moon.

Below are five statements.

 

Which TWO of these statements are true?

The Earth orbits the sun.

The moon orbits the sun.

The moon orbits the Earth.

The sun orbits the Earth.

The sun orbits the moon.

People believed that the sun moved across the sky during the day.

 

We now know that...

The sun spins but the Earth does not.

The sun APPEARS to move because the Earth spins.

At night the moon blocks out the sun.

This is the Egyptian sun god, Ra:

 

Egyptian sun god

 

The Ancient Egyptians tried to explain day and night.

 

What do you think they might have believed happened to the sun at night-time?

went out

travelled through the underworld

went to bed

When it's daytime here, in Australia it's...

night-time

daytime

winter

Which TWO of these explains why we see stars in the night sky.

Stars only come out at night.

We are facing out to space.

The light from the stars travels to Earth.

you can only see stars from the northern hemisphere

Which TWO statements are true about the moon?

It spins on its axis.

It orbits the Earth.

It does not rotate.

It stays in the same place.

Some questions are hard to investigate, so scientists gather EVIDENCE, just like detectives.

 

Scientist

 

Which THREE pieces of EVIDENCE do we have that the Earth is a SPHERE?

When ships sail away, the bottom half (hull) disappears first.

The sun sets.

Ships can sail all the way around the Earth.

We have photographs taken from space.

There is no evidence - the world is flat!

The Earth looks blue from space because of the...

sky

land

oceans

ice

The sun is a...

a cylinder of burning gases

a ball of burning gases

a ball of ice

a ball of rock

The line at which the land and Earth appear to meet is called the...

 

Horizon

horizontal

horizon

horoscope

  • Question 1

Below are five statements.

 

Which TWO of these statements are true?

CORRECT ANSWER
The Earth orbits the sun.
The moon orbits the Earth.
EDDIE SAYS
The moon orbits the Earth, which orbits the sun. That might feel like the moon is orbiting the sun, since the Earth is, but the centre of the moon's orbit is the Earth. OK?
  • Question 2

People believed that the sun moved across the sky during the day.

 

We now know that...

CORRECT ANSWER
The sun APPEARS to move because the Earth spins.
EDDIE SAYS
You can understand why people used to believe the sun moved across the sky. In fact, the sun appears to move across the sky because the Earth spins, or ROTATES in space. The sun does spin, because it's a big ball of gas!
  • Question 3

This is the Egyptian sun god, Ra:

 

Egyptian sun god

 

The Ancient Egyptians tried to explain day and night.

 

What do you think they might have believed happened to the sun at night-time?

CORRECT ANSWER
travelled through the underworld
EDDIE SAYS
The ancient Egyptians were very clever scientists. However, they believed that the sun moved across the sky and then travelled through the underworld until dawn. Now we know differently!
  • Question 4

When it's daytime here, in Australia it's...

CORRECT ANSWER
night-time
EDDIE SAYS
When our side of the Earth is lit by the sun, Australia is in darkness because it's on the OPPOSITE side of the planet. That means it's in the shadow of this side of the Earth - the sun's light is blocked by the other side of the planet.
  • Question 5

Which TWO of these explains why we see stars in the night sky.

CORRECT ANSWER
We are facing out to space.
The light from the stars travels to Earth.
EDDIE SAYS
The stars are always there, but we can only see them at night. During the day, the bright light from the sun means that we can no longer see the dim light from the stars. In fact, in our modern world, there is so much 'light pollution' from our cities that many people seek special 'dark skies' areas deep in the countryside, far from civilsation, in order to get a really good look at the stars.
  • Question 6

Which TWO statements are true about the moon?

CORRECT ANSWER
It spins on its axis.
It orbits the Earth.
EDDIE SAYS
The moon rotates and orbits the Earth. In fact, amazingly, it rotates at the same speed at the Earth which means that we can only ever see the same side of the moon - the 'dark side' is always out of our sight.
  • Question 7

Some questions are hard to investigate, so scientists gather EVIDENCE, just like detectives.

 

Scientist

 

Which THREE pieces of EVIDENCE do we have that the Earth is a SPHERE?

CORRECT ANSWER
When ships sail away, the bottom half (hull) disappears first.
Ships can sail all the way around the Earth.
We have photographs taken from space.
EDDIE SAYS
Ships sailing away tell us a surprising amount about the Earth. In ancient times, sailors were frightened to sail far from land as they believed they'd fall off the edge of the Earth! We now know that that isn't true and that they can sail around the Earth which, of course, we've seen from space, and so know it's round. The sun sets, but that's because the Earth is spinning. By the way, there is still a Flat Earth Society!
  • Question 8

The Earth looks blue from space because of the...

CORRECT ANSWER
oceans
EDDIE SAYS
The oceans give the Earth its blue colour because they cover a large part of the Earth's surface. Because of the way that water absorbs light, the oceans look a beautiful blue. So, if Mars is the red planet, Earth is the blue planet!
  • Question 9

The sun is a...

CORRECT ANSWER
a ball of burning gases
EDDIE SAYS
Our sun is a star, just like the other distant stars you can see in the night sky. It's a ball of burning gases - one giant nuclear explosion - and it's only about halfway through it's life as a star. Thank goodness!
  • Question 10

The line at which the land and Earth appear to meet is called the...

 

Horizon

CORRECT ANSWER
horizon
EDDIE SAYS
Because the Earth is a sphere, the curve of the Earth's surface seems to meet the sky. We call this the horizon.
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