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Science SATs Practice: Biology Level 2

In this worksheet, students will be able to complete a full SATs-style practice paper, timed to 30 minutes, to help them assess how prepared they are for the SATs sampling tests.

'Science SATs Practice: Biology Level 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   SATs Practice Papers

Curriculum subtopic:   Biology Practice Papers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

This is a practice science (Biology) test in the style of a Key Stage 2 National Test.


 

In the real Key Stage 2 National Test, you will write your answers in a special test booklet, in spaces provided.


 

At EdPlace you will use the computer to enter your answers and you can use a pencil and paper to make jottings if needed.


 

This paper includes a variety of biology based questions from the Key Stage 2 programme of study.


 

For each question, you will be given instructions about how to answer. 

Some questions may need an answer to be typed.

Others may need you to match words or phrases, select text or choose correct answers.


 

There are 22 questions in the test. 

The test is timed and the timer is set for 30 minutes.

You should aim for just over 1 minute per question.


 

Don't worry if you don't finish in this time, you can carry on working after the timer has run out. 

All questions are worth 1 mark.

All questions are automatically marked.


 

You may find some of the questions difficult.

If you are struggling to answer a question, do not waste time on it, but move onto the next question.


 

Disclaimer:

We have no affiliation to the Standards and Testing Agency (STA) and these questions represent our own unique content developed by EdPlace Key Stage 2 Science authors.

None of the content displayed here has been supplied by the STA or any other third party suppliers.

Here is a picture of the internal bones of the human body:

 

Skeleton

 

This is known as your...

Skeleton

 

This arrangement of bones is important to us in many ways.

It gives our body support

It makes sure we're the right shape

It means we don't have to shed our skin

It protects certain organs

Some of the bones in limbs like arms and legs are attached in such a way that the limb is able to move.

 

It gives our body support

It makes sure we're the right shape

It means we don't have to shed our skin

It protects certain organs

Here is a picture of an arm holding a weight:

 

Arm holding weight

 

The weight can be moved when the forearm bends at the elbow.

 

In terms of forces, the elbow is acting as a ...

Lever

Pivot

Force

Weight

The muscles which act to move the forearm with the weight on are called the biceps (A in the diagram) and the triceps (B in the diagram).

 

Arm muscles

 

Fill in the chart to show what each muscle does to lift the weight up.

 ContractsRelaxes
Biceps
Triceps

Georgia has found an animal living in the leaf litter in a wood.  She wants to identify it.

 

It seems to have a hard outer covering, called an exoskeleton.

 

The animal is probably...

An Arthropod

A Mollusc

A Jellyfish

A Mammal

Georgia counts its legs.  There are six.

 

The animal is most probably...

A Spider

A Crab

An Insect

A Millipede

Georgia notices that the animal she has found not only has an exoskeleton and six legs, it also has hard, shiny wing cases.

 

Use this key to decide what it is:

 

#8740 q8

Beetle

Ant

Spider

Another arthropod

Here is a list of body organs:

 

TONGUE

OESOPHAGUS (ESOPHAGUS)

INTESTINE

ANUS

 

These organs are all concerned with...

Circulation

Waste Removal

Digestion

Breathing

Foods are processed differently by certain areas of the body.

 

Match the body organ with its processing job.

Column A

Column B

Teeth
Acids added to break down food
Stomach
Mashing up food
Small intestine
Water removed from the remains of food
Large intestine
Useful nutrients absorbed into the blood

The foods we eat contain the nutrients we need to live and to stay healthy.

 

Use this chart to show how the different nutrients are important to us.

 CarbohydratesProteinsFatsWaterVitamins & Minerals
Building and repairing our bodies
Everyday energy needs
Energy storage
Healthy bodies
Used in blood/urine/etc.

Which of the following foods would be a good source of Vitamin C?

Bacon

Milk

Oranges

Bread

Broccoli

Coca cola

Biscuits

James has been watching a thrush's nest in a tree outside his bedroom window.

 

Thrush

 

He has kept a log of his observations.

 

#8740 q13

 

Which of the following are true of all animals?

Sing

Reproduce

Grow

Lay eggs

Fly

Feed

Here is James's log again:

 

#8740 q13

 

Which of the following observations from his log provide evidence for the reasons that chicks grow?

"Two eggs have hatched"

"All eggs hatched"

"Chicks fed with worms and slugs"

"Chicks have left the nest"

James has been using the RSPB* website to find out information about birds' eggs.

 

BIRD EGGS SIZE/mm HATCHING TIME (INCUBATION)/days
Blue Tit Blue tit egg 15 x 12 10
Thrush Thrush egg 29 x 21 14
Crow Pigeon egg 40 x 30 20
Pheasant Pheasant egg 46 x 36 24

 

Use in the information in the table to make a conclusion.

 

*(Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)

"Two eggs have hatched"

"All eggs hatched"

"Chicks fed with worms and slugs"

"Chicks have left the nest"

Which of the following features demonstrate that a penguin is a bird?

 

Penguin

It has feathers

It lays eggs

It eats fish

It has wings

Barn owl

 

A barn owl is a bird which is adapted to hunting for small prey, like mice, at night.

 

Kestrel

 

A kestrel is a small bird of prey which also hunts small animals, but hunts by day.

 

Use the chart to match the correct adaptations to each bird (two for each one).

 Barn OwlKestrel
Soft feathers for silent flight
Sharp eyes to locate prey
Pointed wings for hovering and fast flight
Sensitive ears to hear rustling

Here is the end of a tree that has been cut down:

 

Tree rings

 

Can you see the growth rings?  The wider the ring, the more the tree grew that year.

 

Pick the factors that might result in a tree growing more in one year than another.

More sunshine

More plants

More rainfall

More oxygen

More birds

The roots of a tree are very important to it.

 

Complete this sentence:

More sunshine

More plants

More rainfall

More oxygen

More birds

Water for the tree is taken up by the roots.

 

What is the name of the part of the tree the water will pass through to reach the leaves?

Leaves are food factories for the tree.

 

Complete the chart to show what factors leaves need to do this and also what they produce.

 Needed by leavesProduced by leaves
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen
Water
Light
Sugar

In terms of a food chain, which of the following describes a tree?

Consumer

Predator

Prey

Producer

  • Question 1

Here is a picture of the internal bones of the human body:

 

Skeleton

 

This is known as your...

CORRECT ANSWER
skeleton
EDDIE SAYS
Hopefully that was a nice easy one to start off with! Unless you can't spell SKELETON of course! No "skellingtons" allowed here!
  • Question 2

Skeleton

 

This arrangement of bones is important to us in many ways.

CORRECT ANSWER
It gives our body support
It protects certain organs
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, the two main functions of the skeleton are SUPPORT and PROTECTION. The bones form our framework and our muscles are attached to them so that we can move. Then, bony protection is important for organs like the brain (protected by the skull) and the heart, liver, etc. (protected by the ribs). Still, lucky we don't have an exoskeleton to shed - can you imagine the piles of shed skin that would need disposing of all over the place? Yuk!
  • Question 3

Some of the bones in limbs like arms and legs are attached in such a way that the limb is able to move.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Your shoulders, elbows, knees, etc. all move because of JOINTS. That's where bones are connected by tendons and so on, keeping them together but enabling them to move. Otherwise you'd be locked in position and life would be very difficult!
  • Question 4

Here is a picture of an arm holding a weight:

 

Arm holding weight

 

The weight can be moved when the forearm bends at the elbow.

 

In terms of forces, the elbow is acting as a ...

CORRECT ANSWER
Pivot
EDDIE SAYS
That's a bit trickier! Here we have a lever: that's a machine that makes a job (like lifting a weight) easier. However, the elbow is the point at which the lever turns or PIVOTS - yes?
  • Question 5

The muscles which act to move the forearm with the weight on are called the biceps (A in the diagram) and the triceps (B in the diagram).

 

Arm muscles

 

Fill in the chart to show what each muscle does to lift the weight up.

CORRECT ANSWER
 ContractsRelaxes
Biceps
Triceps
EDDIE SAYS
All OK? The biceps is the muscle at the front of your upper arm. If you put your left hand over your right bicep and bend your elbow, you can feel the muscle bulging as your forearm is raised. That's your biceps contracting to lift the forearm. At the same time, the triceps at the back of your upper arm relaxes.
  • Question 6

Georgia has found an animal living in the leaf litter in a wood.  She wants to identify it.

 

It seems to have a hard outer covering, called an exoskeleton.

 

The animal is probably...

CORRECT ANSWER
An Arthropod
EDDIE SAYS
An animal with an exoskeleton? The hard skin it has to shed to grow? Must be an insect or a spider or something like that - that makes it an ARTHROPOD. Crabs are arthropods too - one type called a crustacean. They have very hard exoskeletons. When they shed theirs, they have very soft skin for a day or so, and have to hide away to avoid becoming an easy meal for another sea-dweller! Molluscs are snails, etc. and have shells, not exoskeletons (that can cause confusion!) and mammals are furry, not crunchy!
  • Question 7

Georgia counts its legs.  There are six.

 

The animal is most probably...

CORRECT ANSWER
An Insect
EDDIE SAYS
Six legs? That's got to be an insect (unless it's a spider that's missing two legs, of course!). Insects are things like flies, beetles, moths, ants and so on and they all have six legs. That's one of their major identification features. Are you all right with this so far?
  • Question 8

Georgia notices that the animal she has found not only has an exoskeleton and six legs, it also has hard, shiny wing cases.

 

Use this key to decide what it is:

 

#8740 q8

CORRECT ANSWER
Beetle
EDDIE SAYS
Could you follow that through to the answer? Keys are pretty straightforward once you get the hang of them. The information you need is found in the questions. So, "does it have six legs?" Yes. "Does it have hard, shiny wing cases?" Yes. That means... it's a BEETLE! On to the next one.
  • Question 9

Here is a list of body organs:

 

TONGUE

OESOPHAGUS (ESOPHAGUS)

INTESTINE

ANUS

 

These organs are all concerned with...

CORRECT ANSWER
Digestion
EDDIE SAYS
OK, so we've got organs like tongue and oesophagus, so that cannot be waste removal. It has to be digestion - the transformation of items of food into a form that is small enough to be passed into our bloodstream. If it was circulation you'd see 'heart' there and for breathing, you'd need 'lungs' in the list.
  • Question 10

Foods are processed differently by certain areas of the body.

 

Match the body organ with its processing job.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Teeth
Mashing up food
Stomach
Acids added to break down food
Small intestine
Useful nutrients absorbed into th...
Large intestine
Water removed from the remains of...
EDDIE SAYS
It's really important to understand the roles of different areas of the digestive system - it's your body and you need to know how it ticks! The teeth mash-up particles of food, making them easier to swallow and smaller for the digestive chemicals to get started on breaking them down. The stomach churns it all up, food and digestive chemicals, so that it's ready for the goodies to be taken out into the blood. The job of the small intestine is to separate out the useful nutrients (sugars, proteins, etc.) and get them into the blood. Then your body can benefit from them. The left-over food remains end up in the large intestine where any remaining water is removed before they leave the body through the anus. It's fascinating stuff!
  • Question 11

The foods we eat contain the nutrients we need to live and to stay healthy.

 

Use this chart to show how the different nutrients are important to us.

CORRECT ANSWER
 CarbohydratesProteinsFatsWaterVitamins & Minerals
Building and repairing our bodies
Everyday energy needs
Energy storage
Healthy bodies
Used in blood/urine/etc.
EDDIE SAYS
It's really important to get a handle on what these important nutrients do for your body (and where to get them from!). Remember, if you build a house out of rubbish materials, you've got a rubbish house. In the same way, you need tip-top nutrients to make a tip-top you: ice cream, chocolate and chips every day will not do the trick! So, everyday energy from carbohydrates, like sugar and starch, while it's proteins you need to build into you. After all, your muscles ARE protein!
  • Question 12

Which of the following foods would be a good source of Vitamin C?

CORRECT ANSWER
Oranges
Broccoli
EDDIE SAYS
All foods have some merit, in terms of providing nutrients. But too much can cause problems! Vitamin C is important for your skin to be healthy. Citrus fruits, like oranges, are a good source. Also, many vegetables (like broccoli) contain decent amounts of this vitamin. Again, this is important stuff for YOU, for YOUR LIFE! It's not all about exams.
  • Question 13

James has been watching a thrush's nest in a tree outside his bedroom window.

 

Thrush

 

He has kept a log of his observations.

 

#8740 q13

 

Which of the following are true of all animals?

CORRECT ANSWER
Reproduce
Grow
Feed
EDDIE SAYS
Remember the seven life processes to determine whether something is a living thing or not? This question asks you to draw from that knowledge to answer "what is true of all animals?". They must all be able to Feed, Grow and Reproduce. They might sing, fly, etc., but they don't have to to be living animals. Got that?
  • Question 14

Here is James's log again:

 

#8740 q13

 

Which of the following observations from his log provide evidence for the reasons that chicks grow?

CORRECT ANSWER
"Chicks fed with worms and slugs"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you read the question carefully? Twice? It's important. If you don't KNOW what you're being asked, it's going to be difficult to answer correctly. You were asked for evidence for the "reasons chicks grow". Why do you grow? Because you draw proteins, etc. from your food to build your body. The same is true of chicks. Because their hard-working parents bring worms and slugs in abundance, the chicks can grow, building their bodies, until they're ready to fledge (that's fly the nest).
  • Question 15

James has been using the RSPB* website to find out information about birds' eggs.

 

BIRD EGGS SIZE/mm HATCHING TIME (INCUBATION)/days
Blue Tit Blue tit egg 15 x 12 10
Thrush Thrush egg 29 x 21 14
Crow Pigeon egg 40 x 30 20
Pheasant Pheasant egg 46 x 36 24

 

Use in the information in the table to make a conclusion.

 

*(Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Look at the table again. You can clearly see that as the bird increases in size, its eggs are corresponding bigger. In addition, the evidence there clearly suggests that the larger eggs take longer to hatch. Of course, that also means that the smaller eggs take less time to hatch. However, you cannot fit "smaller" and "shorter" into the sentence as it doesn't make grammatical sense. Sorry!
  • Question 16

Which of the following features demonstrate that a penguin is a bird?

 

Penguin

CORRECT ANSWER
It has feathers
EDDIE SAYS
Ooh, tricksy! What makes a bird a bird - that's the key question. Do they all fly? No, ostriches are flightless birds. Do they all lay eggs? Yes, but so do most animals. Do they all eat fish? No! So, it's feathers. Only birds have feathers. In fact, when they unearthed a new sort of dinosaur in Germany in the 1800s, they looked closely at the fossil and saw ... feathers. It was a very early kind of bird, even though the bones looked like a typical dinosaur. There's so much great stuff to find out!
  • Question 17

Barn owl

 

A barn owl is a bird which is adapted to hunting for small prey, like mice, at night.

 

Kestrel

 

A kestrel is a small bird of prey which also hunts small animals, but hunts by day.

 

Use the chart to match the correct adaptations to each bird (two for each one).

CORRECT ANSWER
 Barn OwlKestrel
Soft feathers for silent flight
Sharp eyes to locate prey
Pointed wings for hovering and fast flight
Sensitive ears to hear rustling
EDDIE SAYS
Adaptations are the design-features that help an animal to survive. So, barn owls are nocturnal hunters. They do have sharp eyes, but they're especially large and located in the front of the face for 3D vision, but they're only useful when the bird is almost on the prey. No, as nocturnal hunters barn owls need really good hearing to hear the tiny noises that mice and voles make. They also need a stealth-flight mode, so they can't be heard coming ... until it's too late! On the other hand, kestrels rely on their sharp sight to spot tiny mammals in the grass, as they hover up in the air, searching. Their wings are designed for fast flight, diving quickly down to grab their lunch. Isn't nature wonderful?!
  • Question 18

Here is the end of a tree that has been cut down:

 

Tree rings

 

Can you see the growth rings?  The wider the ring, the more the tree grew that year.

 

Pick the factors that might result in a tree growing more in one year than another.

CORRECT ANSWER
More sunshine
More rainfall
EDDIE SAYS
This question is about what you'll learn to call LIMITING FACTORS. That is, factors (variables, things, situations) that limit the growth of something. What do plants need to grow well? Light, water, soil nutrients - that sort of thing. So, SUNSHINE and RAINFALL are factors that limit the tree's growth, if there isn't enough. So, in a good year of sunshine and rainfall, the tree grows well and so the tree ring is wider. Now it all makes sense! What's next?
  • Question 19

The roots of a tree are very important to it.

 

Complete this sentence:

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Have you ever seen a whole tree that's been blown over by the wind? The tangle of roots are now above the ground and show you how extensive they can be. One major job of the roots is to fix the tree securely in the ground, to anchor it firmly so that it doesn't fall over. By spreading out and going deep into the soil, they hold the tree firmly in place (usually!).
  • Question 20

Water for the tree is taken up by the roots.

 

What is the name of the part of the tree the water will pass through to reach the leaves?

CORRECT ANSWER
trunk
stem
tubes
xylem
stalk
bole
branch
EDDIE SAYS
On a tree, what's between the roots and the top of the tree? The trunk! Inside are tiny tubes that carry the water (you'll learn they're called XYLEM tubes later on in your course) and the water goes way up the tree to reach the leaves. Hey, that's against gravity! How can the tree do that? All will be revealed as you journey the Biology river of understanding!
  • Question 21

Leaves are food factories for the tree.

 

Complete the chart to show what factors leaves need to do this and also what they produce.

CORRECT ANSWER
 Needed by leavesProduced by leaves
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen
Water
Light
Sugar
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with that? Of course, you'll spend lots more time on this amazing area of science when you study PHOTOSYNTHESIS over the next year or two. You'll learn that leaves take in Carbon Dioxide, Water and Light to make the sugar that the tree needs. Oxygen is released as a waste product! Oh, loads of great stuff to discover! Nearly there now...
  • Question 22

In terms of a food chain, which of the following describes a tree?

CORRECT ANSWER
Producer
EDDIE SAYS
Phew - an easy one to finish with (hopefully!). Plants (and a tree is a plant!) are producers - they make the food energy that feeds the food chain. That's REALLY important to get to understand. Then the rest begins to make sense. Well done - you've finished!
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