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Seasons

In this worksheet students will read an explanation of how the different seasons occur and will then answer questions on it.

'Seasons' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:  Physics: Space Physics

Curriculum subtopic:  Seasons and the Earth's Tilt

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The Earth's axis is tilted and this creates the different seasons. Each half of the Earth is called a hemisphere and Europe (where the UK belongs) is in the northern hemisphere. When this is tilted towards the Sun, it is summer in Europe. Have a look at the four seasons diagram below. The equator separates the Earth into the northern and southern hemispheres.

 

 

When the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun, it is winter in Europe. The Sun is not very high in the sky at midday and days are much shorter than nights. The southern hemisphere is slightly closer to the Sun during its summer and that's why summers in the southern hemisphere are often hotter than ones in the northern hemisphere. 

 

Contrary to what most people believe, the northern hemisphere is further from the Sun during its summer. The Sun still feels hotter, though, because its rays are much more concentrated than they are in the winter, as the Sun is higher in the sky. This is what makes the difference. Summer days are longer, so the Sun has more time to warm the Earth. 

What do we call the northern half of the Earth?

southern hemisphere

northern hemisphere

equator

What causes seasons?

the Earth is tilted on its axis

the hemisphere closer to the Sun has summer

the Sun is lower in the sky in the summer

Is the following statement true or false?

 

When the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun, it is winter in Europe.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Summers in the northern hemisphere are hotter than summers in the southern hemisphere.

true

false

Why are summers in the southern hemisphere hotter than summers in the northern hemisphere?

Because the northern hemisphere is closer to the Sun during its summer

Because the southern hemisphere is closer to the Sun during its summer

Because the southern hemisphere is further from the Sun during its summer

Is the following statement true or false?

 

The Sun is higher in the sky during the summer.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

The northern hemisphere is further from the Sun during its summer than during its winter.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Summer days are shorter than winter days.

true

false

Why does the Sun feel hotter during the summer in the northern hemisphere? Tick two boxes.

the northern hemisphere is closer to the Sun in the summer

summer days are shorter

the Sun's rays are more concentrated

the Sun has more time to warm up the Earth because summer days are longer

What do we call the 'line' that separates the Earth into the two hemispheres?

Write one word.

  • Question 1

What do we call the northern half of the Earth?

CORRECT ANSWER
northern hemisphere
EDDIE SAYS
The northern half of the Earth is called the northern hemisphere.
  • Question 2

What causes seasons?

CORRECT ANSWER
the Earth is tilted on its axis
EDDIE SAYS
Seasons exist because the Earth is tilted on its axis.
  • Question 3

Is the following statement true or false?

 

When the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun, it is winter in Europe.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
When the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun it is winter in Europe. This is true.
  • Question 4

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Summers in the northern hemisphere are hotter than summers in the southern hemisphere.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Summers in the southern hemisphere are generally hotter than summers in the northern hemisphere because the southern hemisphere is closer to the sun during its summers.
  • Question 5

Why are summers in the southern hemisphere hotter than summers in the northern hemisphere?

CORRECT ANSWER
Because the southern hemisphere is closer to the Sun during its summer
EDDIE SAYS
Summers in the southern hemisphere are hotter than summers in the northern hemisphere ,because the southern hemisphere is closer to the Sun during its summer.
  • Question 6

Is the following statement true or false?

 

The Sun is higher in the sky during the summer.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
The Sun is higher in the sky during the summer. This is true.
  • Question 7

Is the following statement true or false?

 

The northern hemisphere is further from the Sun during its summer than during its winter.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
Contrary to what most people believe, the northern hemisphere is further from the Sun during its summer. The Sun still feels hotter, though, because its rays are much more concentrated than they are in the winter, as the Sun is higher in the sky.
  • Question 8

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Summer days are shorter than winter days.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
This is false. Summer days are longer than winter days.
  • Question 9

Why does the Sun feel hotter during the summer in the northern hemisphere? Tick two boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
the Sun's rays are more concentrated
the Sun has more time to warm up the Earth because summer days are longer
EDDIE SAYS
The Sun feels hotter during the summer than during the winter, because the Sun's rays are more concentrated and the Sun has more time to warm up the Earth as summer days are longer.
  • Question 10

What do we call the 'line' that separates the Earth into the two hemispheres?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
equator
EDDIE SAYS
The 'line' that separates the Earth into the two hemispheres is called the equator.
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