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Describe Multi-Step Energy Changes

In this worksheet, students will look at how energy changers convert energy from one form to another, involving processes that take more than one step.

'Describe Multi-Step Energy Changes' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Year:  Year 9 Science worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Physics: Energy

Curriculum subtopic:   Energy Changes and Transfers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

You should already have an understanding of energy changers as being devices that convert energy from one form to another.


For example:




A car engine converts the chemical energy stored in petrol into kinetic (movement) energy. Sound and heat (thermal) energy are also produced.


If we put this into a flow diagram, it would look like this:

Chemical → Kinetic + Heat + Sound 

The arrow represents an energy transfer.


In this activity, we will look at processes that involve more than one energy transfer, and therefore need more than one arrow in their flow diagrams.


An example is a battery-powered torch.




If we think about its energy transfers in full, we need to think about its input energy, its output energy, and everything that happens in between.


The source of energy is chemical energy from the battery, which is then transferred into electrical energy, which in turn is converted to the useful output of light (and some wasted as heat).


The process is much easier to follow when laid out in a flow diagram:


Chemical → Electrical → Light + Heat


Now it's your turn to have a go at some new examples and see if you can fill in the blanks, put things in the right order, and work out the energy transfers of everyday devices.

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