Once you've mapped your curriculum for a year's home teaching and you know you can provide a seamless start-to-finish module of learning, you need to focus on how to actually deliver learning in each session.
This article is an overview on how to facilitate learning, and here I will just focus on a few basic principles.
As mentioned in the last article, learners of all ages learn through doing. It is essential that, for effective teaching to happen, the tasks that children are set must be active. This doesn't necessarily mean running around, but any lessons that centre solely on teacher activity is most likely to be a complete waste of time. Resist the urge to be the 'sage on the stage', to stand in front of your learners and read from a book, or tell them all the things you know; it won't go in, or if it does, it will be remembered in a superficial way.
Instead, think of the brain as a natural problem-solving machine. The brain loves problems and actually grows as it is faced with them. If you are in any doubt, look how popular children's puzzle books, crosswords, word searches or simple games of hide and seek are.
So, all lessons should focus on pupil activity, and all lessons should present the pupil with a stimulating challenge. If you are home educating more than one child, this is an advantage, because children can then collaborate with one another to work out an answer to the question or challenge.
A simple structure for your lesson might look something like this (I am a history teacher so I am going to use a history lesson):
1) Lesson Starter (10 Minutes): This is a short, fun, active introduction to the lesson that is related to the topic. If you were teaching about the Norman Conquests to Key Stage Three learners, perhaps an appropriate type of exercise would be to give them a mixed up series of cards with key events from the historical narrative, which need to be quickly re-arranged into the right order, with the pupils arguing why their version of events is right.
2) Main Exercise (30-40 Minutes): Now you have got your child switched on, focused and engaged, you are into your window of peak learning, which is about half an hour to forty minutes. This time is precious, so don't clog it up with too much talk, you need to give the learner a sufficient amount of information in a handout, book, DVD or website so they have knowledge from which to learn, but you aren't so much driving towards filling them with facts as teasing out a judgement or evaluation. Your lesson needs to have a key question, such as 'Why did William win at the Battle of Hastings?' or 'What were the consequences of William's victory for England?', otherwise it is just a process of chewing through facts, and if your learner doesn't find that boring, you will!
3) Plenary Session (5-10 Minutes): A plenary session is where you assess whether the learning has been effective, and it's a nice conclusion to the lesson that gives the learner a sense of resolution. In this last ten minutes, try not to ask 'did you understand that?', as most learners will try to please their teacher by saying yes, even if they didn't. Instead, you need to coax the learner into ‘teaching’ you; by asking them bigger questions that ascertain what meaning or conclusions they can draw from the lesson, you'll know how much learning really happened.
For some brilliant lesson ideas, click here for Paul Ginnis's ‘Teachers Toolkit’. Alternatively, there are many websites to help you with home education and provide any extra information that you may need; such as Education Otherwise, the Home Education Advisory Service and DirectGov.
Click here for the Department for Education Primary National Curriculum and here for the Secondary National Curriculum.
Here are all of the different exam boards for Key Stage 3 and 4 and above – visit their Private Candidate sections to find out how to enter your children for exams: AQA, EdExcel, OCR and CIE. Click here for a list of their relevant contact details.
For websites which will provide you with content to assist you in your home education, look no further than EdPlace.com! Our worksheets are used by many parents as part of their home schooling.
Let this article be just the very beginning of your journey into understanding teaching practice; it's a fascinating area and very rewarding to understand.