# Apply the Relationship to Select the Correct Symbol

In this worksheet, students will match pairs of shape-based symbols in the same way as a pair of examples. It will develop their ability to categorise and use skills such as rotation and mirror imaging.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Spatial and Non-Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Apply the Relationship

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Let’s go on a symbol spotting adventure!

We are going to compare images and see if we can find a relationship between them, which can help us to see how one of them has been turned into another.

In this question type, we are given two images and we need to work out how the first has been turned into the second.

These are some changes to look out for:

 Change Image example The second image in each pair has been rotated. The second image is shaded in a different way. The second image is reflected. Part of the second image has got bigger or smaller.

Once you understand the pattern between the first pair of images, you can then apply this to the following image and find its mystery partner.

Take a look at this example:

Which of these options would the final shape turn into??

a)         b)         c)         d)

The theme is that the second image has been rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise and is shaded in the opposite way to the first.

To find the image which best completes the final pair, we have to find one that has been rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise and is shaded in the opposite way.

If we apply this, we find that the answer is b!

In this activity, you will need to be a symbol superstar and match images based on a pattern that you will find.

Let’s get started!

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

• Question 1

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
How has the first image in the first pair been changed to become the second image? Two changes have happened here. The image has rotated half a turn (or 180 degrees) and then changed from white to black. We need to apply the same two changes to the triangle in the second pair. If we do this, we reach the same image as option b. How did you do detective? Did you notice that there were two clues to follow here, not just one?
• Question 2

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Two things have changed here in the first pair. The dashed outline of the triangle has become solid and the small circle on the corner has been enlarged. We need to apply both of these changes to the square in the second pair. If we turn the dashed outline to solid and increase the size of the circle, we reach an image like option c. Don't be fooled by sneaky option b, as the outline has not been changed into a solid line although the circle size is correct.
• Question 3

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot the two changes between the bugs in the first pair here? The first bug has been rotated 90 degrees clockwise and the shape on its belly has changed from being white to black. We need to apply the same change to the second beetle-type bug in the second pair. If we rotate it and shade the shape on its belly, we reach option a. Watch out for option b, which is facing the correct direction but has not been shaded on the belly.
• Question 4

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Did you notice any changes here? The overall size of the shape has reduced and the grey segments have changed to black. We need to apply the same changes to the first shape in the second pair. If we do this, we reach option c which is the correct answer. Keep up the great work super shader!
• Question 5

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
We've had some shading switching going on here! The white parts have turned to grey, whilst the grey parts have become black. The sections which were already black have become white. If we apply this set of three rules to the set of circles in the second pair, we reach an image which matches option b. Take your time with questions like this, as all of the options look VERY similar to the correct answer.
• Question 6

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What changes did you observe here super spotter? The triangle on legs has shrunk in the first pair AND switched from white to black. If we apply the same changes to the square on legs, we reach option d.
• Question 7

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
A colossal THREE things have changed here! How many of these did you spot shape detective? 1. The dashed outline has turned into a solid line. 2. The central shape has changed colour from white to black. 3. The whole image has turned 90 degrees in an anti-clockwise direction. If we apply all three of these steps to the first image in the second pair, we reach the correct answer which is option e. The other options have some of these steps applied but not them ALL so be on your guard in these complicated questions!
• Question 8

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
This is a reflection-themed question, but the mirror is horizontal rather than vertical this time. The top part of the first image in the first pair has been reflected so that there are 4 lines in the second image, whilst staying in their original position too. If we apply the same reflection to the first image in the second pair, we reach option c. Use a mirror on the screen and position it horizontally below the first two lines in the first images in each pair, if you want to see this in action more clearly.
• Question 9

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
This another reflection-themed question. The first arrow has been flipped over in a vertical mirror to create the second image in the first pair. If we apply the same reflection to the first image in the second pair, we get the image that is in option b. It can look at bit confusing at first when we have strange shapes like this. Don't worry, though, just use your detective skills to identify what has changed between the shapes. Are you ready for another one?
• Question 10

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Two things have changed here detective. Did you spot them both? The shape has turned through 180 degrees in a clockwise direction. It has also shrunk. If we apply these same changes to the triangle in the second pair, we reach option d. Options c and e have also shrunk but they have not rotated 180 degrees in a clockwise direction so are not correct. Amazing work shape spotter! We saw up to THREE changes which we had to spot and then apply in this activity. Be sure to always take your time so that you don't miss any small changes which may be tricky to spot.
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