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Sentence Composition: Single and Multi Clauses

In this worksheet, students identify single-clause sentences and multi-clause sentences (and their conjunctions).

'Sentence Composition: Single and Multi Clauses' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:  Extend Sentence Composition

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Sentences can be simple, compound or complex.

A simple sentence only contains one verb or verb string.

The pig gobbled its dinner.

I have been working very hard all day.

 

A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences joined together with conjunctions such as and, but and or.

Paul loves football but Jamie likes cricket.

I might go to the cinema or I might stay at home.

 

Both parts of a compound sentence make sense on their own and they are equally important.

 

A complex sentence links two or more ideas, often with conjunctions such as because, although and if.

My granny rides a motorbike although she is nearly eighty.

We went home early because we were tired.

We will go to the beach if the sun comes out.

 

In a complex sentence, only one part (or clause) makes sense on its own. The underlined parts of the sentences above are called the main clause. The other part of the sentence is called the subordinate clause. It doesn't make sense on its own.

 

If you need to read the introduction again as you work through the worksheet, you can do so by clicking on the Help button above the questions.

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

I like listening to music but my sister likes watching television.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Jamie had a new bicycle for his birthday.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Sports day was cancelled because it rained.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

We are going to the cinema tonight and we are having a pizza afterwards.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Jonny went to school today even though he had a bad headache.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

The cute puppy had big brown eyes, silky black fur and a wet nose.

simple

compound

complex

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

It will snow in Scotland but it will rain all day in England.

simple

compound

complex

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Stephen plays the piano very well even though he has only been learning for a few months.

main clause

subordinate clause

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Kayla, who was very tired, snuggled down on the sofa with a blanket.

main clause

subordinate clause

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Although it was very late, we stayed up to watch the match on TV.

main clause

subordinate clause

  • Question 1

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

I like listening to music but my sister likes watching television.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
EDDIE SAYS
There are two parts, or clauses, in this sentence and they both make sense on their own, so it is a compound sentence.
  • Question 2

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Jamie had a new bicycle for his birthday.

CORRECT ANSWER
simple
EDDIE SAYS
Wow, what a great birthday present! There is only one verb in this sentence (had) so it is a simple sentence.
  • Question 3

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Sports day was cancelled because it rained.

CORRECT ANSWER
complex
EDDIE SAYS
There are two clauses in this complex sentence, but the second one (because it rained) doesn't make sense on its own. It is a subordinate clause.
  • Question 4

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

We are going to the cinema tonight and we are having a pizza afterwards.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
EDDIE SAYS
This compound sentence has two clauses that both make sense on their own.
  • Question 5

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

Jonny went to school today even though he had a bad headache.

CORRECT ANSWER
complex
EDDIE SAYS
This is a complex sentence because only one part makes sense on its own!
  • Question 6

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

The cute puppy had big brown eyes, silky black fur and a wet nose.

CORRECT ANSWER
simple
EDDIE SAYS
This simple sentence only contains one verb (had).
  • Question 7

Read the sentence below and decide whether it is a simple sentence, a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

 

It will snow in Scotland but it will rain all day in England.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
EDDIE SAYS
This is a compound sentence, both parts make sense on their own and they are joined together by the conjunction 'but'.
  • Question 8

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Stephen plays the piano very well even though he has only been learning for a few months.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinate clause
EDDIE SAYS
The clause doesn't make sense on its own so it is the subordinate clause.
  • Question 9

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Kayla, who was very tired, snuggled down on the sofa with a blanket.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinate clause
EDDIE SAYS
This doesn't make sense on its own, so it is the subordinate clause.
  • Question 10

Read the complex sentence below and decide if the underlined part is the main clause or the subordinate clause.

 

Although it was very late, we stayed up to watch the match on TV.

CORRECT ANSWER
main clause
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? This is the main clause and does make sense on its own too.
---- OR ----

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