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Sentence Structure: Using 'if' 2

In this worksheet, students consider different types of conditional sentence, using the word 'if'.

'Sentence Structure: Using 'if' 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:   Extend Sentence Composition

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Conditional sentences are sentences in which one thing depends upon another.

If I win the lottery then I will give all the money to charity.

 

We often leave out the word 'then'.

If I win the lottery I will give all the money to charity.

 

There are different types of conditional sentence.

 

1) Things that might actually happen

If it snows we will build a snowman.

This type of sentence uses the future tense ('we will').

 

2) Imaginary things or things that might possibly happen but are unlikely

If David Beckham came to our school I would be very excited.

This type of sentence uses words like 'could' and 'would'.

 

3) Things that cannot be changed because they are in the past

If I had worked harder I would have passed the test.

This type of sentences uses words like 'could have' and 'would have'.

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If we work hard our teacher will let us have extra play time.

something that might actually happen

an imaginary or unlikely event

something that cannot be changed because it is in the past

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If I lived on the moon I would eat cheese all day long.

cheese

something that might actually happen

an imaginary or unlikely event

something that cannot be changed because it is in the past

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If I practise hard I will be allowed to play my clarinet in assembly next week.

something that might actually happen

an imaginary or unlikely event

something that cannot be changed because it is in the past

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If the driver hadn't been drinking the crash wouldn't have happened.

 

 

something that might actually happen

an imaginary or unlikely event

something that cannot be changed because it is in the past

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If I turned into a mouse...

 

mouse

I would have scared all the elephants in the world.

I will scare all the elephants in the world.

I would scare all the elephants in the world.

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If Charlie had looked before he ran into the road...

he won't be hit by the car.

he wouldn't have been hit by the car.

he wouldn't be hit by the car.

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If I get a paper round...

I would have put my pay into my bank account.

I would put my pay into my bank account.

I will put my pay into my bank account.

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

Provided it stops raining soon...

 

rain

we would go to the beach.

we would have gone to the beach.

we will go to the beach.

This is the first type of conditional sentence.

 

I will get a rise in my pocket money if I help my mum with the dishes.

 

Rewrite the sentence as the third type of conditional sentence (where the events cannot be changed because they are in the past).

Now do the same with this sentence.

 

Peter will be our highest goal scorer if he converts the penalty.

 

  • Question 1

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If we work hard our teacher will let us have extra play time.

CORRECT ANSWER
something that might actually happen
EDDIE SAYS
This could happen in the future if they do work hard.
  • Question 2

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If I lived on the moon I would eat cheese all day long.

cheese

CORRECT ANSWER
an imaginary or unlikely event
EDDIE SAYS
Eating cheese all day long sounds great to me, although not very likely to happen, especially on the moon!
  • Question 3

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If I practise hard I will be allowed to play my clarinet in assembly next week.

CORRECT ANSWER
something that might actually happen
EDDIE SAYS
This could happen in the future if they practise hard enough.
  • Question 4

Which type of conditional sentence is this?

 

If the driver hadn't been drinking the crash wouldn't have happened.

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
something that cannot be changed because it is in the past
EDDIE SAYS
This sounds like the crash has already happened, therefore can't be changed.
  • Question 5

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If I turned into a mouse...

 

mouse

CORRECT ANSWER
I would scare all the elephants in the world.
EDDIE SAYS
This is the 'imaginary' type of conditional sentence, so we need to use 'would scare'.
  • Question 6

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If Charlie had looked before he ran into the road...

CORRECT ANSWER
he wouldn't have been hit by the car.
EDDIE SAYS
This is the type of conditional sentence where the events are already in the past, so we need to use 'wouldn't have been'.
  • Question 7

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

If I get a paper round...

CORRECT ANSWER
I will put my pay into my bank account.
EDDIE SAYS
This is the type of conditional sentence that might actually happen, so we need to use 'will put'.
  • Question 8

Choose the correct ending for this sentence.

(Think about which type of conditional sentence it is.)

 

Provided it stops raining soon...

 

rain

CORRECT ANSWER
we will go to the beach.
EDDIE SAYS
This is also the type of event that might actually happen, so we need to use 'will go'.
  • Question 9

This is the first type of conditional sentence.

 

I will get a rise in my pocket money if I help my mum with the dishes.

 

Rewrite the sentence as the third type of conditional sentence (where the events cannot be changed because they are in the past).

CORRECT ANSWER
I would have got a rise in my pocket money if I had helped my mum with the dishes.
EDDIE SAYS
Using the words 'would have' and 'helped' change this sentence to the past tense, something that has already happened in the past and cannot be changed.
  • Question 10

Now do the same with this sentence.

 

Peter will be our highest goal scorer if he converts the penalty.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Peter would have been our highest goal scorer if he had converted the penalty.
EDDIE SAYS
The words 'would be' and 'converted' change this sentence into the past tense. The event has already happened and can't be changed.
---- OR ----

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