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Compare Objective and Subjective Texts

In this worksheet, students read and recognise the features of objective and subjective texts on the same subject. They analyse the facts and fiction in these texts.

'Compare Objective and Subjective Texts' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:  Distinguish Fact from Opinion

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Non-fiction texts can be objective or subjective.

 

An objective text is neutral. The author states facts but does not give opinions or try to persuade readers to believe his or her point of view.

 

A subjective text is written from a particular point of view and the author uses many devices to try to persuade readers that his or her point of view is correct. Advertisements are an obvious example of a persuasive text, but letters and newspaper articles can also be subjective.

 

 

Read the following texts and then answer the questions in the worksheet. Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.

 

Text A

The Government has put forward a proposal for a new airport in the south of England. It is expected to ease the congestion at other London airports. In order to construct the airport, the compulsory purchase of properties and land will be necessary and certain roads will need to be re-routed. Many local jobs will be created by the development.

 

Text B

How much is the new airport going to cost YOU? Hundreds of homeowners will lose their properties! Whole villages will be destroyed by the developers' demolition ball! Countless fields of fertile farmland are to be concreted over! And, sadly, our thirteenth century church is to be demolished! Are we expected to just sit back and watch them tear down our heritage? Do we really want the noise and pollution of a busy airport to replace our tranquil existence? STOP this madness in its tracks - VOTE NO TO THE AIRPORT!

Which of the texts is objective and which is subjective?

Column A

Column B

text A
subjective
text B
objective

Which of the texts is written as if the author is talking directly to the reader?

text A

text B

Text B mentions only the disadvantages of the new airport, but text A lists both advantages and disadvantages. Which of the outcomes in the list below are good ones? Tick two boxes.

People's houses will be bought from them and knocked down.

New jobs will be created.

The local church will be knocked down.

Other airports in London will become less crowded.

Farmland will be built upon.

Writers of persuasive texts use many techniques to appeal to their readers' emotions. One of these is the use of rhetorical questions (questions that don't require an answer but are used to emphasise a point).

 

How many rhetorical questions does the author of text B use?

2

3

4

The writer of text B uses a lot of emotive vocabulary in the text, choosing words that make the reader feel a certain way. The church is described as 'thirteenth century' to highlight how long it has been there and the word 'heritage' suggests something positive that has been passed down from generation to generation.

 

Which adjective does the writer use to describe the pleasant and peaceful surroundings of today and contrast them with the 'noise and pollution of a busy airport'? Write it in the answer box.

The writer of text B uses other literary devices to emphasise his or her opinion. What device has been used in the following phrase?

 

fields of fertile farmland

onomatopoeia

simile

alliteration

rhyme

Look at the statements below and decide which apply to objective texts and which to subjective (persuasive) ones.

 objective textssubjective texts
language tends to be formal
emotive vocabulary is chosen
the reader is addressed directly
both sides of the argument are included
rhetorical questions are used
word play and literary devices are often included
only one side of the argument is presented
  • Question 1

Which of the texts is objective and which is subjective?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

text A
objective
text B
subjective
EDDIE SAYS
In text A, the author does not attempt to persuade the reader of his or her point of view, so the text is objective. In text B, the author's point of view is clear!
  • Question 2

Which of the texts is written as if the author is talking directly to the reader?

CORRECT ANSWER
text B
EDDIE SAYS
Text B opens with the question 'How much is the new airport going to cost YOU?'. Talking directly to the reader is a common technique used in persuasive writing.
  • Question 3

Text B mentions only the disadvantages of the new airport, but text A lists both advantages and disadvantages. Which of the outcomes in the list below are good ones? Tick two boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
New jobs will be created.
Other airports in London will become less crowded.
EDDIE SAYS
The author of text B only lists the disadvantages because he or she wants to convince the reader that the airport is a bad thing.
  • Question 4

Writers of persuasive texts use many techniques to appeal to their readers' emotions. One of these is the use of rhetorical questions (questions that don't require an answer but are used to emphasise a point).

 

How many rhetorical questions does the author of text B use?

CORRECT ANSWER
3
EDDIE SAYS
The rhetorical questions are 'How much is the new airport going to cost YOU?', 'Are we expected to just sit back and watch them tear down our heritage?' and 'Do we really want the noise and pollution of a busy airport to replace our tranquil existence?'.
  • Question 5

The writer of text B uses a lot of emotive vocabulary in the text, choosing words that make the reader feel a certain way. The church is described as 'thirteenth century' to highlight how long it has been there and the word 'heritage' suggests something positive that has been passed down from generation to generation.

 

Which adjective does the writer use to describe the pleasant and peaceful surroundings of today and contrast them with the 'noise and pollution of a busy airport'? Write it in the answer box.

CORRECT ANSWER
tranquil
EDDIE SAYS
If a place is 'tranquil' it is peaceful and calm. The word creates a positive feeling in the reader.
  • Question 6

The writer of text B uses other literary devices to emphasise his or her opinion. What device has been used in the following phrase?

 

fields of fertile farmland

CORRECT ANSWER
alliteration
EDDIE SAYS
When two or more words begin with the same sound it is called alliteration. This device is often used in persuasive texts.
  • Question 7

Look at the statements below and decide which apply to objective texts and which to subjective (persuasive) ones.

CORRECT ANSWER
 objective textssubjective texts
language tends to be formal
emotive vocabulary is chosen
the reader is addressed directly
both sides of the argument are included
rhetorical questions are used
word play and literary devices are often included
only one side of the argument is presented
EDDIE SAYS
Sometimes a persuasive text does include both sides of the argument, but the writer then tries to show why the opposing point of view is wrong.
---- OR ----

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