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Use Hyphens to Join Prefixes to Root Words 2

In this worksheet, students will consider further rules for using hyphens when adding prefixes to root words.

'Use Hyphens to Join Prefixes to Root Words 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 5 English worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Transcription

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Prefixes and Suffixes

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

When we add prefixes to root words we sometimes need to use a hyphen (-).


If the prefix ends in a vowel and the root word begins with a vowel, a hyphen is often used.




A hyphen is also used if the root word is a proper noun or an adjective that needs a capital letter. In the example below, European has a capital letter because it is formed from the proper noun Europe.




snowy scene


The prefixes all-, cross- and self- always have a hyphen.





The prefix ex- always has a hyphen when it means former, or before.




However, when the prefix ex- means going out, or getting bigger, it doesn't have a hyphen.




In this worksheet, you can practise deciding whether or not to use a hyphen when adding prefixes to root words.

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