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Understand Writing Within the Genre of Legends

In this worksheet, students will increase their familiarity with a specific genre of writing, legends. Students will use a range of skills in order to answer different comprehension questions about the text.

'Understand Writing Within the Genre of Legends' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Increase Range of Texts

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this activity, you will become more familiar with a kind of text known as a legend.

 

What is a legend?

 

Legends are stories that are largely believed to be rooted in some form of truth.

Legends are events that take place within human history.

Due to the manner in which legends are passed on (by word of mouth) the details evolve and change over time, becoming more fictional.

 

Top tips when answering questions about a text:

 

First of all, read through the text twice.

If you reach a word with a capital letter that you don't understand, it will be the name of something/someone, move on.

If you reach a word you don't know the meaning of, read around the sentence for clues to help you to understand it.

When you are asked to give evidence in an answer, always use words/ key phrases from the text to back up your opinion.

You don't have to answer the questions in order, if you find a tricky one, just move on, you can always return to it later!

Remember that reading comprehension is not a memory test, all of the information you need to answer the question will be within the text.

This activity will be based upon the story of Romulus and Remus; an Ancient Roman legend.

According to Ancient Roman legend, Princess Rhea had twin boys, Romulus and Remus, their father was Mars, the god of war.

Rhea had an incredibly jealous uncle who had stolen the throne from her father and he ordered for the twin boys to be drowned in the River Tiber.

However, a servant felt desperately sorry for the twins so he put them in a basket, allowing them to float down the river. He hoped someone would save them.

 

After carefully reading the first part of the legend, complete the blank spaces below.

According to Ancient Roman legend, Princess Rhea had twin boys, Romulus and Remus, their father was Mars, the god of war.

Rhea had an incredibly jealous uncle who had stolen the throne from her father and he ordered for the twin boys to be drowned in the River Tiber.

However, a servant felt desperately sorry for the twins so he put them in a basket, allowing them to float down the river and hoped someone would save them.

 

Why do you think the King ordered that the twin boys be murdered?

He was worried Princess Rhea wanted to be Queen

He didn't like babies

He was worried the boys could take his throne from him

He wanted to teach Rhea a lesson

The boys floated down the River Tiber until they came to rest at the foot of a huge hill. 

A she-wolf found the boys and nurtured them with her milk; she cared for the lost boys.

After some time, a shepherd named Faustulus found the twin boys and took them home to raise them as his own children.

He and his wife adopted them.

 

Who discovered Romulus and Remus first when they were washed ashore after floating down the River Tiber?

A she-wolf

Faustulus

The boys floated down the River Tiber until they came to rest at the foot of a huge hill. 

A she-wolf found the boys and nurtured them with her milk; she cared for the lost boys.

After some time, a shepherd named Faustulus found the twin boys and took them home to raise them as his own children.

He and his wife adopted them.

 

Why do you think Faustulus decided to help the boys by adopting them?

 He liked their hairHe wasn't afraid of the KingHe hoped they could help him as they grew upHe thought they were magical
Why did Faustulus help the boys?

Romulus and Remus did indeed grow up to help their adopted father and also became shepherds.

Soon, they learned of their true heritage and what their cruel Uncle had done.

They vowed to take revenge before they overthrew their Uncle by murdering him.

 

What does the word 'heritage' mean?

The background you come from

how much money you have

Where you were born

What your favourite colour is

Following the death of their uncle, Romulus and Remus decided they wanted a new challenge so they travelled back to the place where their adopted father had found them.

They chose to build a city on the very spot where they were found, it was to be a place where those who were homeless could live.

They, of course, had once been homeless and wanted to help others in the same situation.

However, the boys argued greatly about how to build the city; particularly about the height of the city walls!

The twins agreed to wait for a sign from the gods to help them settle their argument.

 

Can you match the fragmented statements correctly?

 

Column A

Column B

After the death of their uncle, Romulus and Remus ...
a new challenge
They decided to build a city
only the gods could help them to settle their diff...
The twins could not agree on how to build the city...
to help homeless people
They decided that
they wanted walls of different heights

The twin boys did receive a sign, at dawn they saw vultures flying high in the sky.

However, they couldn't even agree on how many vultures there were!

The boys began to fight once again and in a terrible rage, Romulus killed Remus.

With Remus gone, Romulus built his city, he became the sole ruler of this new place that stood over seven hills.

He named the city after himself- Rome.

The year according to the legend was 753BC.

 

In the box below, explain how you think Romulus would have felt now his city was built and his brother was dead.

The twin boys did receive a sign, at dawn they saw vultures flying high in the sky.

However, they couldn't even agree on how many vultures there were!

The boys began to fight once again and in a terrible rage, Romulus killed Remus.

With Remus gone, Romulus built his city, he became the sole ruler of this new place that stood over seven hills.

He named the city after himself- Rome.

The year according to the legend was 753BC.

 

Which of the twin brothers had the worst temper?

In the early days, the citizens of Rome were an undesirable bunch!

Most of them were outlaws and fugitives, banned from other dwellings.

Romulus ruled Rome for many decades.

Rumour has it that he did not die of old age but instead was taken up to the heavens during a violent storm and made a god.

His people began to worship him and renamed him Quirinus.

 

Can you accurately match the words below with the correct meaning?

Column A

Column B

Dwelling =
Quirinus
Fugitive =
not wanted because unpleasant
Undesirable =
a person who has escaped from captivity and is in ...
Romulus' new name once he became a god =
a place to live

The story of Romulus and Remus is classed as a legend, yet much of the early history of Rome remains unknown to us.

Although we cannot count on legends to be historically accurate, they are still useful.

Legends tell us about the people of the time; what sort of qualities they admired, their beliefs and the values they wished to pass onto their ancestors.

 

In your own words, what do you think the Romans admired about the legend of Romulus and Remus?

  • Question 1

According to Ancient Roman legend, Princess Rhea had twin boys, Romulus and Remus, their father was Mars, the god of war.

Rhea had an incredibly jealous uncle who had stolen the throne from her father and he ordered for the twin boys to be drowned in the River Tiber.

However, a servant felt desperately sorry for the twins so he put them in a basket, allowing them to float down the river. He hoped someone would save them.

 

After carefully reading the first part of the legend, complete the blank spaces below.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on retrieving key information from the first of the story? When reading a text such as a legend, it is important to pay attention to the names of the different characters to help you to understand the plot of the story.
  • Question 2

According to Ancient Roman legend, Princess Rhea had twin boys, Romulus and Remus, their father was Mars, the god of war.

Rhea had an incredibly jealous uncle who had stolen the throne from her father and he ordered for the twin boys to be drowned in the River Tiber.

However, a servant felt desperately sorry for the twins so he put them in a basket, allowing them to float down the river and hoped someone would save them.

 

Why do you think the King ordered that the twin boys be murdered?

CORRECT ANSWER
He was worried the boys could take his throne from him
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? The King wanted to get rid of the twins because he knew once they were grown men, they would pose a threat to him and his rule. He didn't want to risk that, so he carried out the terrible order to murder them.
  • Question 3

The boys floated down the River Tiber until they came to rest at the foot of a huge hill. 

A she-wolf found the boys and nurtured them with her milk; she cared for the lost boys.

After some time, a shepherd named Faustulus found the twin boys and took them home to raise them as his own children.

He and his wife adopted them.

 

Who discovered Romulus and Remus first when they were washed ashore after floating down the River Tiber?

CORRECT ANSWER
A she-wolf
EDDIE SAYS
The first creature to find and save Romulus and Remus, once they were washed ashore, was the she-wolf. If she had not given them her milk, the boys would not have survived.
  • Question 4

The boys floated down the River Tiber until they came to rest at the foot of a huge hill. 

A she-wolf found the boys and nurtured them with her milk; she cared for the lost boys.

After some time, a shepherd named Faustulus found the twin boys and took them home to raise them as his own children.

He and his wife adopted them.

 

Why do you think Faustulus decided to help the boys by adopting them?

CORRECT ANSWER
 He liked their hairHe wasn't afraid of the KingHe hoped they could help him as they grew upHe thought they were magical
Why did Faustulus help the boys?
EDDIE SAYS
Being a shepherd in Ancient Roman times was very hard work! Faustulus hoped that as the boys grew, they would become strong and be able to help him by becoming shepherds.
  • Question 5

Romulus and Remus did indeed grow up to help their adopted father and also became shepherds.

Soon, they learned of their true heritage and what their cruel Uncle had done.

They vowed to take revenge before they overthrew their Uncle by murdering him.

 

What does the word 'heritage' mean?

CORRECT ANSWER
The background you come from
EDDIE SAYS
How did you find this vocabulary based question? Your family heritage refers to the background you come from. This can include information about your ethnicity or characteristics that are passed down from one generation to the next.
  • Question 6

Following the death of their uncle, Romulus and Remus decided they wanted a new challenge so they travelled back to the place where their adopted father had found them.

They chose to build a city on the very spot where they were found, it was to be a place where those who were homeless could live.

They, of course, had once been homeless and wanted to help others in the same situation.

However, the boys argued greatly about how to build the city; particularly about the height of the city walls!

The twins agreed to wait for a sign from the gods to help them settle their argument.

 

Can you match the fragmented statements correctly?

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

After the death of their uncle, R...
a new challenge
They decided to build a city
to help homeless people
The twins could not agree on how ...
they wanted walls of different he...
They decided that
only the gods could help them to ...
EDDIE SAYS
This type of question requires you to carefully read the passage, remember to always read it at least twice!
  • Question 7

The twin boys did receive a sign, at dawn they saw vultures flying high in the sky.

However, they couldn't even agree on how many vultures there were!

The boys began to fight once again and in a terrible rage, Romulus killed Remus.

With Remus gone, Romulus built his city, he became the sole ruler of this new place that stood over seven hills.

He named the city after himself- Rome.

The year according to the legend was 753BC.

 

In the box below, explain how you think Romulus would have felt now his city was built and his brother was dead.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
This type of question requires you to show inference skills and empathise with the character. Romulus would certainly have regretted murdering his own brother over a silly argument because he lost his temper. His brother had been his best friend. Nonetheless, he would also have felt great pride in the fact that he had achieved the huge accomplishment of building his own city.
  • Question 8

The twin boys did receive a sign, at dawn they saw vultures flying high in the sky.

However, they couldn't even agree on how many vultures there were!

The boys began to fight once again and in a terrible rage, Romulus killed Remus.

With Remus gone, Romulus built his city, he became the sole ruler of this new place that stood over seven hills.

He named the city after himself- Rome.

The year according to the legend was 753BC.

 

Which of the twin brothers had the worst temper?

CORRECT ANSWER
Romulus
EDDIE SAYS
Romulus certainly had the worst temper as he murdered Remus in a rage due to an argument over something very insignificant, the number of vultures in the sky.
  • Question 9

In the early days, the citizens of Rome were an undesirable bunch!

Most of them were outlaws and fugitives, banned from other dwellings.

Romulus ruled Rome for many decades.

Rumour has it that he did not die of old age but instead was taken up to the heavens during a violent storm and made a god.

His people began to worship him and renamed him Quirinus.

 

Can you accurately match the words below with the correct meaning?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Dwelling =
a place to live
Fugitive =
a person who has escaped from cap...
Undesirable =
not wanted because unpleasant
Romulus' new name once he became ...
Quirinus
EDDIE SAYS
How did you find this exercise of vocabulary? Reading comprehension is a fantastic way to build up your vocabulary. Try to remember a new word from each comprehension you do and then include it in your own writing to impress!
  • Question 10

The story of Romulus and Remus is classed as a legend, yet much of the early history of Rome remains unknown to us.

Although we cannot count on legends to be historically accurate, they are still useful.

Legends tell us about the people of the time; what sort of qualities they admired, their beliefs and the values they wished to pass onto their ancestors.

 

In your own words, what do you think the Romans admired about the legend of Romulus and Remus?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
For this type of question, you need to be able to give your opinion. Here are some examples as to why the Romans may have admired the story of Romulus and Remus: A shepherd was very kind to the orphan boys. The boys took revenge upon their evil Uncle. Romulus built an outstanding city from scratch that still stands today. Romulus was made into a god and is worshipped by his people. Great focus! You've come to the end of this activity.
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