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Know Your Prefixes: micro- and photo-

In this worksheet, students learn and practise spelling words with the prefixes micro- and photo-.

'Know Your Prefixes: micro- and photo-' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Transcription

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Prefixes and Suffixes

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Many words in English are based on the same root words, and knowing what these mean can help us with spellings.

 

The prefixes 'photo-' and 'micro-' come from Greek words meaning 'light' and 'small'.

camera

A photograph is a picture recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material.

A microlight is a small aeroplane that usually has no more than two seats.

Match these terms with their definitions. You may need to use a dictionary if the words are unfamiliar to you.

 

Pay close attention to the spellings as you will need them in later questions!

Column A

Column B

Microphone
An instrument that magnifies very small objects to...
Microwave
The design and production of very small parts for ...
Microscope
An instrument that converts sound waves into elect...
Microelectronics
An electromagnetic wave that can be used for cooki...

Match these terms with their definitions. You may need to use a dictionary if the words are unfamiliar to you.

 

Pay close attention to the spellings as you will need them in later questions!

Column A

Column B

Photocopy
The process used by green plants to make food
Photosynthesis
A copy of a printed material made by a machine usi...
Photogenic
Looking good in a photograph or film

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

You should always carry a __________ of your passport when you are abroad in case it gets stolen.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

That's a lovely picture of Rosie. She's so __________.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Jonny took a wonderful ________ of the sunset with his new camera.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Mushrooms don't make food using __________ because they are fungi and not green plants.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Jamila has a very quiet voice so she used a __________ when she made her speech.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

If you look at the crystals under a __________ you can see their beautiful patterns.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

We're in a bit of a hurry this evening so we'll __________ our baked potatoes instead of doing them in the oven.

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

My grandad went up in a __________ as a treat for his 70th birthday. He said it was much more exciting than flying in a big plane.

  • Question 1

Match these terms with their definitions. You may need to use a dictionary if the words are unfamiliar to you.

 

Pay close attention to the spellings as you will need them in later questions!

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Microphone
An instrument that converts sound...
Microwave
An electromagnetic wave that can ...
Microscope
An instrument that magnifies very...
Microelectronics
The design and production of very...
EDDIE SAYS
The word 'microphone' may not seem to have anything to do with being small, but it originally referred to an ear trumpet which made small sounds louder for people who were hard of hearing.
  • Question 2

Match these terms with their definitions. You may need to use a dictionary if the words are unfamiliar to you.

 

Pay close attention to the spellings as you will need them in later questions!

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Photocopy
A copy of a printed material made...
Photosynthesis
The process used by green plants ...
Photogenic
Looking good in a photograph or f...
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix 'photo' means something to do with 'light'
  • Question 3

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

You should always carry a __________ of your passport when you are abroad in case it gets stolen.

CORRECT ANSWER
photocopy
EDDIE SAYS
Great effort! The word 'photocopy' means when written or printed material is produced by a process of light on another material.
  • Question 4

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

That's a lovely picture of Rosie. She's so __________.

CORRECT ANSWER
photogenic
EDDIE SAYS
The word 'photogenic' means when someone is looking attractive in a photo or film. Keep up the great effort!
  • Question 5

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Jonny took a wonderful ________ of the sunset with his new camera.

CORRECT ANSWER
photograph
EDDIE SAYS
You've got this! A 'photograph' again refers to the theme of light. It is a a picture that is taken with a camera. The image is focused onto light-sensitive material and is made permanent using special chemicals.
  • Question 6

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Mushrooms don't make food using __________ because they are fungi and not green plants.

CORRECT ANSWER
photosynthesis
EDDIE SAYS
High five! 'Photosynthesis' is the name given to the process when green plants use sunlight to absorb nutrients from carbon dioxide and water.
  • Question 7

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

Jamila has a very quiet voice so she used a __________ when she made her speech.

CORRECT ANSWER
microphone
EDDIE SAYS
The prefix 'micro' refers to things being small. 'Microphone' is an instrument that converts sound into electrical energy which can then be transmitted.
  • Question 8

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

If you look at the crystals under a __________ you can see their beautiful patterns.

CORRECT ANSWER
microscope
EDDIE SAYS
Again here the word 'microscope' is linked to the idea of something small. A 'microphone' is an instrument used to look at very small things. You've got this!
  • Question 9

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

We're in a bit of a hurry this evening so we'll __________ our baked potatoes instead of doing them in the oven.

CORRECT ANSWER
microwave
EDDIE SAYS
Have you got the hang of this now? A 'microwave' uses electromagnetic waves to heat things.
  • Question 10

Write the missing word to complete the sentence. Think carefully about the spellings!

 

My grandad went up in a __________ as a treat for his 70th birthday. He said it was much more exciting than flying in a big plane.

CORRECT ANSWER
microlight
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! A 'microlight' is a very small and light aircraft.
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