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Co-ordinating and Subordinating conjunctions: Making a Distinction

In this worksheet, students practise identifying co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions in sentences.

'Co-ordinating and Subordinating conjunctions: Making a Distinction' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:  Grammar and Vocabulary

Curriculum subtopic:  Extend and Apply Grammatical Knowledge

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A conjunction is a word that links two clauses in a sentence.

Peter likes football but Josh likes rugby.

I stayed indoors because it was raining.

 

Some conjunctions are called co-ordinating conjunctions. They link clauses in compound sentences, where both clauses are equally important and one clause does not depend on the other. Co-ordinating conjunctions include and, or and but.

I love swimming and I love diving.

I may go outside but I may stay indoors.

 

Conjunctions that are used in complex sentences are called subordinating conjunctions. (A complex sentence is a sentence with a main clause and a subordinate clause.)

Subordinating conjunctions come at the beginning of the subordinate clause and include words such as because, although, unless and whenever.

We went to the beach although it was raining.

Joe was tired because he stayed up late last night.

Whenever it snows, we go outside and build a snowman.

 

In this worksheet you can practise identifying co-ordinating and subordinating clauses in sentences.

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Katie loves ballet but Sarah prefers tap dancing.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Carly cries whenever she watches a sad film.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Although she is very small, Petra is good at high jump.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

You can go out to play when you have finished your work.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Iona might go to Disneyworld this summer or she might go on a cruise.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Michael sometimes forgets to clean his teeth before he goes to bed.

co-ordinating conjunction

subordinating conjunction

A co-ordinating conjunction always comes between the clauses it is joining together.

Jayden likes tea but Billy prefers coffee.

(Not: But Billy prefers coffee Jayden likes tea.)

 

However, a subordinating conjunction can also come at the start of the sentence.

Neela stayed in bed because she felt poorly.

Because she felt poorly, Neela stayed in bed.

A comma is used to separate the clauses when the sentence begins with a conjunction.

 

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

Jake stayed at home because he had a cold.

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

You can go out this evening provided you are home by nine o'clock.

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

Richard had to move house because his dad had a new job in Leeds.

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

The dentist gave Mia an injection before she had her filling.

  • Question 1

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Katie loves ballet but Sarah prefers tap dancing.

CORRECT ANSWER
co-ordinating conjunction
  • Question 2

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Carly cries whenever she watches a sad film.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinating conjunction
  • Question 3

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Although she is very small, Petra is good at high jump.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinating conjunction
  • Question 4

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

You can go out to play when you have finished your work.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinating conjunction
  • Question 5

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Iona might go to Disneyworld this summer or she might go on a cruise.

CORRECT ANSWER
co-ordinating conjunction
  • Question 6

Which type of conjunction is the underlined word in the following sentence?

 

Michael sometimes forgets to clean his teeth before he goes to bed.

CORRECT ANSWER
subordinating conjunction
  • Question 7

A co-ordinating conjunction always comes between the clauses it is joining together.

Jayden likes tea but Billy prefers coffee.

(Not: But Billy prefers coffee Jayden likes tea.)

 

However, a subordinating conjunction can also come at the start of the sentence.

Neela stayed in bed because she felt poorly.

Because she felt poorly, Neela stayed in bed.

A comma is used to separate the clauses when the sentence begins with a conjunction.

 

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

Jake stayed at home because he had a cold.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because he had a cold, Jake stayed at home.
Because Jake had a cold, he stayed at home.
  • Question 8

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

You can go out this evening provided you are home by nine o'clock.

CORRECT ANSWER
Provided you are home by nine o'clock, you can go out this evening.
  • Question 9

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

Richard had to move house because his dad had a new job in Leeds.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because his dad had a new job in Leeds, Richard had to move house.
Because Richard's dad had a new job in Leeds, he had to move house.
  • Question 10

Write out the following sentence again, beginning with the subordinating conjunction. (Make sure that you don't alter the meaning of the sentence!)

 

The dentist gave Mia an injection before she had her filling.

CORRECT ANSWER
Before she had her filling, the dentist gave Mia an injection.
Before Mia had her filling, the dentist gave her an injection.
---- OR ----

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