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Apply Understanding of Language Techniques to 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' and Analyse The Effect

In this worksheet, students will identify the language techniques used in both 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' and explain their effect on the reader.

'Apply Understanding of Language Techniques to 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' and Analyse The Effect' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'The Emigree'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'The Emigree' by Carol Rumens and 'The Prelude' by William Wordsworth. Both of these poems can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

 

suitcasewooden boat with paddles

 

 

 

Both 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' describe the effect that power can have on people. 'The Emigree' describes the power that people can have, whereas 'The Prelude' explores the power of nature. Both poems look at power through a child's perspective.

 

The poems focus on the main themes of power, nature, conflict and regret.

 

In the following questions, you will compare the language techniques used in both poems.

 

aeroplane

 

 

In order to identify the comparisons in 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude', we need to understand the meaning of both poems. Read the poem 'The Emigree' and match the questions to the answers below.

 

Column A

Column B

When did the narrator leave her home country?
She looks back on it with affection and feel bad t...
What is wrong with the country she left behind?
It is at war and she has no passport
Why can't the narrator go back to her country?
When she was a child
How does the narrator feel about her country?
It is at war and ruled by tyrants

boat

 

Now read the poem 'The Prelude' and match the questions to the answers below.

Column A

Column B

What season is it in the poem?
He feels confident and powerful
How does the narrator get the boat?
He feels insignificant and small compared to the p...
How does he feel when he first sets out in the boa...
He sees a huge mountain
What happens to frighten him?
He steals it
How does the narrator feel at the end of the poem?
Summer

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices so that we know what we are looking for in the poems.

 

 

writing paper

 

 

Match the language device to the definition.

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Comparing two or more objects with the words 'like...
Simile
Direct comparison of two things without using the ...
Onomatopoeia
Words beginning with the same letter sounds
Metaphor
Two words placed together with different meanings ...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or animal with huma...
Oxymoron
Words which sound like the effect they describe

Both poems use personification to compare imagery.

 

Personification = Describing an inanimate object or animal with human qualities.

 

mountain

 

The quotations below are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one quotation which you think is an example of personification.

 

"It may by now be a lie..."

"I have no passport..."

"It may be sick with tyrants..."

"There’s no way back at all..."

'The Prelude' also uses personification to make the mountain appear scary.

 

 

mountain

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one that you think is an example of personification.

 

"Nothing but the stars..."

"Strode after me..."

"A little boat..."

"Small circles glittering..."

Both 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' use a simile to describe the power of nature.

 

Simile = Comparing two things using the words 'like' or 'as'.

 

 

water waves

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one that you think is an example of a simile.

 

"I have no passport..."

"The white streets..."

"...close like waves"

'The Prelude' also uses a simile to describe how the narrator rows his boat.

 

 

boat with oars

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one that you think is an example of a simile.

 

"Heaving through the water like a swan..."

"Small circles glittering..."

"The horizon’s bound..."

Both poems use repetition to emphasise a particular emotion.

 

Repetition = Repeating the same word or sound at least twice.

 

The following quotations are all from 'The Emigree'. Choose one which you think is an example of repetition.

 

"It may be at war, it may be sick with tyrants"

"I have no passport, There’s no way back at all"

"It lies down in front of me, docile as paper"

The poem 'The Prelude' also uses repetition to describe the power of nature.

 

 

summer lake

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one which you think is an example of a simile.

 

"A huge peak, black and huge..."

"Towered up between me..."

"...and measured motion"

The following quotation is an example of personification:

 

"It lies down in front of me, docile as paper".

 


Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

  • Question 1

aeroplane

 

 

In order to identify the comparisons in 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude', we need to understand the meaning of both poems. Read the poem 'The Emigree' and match the questions to the answers below.

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

When did the narrator leave her h...
When she was a child
What is wrong with the country sh...
It is at war and ruled by tyrants
Why can't the narrator go back to...
It is at war and she has no passp...
How does the narrator feel about ...
She looks back on it with affecti...
EDDIE SAYS
'The Emigree' has a deep sense of conflict in terms of emotions and memory, the poet is torn between her childhood memories of a country she loved and, her adult understanding of what her country is like now. She cannot believe that her county is now a terrible place full of war and destruction.
  • Question 2

boat

 

Now read the poem 'The Prelude' and match the questions to the answers below.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

What season is it in the poem?
Summer
How does the narrator get the boa...
He steals it
How does he feel when he first se...
He feels confident and powerful
What happens to frighten him?
He sees a huge mountain
How does the narrator feel at the...
He feels insignificant and small ...
EDDIE SAYS
The poem 'The Prelude' explores the idea of man vs nature - in which nature is always the winner! The poem starts with the narrator feeling confident as he rows out into the middle of the lake and finishes with him feeling scared and traumatised when he realises that nature is more dangerous and powerful.
  • Question 3

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices so that we know what we are looking for in the poems.

 

 

writing paper

 

 

Match the language device to the definition.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words beginning with the same let...
Simile
Comparing two or more objects wit...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect...
Metaphor
Direct comparison of two things w...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or...
Oxymoron
Two words placed together with di...
EDDIE SAYS
Well done if you matched them all! Language devices are a great way for poets to create imagery and set the tone. They also get you more marks in the exam, if you can identify them! Remember to always look out for language devices and try to use them when you are analysing a quotation.
  • Question 4

Both poems use personification to compare imagery.

 

Personification = Describing an inanimate object or animal with human qualities.

 

mountain

 

The quotations below are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one quotation which you think is an example of personification.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"It may be sick with tyrants..."
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "It may be sick with tyrants" is an example of personification as it gives the country the human characteristic of being "sick". The narrator is suggesting that the new rulers of her country are causing great harm and damage.
  • Question 5

'The Prelude' also uses personification to make the mountain appear scary.

 

 

mountain

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one that you think is an example of personification.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"Strode after me..."
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Strode after me" is an example of personification as it gives the mountain the verb "strode" which is a method of walking (with long strides) usually associated with humans. It also makes the mountain sound scarier, as if it were chasing after the narrator.
  • Question 6

Both 'The Emigree' and 'The Prelude' use a simile to describe the power of nature.

 

Simile = Comparing two things using the words 'like' or 'as'.

 

 

water waves

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one that you think is an example of a simile.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"...close like waves"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "close like waves" is an example of a simile as it compares the way the narrator's memories come to her as 'waves'. This suggests that her memories are never-ending and are similar to nature.
  • Question 7

'The Prelude' also uses a simile to describe how the narrator rows his boat.

 

 

boat with oars

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one that you think is an example of a simile.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"Heaving through the water like a swan..."
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Heaving through the water like a swan" is an example of a simile as it compares the narrator's movements to a swan. This suggests that at the start of the poem he is confident and skilled - he feels powerful.
  • Question 8

Both poems use repetition to emphasise a particular emotion.

 

Repetition = Repeating the same word or sound at least twice.

 

The following quotations are all from 'The Emigree'. Choose one which you think is an example of repetition.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"It may be at war, it may be sick with tyrants"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "It may be at war, it may be sick with tyrants" is an example of repetition as the phrase "it may be" is repeated twice. Here, the poet is trying to emphasise that she doesn't care, of fully believe, what 'may be' happening in her country. To her, the country will always be associated with positive memories.
  • Question 9

The poem 'The Prelude' also uses repetition to describe the power of nature.

 

 

summer lake

 

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Prelude'. Choose one which you think is an example of a simile.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"A huge peak, black and huge..."
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "A huge peak, black and huge" is an example of repetition as it repeats the word 'huge'. This is to emphasise how the narrator feels when he gets closer to the mountain. He is shocked by the size of the mountain and cannot believe how big it is.
  • Question 10

The following quotation is an example of personification:

 

"It lies down in front of me, docile as paper".

 


Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The narrator describes her sadness over the loss of her original language, which she now feels is useless. She uses a simile to describe how her language "lies down in front of me, docile as paper" which creates the impression that her language is "docile" and is under the control of her new country where it doesn't mean anything. She also personifies her language by saying it "lies down in front of me" which makes it seem like her language has given up.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation.

Try it ---- OR ----

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