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Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Key Themes in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland.

In this worksheet, students will examine how the key themes are presented, and evaluate their effectiveness, in the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland.

'Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Key Themes in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland.' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland, which can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

 

plane

The poem tells the story of a Japanese kamikaze pilot who failed to carry out his suicide mission and instead returned home in dishonour. The poem includes the perspective of his daughter, imagining how she told the story in turn to her own children.

 

The main themes of the poem include Conflict, Patriotism, Nature and Memories.

 

In the following questions, you will be asked about the poet presents these key themes and evaluate their effectiveness. 

 

falling plane

 

 

In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the themes in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

 

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose.
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot.

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

 

The poem explores the impact of conflict on innocent people.

The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them.

The poem explores how family is the only thing that really matters.

A main theme in the poem is conflict. Read the following quotation:

 

"Enough fuel for a one-way journey into history"

 

plane loading up

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

This quotation makes the reader worry for the pilot, who may not have enough fuel

This quotation creates a sense of pride for the pilot

This quotation shocks the reader, as it indicates that the pilot is on a suicide mission

The theme of internal conflict is used again in the following quotation:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

 

It creates a vulnerable image which convinces the pilot that the task will be easy

It creates a beautiful image, which makes the pilot struggle with his decision to destroy it

It creates the impression that the boats might get in the way of the pilot's mission

Another theme in the poem is Patriotism which is shown in the following quotation:

 

"A shaven head full of powerful incantations"

 

Can you match the phrases to their effect?

Column A

Column B

Shaven head
Creates a military image, as all pilots would have...
Powerful incantations
Creates the impression that the pilot is under the...

The theme of patriotism is again used in the following quotation:

 

"My mother never spoke again"

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

 

This creates the impression that the mother was angry at first

This creates the impression that the mother was too shocked to speak to the pilot

This creates the impression that the mother values her country above the life of her husband

The theme of nature is presented in the following quotation:

 

 "fishes flashing silver"

 

 

underwater sea

 

What is the effect of this quotation?

 

 

 

It creates the impression that the pilot is blinded by the sun

It creates the impression that the pilot does not care about what he is about to destroy

It creates the impression that the pilot values the nature below him

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze':

 

"Arching in swathes like a huge flag" 

 

Can you evaluate the effect of this quotation on the reader?

 


For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

The theme of memories is created in the following quotation:

 

"Remembered how he and his brothers waiting on the shore"

 

pebbles on beach

 

What is the effect of this quotation?

It creates the impression that the pilot remembers the beach

It creates the impression that the pilot is linking himself to the people below

It creates the impression that the pilot wishes he was a child again

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze':

 

"Bringing their fathers boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

boat

Can you evaluate the effect of this quotation on the reader?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain in deeper detail.

  • Question 1

falling plane

 

 

In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the themes in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a Kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them.
EDDIE SAYS
Did you choose the right one? The poem 'Kamikaze' explores the theme of conflict in two ways. Firstly, there is the actual conflict that the fighter pilot is part of and feels a connection to at the start of the poem. Secondly, there is the internal conflict that the pilot feels when he realises the destruction he is about to cause. He knows that if he returns that he will never be forgiven, but he also cannot bring himself to crash the plane.
  • Question 3

A main theme in the poem is conflict. Read the following quotation:

 

"Enough fuel for a one-way journey into history"

 

plane loading up

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

CORRECT ANSWER
This quotation shocks the reader, as it indicates that the pilot is on a suicide mission
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "enough fuel for a one-way journey into history" shocks the reader and creates the impression that this is a suicide mission that the pilot will not return from. This is what it meant to be a 'Kamikaze'. We know that the pilot is part of violent conflict.
  • Question 4

The theme of internal conflict is used again in the following quotation:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
It creates a beautiful image, which makes the pilot struggle with his decision to destroy it
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Little fishing boats strung out like bunting" relates to the theme of Conflict, this time internal conflict. The pilot is torn between his earlier determination to carry out his mission and his new desire to not destroy the beautiful image of nature below him. The pilot links the image to his own memories of his home and family, who also made money from fishing. He has to decide which option to take.
  • Question 5

Another theme in the poem is Patriotism which is shown in the following quotation:

 

"A shaven head full of powerful incantations"

 

Can you match the phrases to their effect?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Shaven head
Creates a military image, as all ...
Powerful incantations
Creates the impression that the p...
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "A shaven head full of powerful incantations" supports the idea of patriotism, as it describes how the fighter pilot felt as he set off on his journey. His "shaven head" was part of the army uniform and "incantations" are sayings which he would have been repeating to show his love for his country as a good luck charm. At the start of the poem, he is willing to give his life for his country.
  • Question 6

The theme of patriotism is again used in the following quotation:

 

"My mother never spoke again"

 

What is the effect of this quotation? 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
This creates the impression that the mother values her country above the life of her husband
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? The quotation "my mother never spoke again" is linked to the theme of patriotism, as it shows how important it was to fight for your country. The family that the pilot left behind were also patriotic, and the mother was willing to lose her husband for her country. This shocks the reader as it shows that the mother values her country more than her husband.
  • Question 7

The theme of nature is presented in the following quotation:

 

 "fishes flashing silver"

 

 

underwater sea

 

What is the effect of this quotation?

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
It creates the impression that the pilot values the nature below him
EDDIE SAYS
The words "flashing silver" are used to describe how astounded the pilot is by the beauty and value of what he views below. The word "flashing" creates the impression of jewels sparkling and "silver" is a reference to precious metal. The violence that he set out with suddenly seems unimportant, compared to the sea and wildlife below him. The sea seems much more important than the politics and violence of war, and he is unable to cause destruction to something so valuable.
  • Question 8

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze':

 

"Arching in swathes like a huge flag" 

 

Can you evaluate the effect of this quotation on the reader?

 


For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: Although the pilot is full of determination to cause destruction, he is taken aback by the image of nature. He describes the fish below with the simile "Arching in swathes like a huge flag" and it once again shows to the pilot the beauty of the world around him. Comparing the fish to a flag creates an image of the movement of the fish and the word "huge" suggests that the pilot is shocked by the amount of fish below him and how powerful they seem in their numbers. It creates the impression that the pilot has kinder feelings, other than the violence of war. He has a respect for nature and people.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that the a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation

  • Question 9

The theme of memories is created in the following quotation:

 

"Remembered how he and his brothers waiting on the shore"

 

pebbles on beach

 

What is the effect of this quotation?

CORRECT ANSWER
It creates the impression that the pilot is linking himself to the people below
EDDIE SAYS
This was a tricky one! The quotation "remembered how he and his brothers waiting on the shore" supports the theme of memories as it describes an image from the pilot's childhood, when he remembers playing on the beach with his brothers. This memory makes him reconsider what he is about to do, as he imagines the innocent people who may be doing a similar thing below.
  • Question 10

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze':

 

"Bringing their fathers boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

boat

Can you evaluate the effect of this quotation on the reader?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain in deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The pilot links the scene below to his own memories of being part of a fishing village as a child. He remembers "Bringing their father's boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe" and the repetition of the word "safe" emphasises how lucky the pilot was to have his father return and how unlucky a family will be if he decides to carry out his mission. He is now thinking of the fathers on the boats below him, who might also have families waiting at home and this creates a feeling of guilt.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that the student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation

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