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Practise Using Addition and Subtraction Family Groups

In this worksheet, students will show understanding that addition and subtraction are inverses and each fact has three other related facts.

'Practise Using Addition and Subtraction Family Groups' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Curriculum topic:   Number: Addition and Subtraction

Curriculum subtopic:   Understand Relationship Between Addition and Subtraction

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

This activity is all about families.

 

a family

 

No, not that sort of family -  maths families!

 

Addition and subtraction family facts normally come in fours

There are two addition facts and two subtraction facts.

 

If we know just one of them, we can always work out the other three.

 

If we know the addition fact that

3 + 5 = 8

we can say that the other addition fact in this family is

5 + 3 = 8

 

The subtraction facts in this family will be

8 - 5 = 3

and

8 - 3 = 5

 

Got that?

 

carrot thumbs up

 

Example

What are the three related family facts for...?

15 + 18 = 33

 

Answer

For the other addition fact, just reverse the first two numbers.

The other addition fact in this family is

18 + 15 = 33

 

For the subtraction fact, we start with the biggest number.

The subtraction facts in this family will be

33 - 15 = 18

and

33 - 18 = 15

 

Easy stuff, yes? Let's have a go at some questions now.

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