In this activity, we will learn about multiplying by 3.

To multiply by three, we can use **repeated addition.**

Here are 3 cats in a group.

Let's think about what happens if we have 4 groups of 3 cats and we want to find the total!

We could count the cats one by one but this would take a while.

Instead, let's use repeated addition to show the total.

4 groups of 3 looks like this as repeated addition

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12

There are 12 cats in total!

Now let's try an example of multiplying by 3, using repeated addition.

**Example**

There are 9 pots.

Each pot has 3 flowers.

We want to work out how many flowers there are in total.

What is **9 times 3**?

**Answer**

In total, there are 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 27 flowers.

What is 3 times 9?

3 × 9 = **27**

9 × 3 = **27**

Now that you understand repeated addition, let's try some more questions.