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Multiply by 3, using repeated addition

In this worksheet, students learn to multiply by 3.

'Multiply by 3, using repeated addition' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Multiplication and Division

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Multiplication/Division Facts (3, 4 and 8)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we will learn about multiplying by 3.

 

To multiply by three, we can use repeated addition.

 

Here are 3 cats in a group. 

 

3 cats

 

Let's think about what happens if we have 4 groups of 3 cats and we want to find the total!

 

3 cats 3 cats 3 cats 3 cats

 

We could count the cats one by one but this would take a while. 

 

Instead, let's use repeated addition to show the total. 

4 groups of 3 looks like this as repeated addition

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12

There are 12 cats in total!

 

Now let's try an example of multiplying by 3, using repeated addition. 

 

Example

There are 9 pots.

Each pot has 3 flowers.

 

3 flowers

 

We want to work out how many flowers there are in total.

What is 9 times 3?

 

Answer

In total, there are 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3  = 27 flowers.

What is 3 times 9?

3 × 9 = 27

9 × 3 = 27

 

Now that you understand repeated addition, let's try some more questions. 

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