In this activity, we will be learning to read the exact time on an analogue clock, using the position of the hands.

Clocks have an hour hand and a minute hand (and sometimes a second hand)

The hour hand is shorter than the minute hand.

Let's try an example question.

**Example**

What time is shown on this clock?

**Answer**

This time can be read in several ways:

The hour hand is **between** the 11 and 12, but it is much **closer** to the 12.

So we know that the time is **just before 12 o'clock.**

The minute hand is pointing **exactly** at the 9.

Each number on the clock face represents 5 minutes, so the 9 represents 9 x 5 minutes, which is **45 minutes** past the last hour or 15 minutes to the next hour.

There are 60 minutes in one hour and one-quarter of 60 is 15, so when the minute hand points to the 9, we can also say that the time is **'quarter to'.**

The most common ways to write the time shown are:

**11:45 **** **or** quarter to 12 **

You might also say:

**15 minutes to 12 **or** 45 minutes past 11.**

These would be correct, but less common ways of telling the time.

Now it's time to try some questions yourself!

Are you ready?