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Multiply Four-Digit Numbers by a One-Digit Number

In this worksheet, student use a column method to multiply four-digit numbers by a one-digit number

'Multiply Four-Digit Numbers by a One-Digit Number' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Multiplication and Division

Curriculum subtopic:   Multiply Numbers to Four Digits

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we will learn about the multiplication of two numbers.

 

 Horses

 

e.g. There are 3136 horses. Each horse has 4 legs. How many legs are there altogether?

 

Answer:

Number of legs = 3136 × 4

 

Step 1: Multiply the thousands by 4. 

4 x 3000 = 12000

 

Step 2: Multiply the hundreds by 4.

4 x 100 = 400

 

Step 3: Multiply the tens by 4.

4 x 30 = 120

 

Step 4: Multiply the ones by 4.

4 x 6 = 24

 

Step 5: Add the answers altogether.

12000 + 400 + 120 + 24 = 12 544

 

×   3 1 3 6  
        4
4 × 3000  1 2 0 0 0
4 × 100      4 0 0
4 × 30      1 2 0
4 × 6        2 4
  1 2 5 4 4

 

So there are 12,544 legs altogether.

Want to understand this further and learn how this links to other topics in maths

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