Multiply Four-Digit Numbers by a One-Digit Number

In this worksheet, student use a column method to multiply four-digit numbers by a one-digit number

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Multiplication and Division

Curriculum subtopic:   Multiply Numbers to Four Digits

Difficulty level:

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this activity, we will learn about the multiplication of two numbers.

e.g. There are 3136 horses. Each horse has 4 legs. How many legs are there altogether?

Number of legs = 3136 × 4

Step 1: Multiply the thousands by 4.

4 x 3000 = 12000

Step 2: Multiply the hundreds by 4.

4 x 100 = 400

Step 3: Multiply the tens by 4.

4 x 30 = 120

Step 4: Multiply the ones by 4.

4 x 6 = 24

12000 + 400 + 120 + 24 = 12 544

 × 3 1 3 6 4 4 × 3000 1 2 0 0 0 4 × 100 4 0 0 4 × 30 1 2 0 4 × 6 2 4 1 2 5 4 4

So there are 12,544 legs altogether.

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Work out

1434 × 5 = _______

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1496 × 7 = _______

Work out this multiplication

6158 × 3 = _______

Work out this product

5036 × 8 = _______

Work out this product

7891 × 5 = _______

What is

3133 × 4 = _______

Work out

4904 × 5 = _______

What is the value of

7008 × 3 = _______

There are 2084 spiders in a large room.  Each spider has 8 legs.  How many legs are there altogether?

2084 × 8 = _______ legs

A car manufacturer makes 5032 cars.  How many wheels must the manufacturer buy to put on the cars?

5032 × 4 = _______ wheels

• Question 1

Work out

1434 × 5 = _______

7170
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 5 x 1000 = 5000 Step 2. 5 x 400 = 2000 Step 3. 5 x 30 = 150 Step 4. 5 x 4 = 20 Step 5. Add 5000 + 2000 + 150 + 20 = 7170
• Question 2

Work out

1496 × 7 = _______

10472
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 7 x 1000 = 7000 Step 2. 7 x 400 = 2800 Step 3. 7 x 90 = 630 Step 4. 7 x 6 = 42 Step 5. Add 7000 + 2800 + 630 + 42 = 10472
• Question 3

Work out this multiplication

6158 × 3 = _______

18474
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 3 x 6000 = 18000 Step 2. 3 x 100 = 300 Step 3. 3 x 50 = 150 Step 4. 3 x 8 = 24 Step 5. Add 18000 + 300 + 150 + 24 = 18 474
• Question 4

Work out this product

5036 × 8 = _______

40288
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 8 x 5000 = 40000 Step 2. 8 x 0 = 0 Step 3. 8 x 30 = 240 Step 4. 8 x 6 = 48 Step 5. Add 40000 + 0 + 240 + 48 = 40 288
• Question 5

Work out this product

7891 × 5 = _______

39455
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 5 x 7000 = 35000 Step 2. 5 x 800 = 4000 Step 3. 5 x 90 = 450 Step 4. 5 x 1 = 5 Step 5. Add 35000 + 4000 + 450 + 5 = 39 455
• Question 6

What is

3133 × 4 = _______

12532
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 4 x 3000 = 12000 Step 2. 4 x 100 = 400 Step 3. 4 x 30 = 120 Step 4. 4 x 3 = 12 Step 5. Add 12000 + 400 + 120 + 12 = 12 532
• Question 7

Work out

4904 × 5 = _______

24520
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 5 x 4000 = 20000 Step 2. 5 x 900 = 4500 Step 3. 5 x 0 = 0 Step 4. 5 x 4 = 20 Step 5. Add 20000 + 4500 + 0 + 20 = 24 520
• Question 8

What is the value of

7008 × 3 = _______

21024
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 3 x 7000 = 21000 Step 2. 3 x 0 = 0 Step 3. 3 x 0 = 0 Step 4. 3 x 8 = 24 Step 5. Add 21000 + 0 + 0 + 24 = 21 024
• Question 9

There are 2084 spiders in a large room.  Each spider has 8 legs.  How many legs are there altogether?

2084 × 8 = _______ legs

16672
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 8 x 2000 = 16000 Step 2. 8 x 0 = 0 Step 3. 8 x 80 = 640 Step 4. 8 x 4 = 32 Step 5. Add 16000 + 0 + 640 + 32 = 16 672
• Question 10

A car manufacturer makes 5032 cars.  How many wheels must the manufacturer buy to put on the cars?

5032 × 4 = _______ wheels

20128
EDDIE SAYS
Step 1. 4 x 5000 = 20000 Step 2. 4 x 0 = 0 Step 3. 4 x 30 = 120 Step 4. 4 x 2 = 8 Step 5. Add 20000 + 0 + 120 + 8 = 20 128
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