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Roman Numeral: Years

In this worksheet, students must convert years written in Roman Numerals to normal numbers.

'Roman Numeral: Years' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Number: Number and Place Value

Curriculum subtopic:  Read Roman Numerals to M (1000)

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The numbers that we use today are not the same as the ones the Romans used. Roman Numerals were used all over the Roman Empire.

 

In England, they are still used occasionally, for example, on film credits and clock faces.

 

Remember that the Romans didn't have a symbol for the number 0.

The Romans used these symbols:

I = 1
V = 5
X = 10
L = 50
C = 100
D = 500
M = 1000

 

 

All other numbers can be built using these symbols by adding or subtracting.

We build bigger numbers by adding 100s, 500s or 1000s or Cs, Ds and Ms in Roman Numerals.

 

1100 MCC = M + C = 1000 + 100 = 1100
1211 MCCXI = M + C + C + X + I = 1000 + 200 + 10 + 1
1400 MCD = M + CD = 1000 + 400 = 1400
1900 MCM = M + CM = 1000 + 900 = 1900

 

 

Example

Convert the years MDCCCXCV and MCMXLVIII to normal years.

 

Answer

Break the numbers down and then add together the bits.

MDCCCXCV = M + DCCC + XC + V = 1000 + 800 + 90 + 5 = 1895

MCMXLVIII = M + CM + XL + VIII  = 1000 + 900 + 40 + 8 = 1948 

The Battle of Trafalgar was in

MDCCCV

Write this year in normal numbers.

Gutenberg invented the printing press in

MCDL

Write this year in normal numbers.

Guy Fawkes was born in

MDLXX

Write this year in normal numbers.

King Henry VIII was born in

MCDXCI

Write this year in normal numbers.

Mahatma Ghandi was born in

MDCCCLXIX

Write this year in normal numbers.

The building of Conwy Castle in Wales was finished in

MCCLXXXIX

Write this year in normal numbers.

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

Column A

Column B

MCCCVI
1656
MDCLVI
1306
MDCCXLI
1227
MCCXXVII
1741

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

Column A

Column B

DCCCLV
855
CMXLVI
1199
CMXCIX
946
MCXCIX
999

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

Column A

Column B

MDLXXXIV
1642
MDCXLII
1584
MCCCLXXVIII
1378
MCDLXXXII
1482

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

Column A

Column B

MCMLXXVIII
1999
MDCCCXCVIII
1958
MCMLVIII
1898
MCMXCIX
1978
  • Question 1

The Battle of Trafalgar was in

MDCCCV

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1805
EDDIE SAYS
MDCCCV = M + DCCC + V = 1000 + 800 + 5 = 1805
  • Question 2

Gutenberg invented the printing press in

MCDL

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1450
EDDIE SAYS
MCDL = M + CD + L = 1000 + 400 + 50 = 1450
  • Question 3

Guy Fawkes was born in

MDLXX

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1570
EDDIE SAYS
MDLXX = M + D + LXX = 1000 + 500 + 70 = 1570
  • Question 4

King Henry VIII was born in

MCDXCI

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1491
EDDIE SAYS
MCDXCI = M + CD + XC + I = 1000 + 400 + 90 + 1 = 1491
  • Question 5

Mahatma Ghandi was born in

MDCCCLXIX

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1869
EDDIE SAYS
MDCCCLXIX = M + DCCC + LX + IX = 1000 + 800 + 60 + 9 = 1869
  • Question 6

The building of Conwy Castle in Wales was finished in

MCCLXXXIX

Write this year in normal numbers.

CORRECT ANSWER
1289
EDDIE SAYS
MCCLXXXIX = M + CC + LXXX + IX = 1000 + 200 + 80 + 9 = 1289
  • Question 7

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

MCCCVI
1306
MDCLVI
1656
MDCCXLI
1741
MCCXXVII
1227
EDDIE SAYS
MCCCVI = M + CCC + VI = 1000 + 300 + 6 = 1306
MDCLVI = M + DC + L + VI = 1000 + 600 + 50 + 6 = 1656
MDCCXLI = M + DCC + XL + I = 1000 + 700 + 40 + 1 = 1741
MCCXXVII = M + CC + XX + VII = 1000 + 200 + 20 + 7 = 1227
  • Question 8

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

DCCCLV
855
CMXLVI
946
CMXCIX
999
MCXCIX
1199
EDDIE SAYS
DCCCLV = DCCC + L + V = 800 + 50 + 5 = 855
CMXLVI = CM + XL + VI = 900 + 40 + 6 = 946
CMXCIX = CM + XC + IX = 900 + 90 + 9 = 999
MCXCIX = M + C + XC + IX = 1000 + 100 + 90 + 9 = 1199
  • Question 9

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

MDLXXXIV
1584
MDCXLII
1642
MCCCLXXVIII
1378
MCDLXXXII
1482
EDDIE SAYS
MDLXXXIV = M + D + LXXX + IV = 1000 + 500 + 80 + 4 = 1584
MDCXLII = M + DC + XL + II = 1000 + 600 + 40 + 2 = 1642
MCCCLXXVIII = M + CCC + LXX + VIII = 1000 + 300 + 70 + 8 = 1378
MCDLXXXII = M + CD + LXXX + II = 1000 + 400 + 80 + 2 = 1482
  • Question 10

Match the years to the Roman Numerals.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

MCMLXXVIII
1978
MDCCCXCVIII
1898
MCMLVIII
1958
MCMXCIX
1999
EDDIE SAYS
MCMLXXVIII = M + CM + LXX + VIII = 1000 + 900 + 70 + 8 = 1978
MDCCCXCVIII = M + DCCC + XC + VIII = 1000 + 800 + 90 + 8 = 1898
MCMLVIII = M + CM + L + VIII = 1000 + 900 + 50 + 8 = 1958
MCMXCIX = M + CM + XC + IX = 1000 + 900 + 90 + 9 = 1999
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