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Find the Missing Value in an Equation

In this worksheet, students will find missing values in equations by using the inverse operation.

'Find the Missing Value in an Equation' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 6 Maths worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Algebra

Curriculum subtopic:   Express Problems Algebraically

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we will be finding unknown numbers in equations. 


You probably remember doing these when you were very little!



You had to write down the missing number in the box!

To work out this simple problem you would do 6 - 4 = 2 in your head in seconds.


Algebra is exactly the same and is that simple.

We just replace the box with a letter, like this:



We solve this in exactly the same way:

a = 6 - 4

a = 2


Easy, right?


boy jumping


It works for this too!



4 x something = 12

We would do this by dividing 12 by 4 = 3

Let's write it with a letter instead of a box again!



Same way again:

y = 12 ÷ 4

y = 3




As mathematicians, we like to simplify things and make life easier for ourselves so we shorten:


4 x y to 4y


In other words, we do not write the multiplication sign!

So, 2 x c = 2c

7 x u = 7u


In this activity, we are going to solve equations with more than one step.



Solve the equation to find the value of a

2a + 6 = 14



2a + 6 = 14


First, we do the inverse of +6 which is -6

2a = 14 - 6

2a = 8


Then we divide by 2

a = 8 ÷ 2

a = 4


Let's try some!

Remember, we use the inverse to solve these.

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