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Calculate the Area of Parallelograms and Triangles

In this worksheet, students will learn how to find the area of parallelograms and triangles.

'Calculate the Area of Parallelograms and Triangles' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 6 Maths worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Measurement

Curriculum subtopic:   Calculate Areas

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

The key thing when finding the area of a shape is to remember the correct formula! 

Let's have a look at the formulae for rectangles, parallelograms and triangles.


But first, a couple of things to remember:

We measure area in square units (cm², m²)

The perpendicular height is the vertical height from the base to the tip of the shape.

A square, a rectangle, a rhomboid and a rhombus are all parallelograms.

We can use base or length (b or l) for the bottom  horizontal measure.


1.  Area of a rectangle = length × width


rectangle with length 11cm and width 4cm


The area of this rectangle is 11 cm x 4 cm = 44 cm2


2. Area of a parallelogram = length × perpendicular height


parallelogram with length 8cm and perpendicular height 3cm


The area of this parallelogram is 8 cm x 3 cm = 24 cm2


3. Area of a triangle = base × perpendicular height ÷ 2

This is because you can fit two triangles inside a rectangle.


triangle with base 12cm and perpendicular height 8cm


The area of this triangle is (12 cm x 8 cm) ÷ 2 = 48 cm2


That wasn't too painful, was it? If you need to check back to these formulae, just click on the red help button on the screen so that you can read the introduction again.


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Let's get started - good luck!

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