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Divisibility Rules (2)

In this worksheet, students use their knowledge of all the divisibility rules to state by which numbers the given numbers are divisible.

'Divisibility Rules (2)' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:  Number

Curriculum subtopic:  Use Concepts and Vocabulary for All Numbers

Difficulty level:  

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Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Instead of actually carrying out a division, it is possible to "test" a number to see if it can be divided exactly by certain numbers.

If a number divides exactly into a number, it is divisible by this number.

24 is divisible by 2, because 24 ÷ 2 is a whole number.

24 is not divisible by 5, because 24 ÷ 5 is not a whole number.

Here are the rules to test divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10.

 

Rule for 2

A number is divisible by 2 if it ends in 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8.

This means that it is even.

 

Rule for 3

A number is divisible by 3 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3

3045 is divisible by 3, because 3 + 0 + 4 + 5 = 12 which is divisible by 3

3044 is therefore not divisible by 3, because 11 is not divisible by 3.

 

Rule for 4

A number is divisible by 4 if the number formed by its last two digits is divisible by 4.

3140 is divisible by 4, because 40 is divisible by 4.

3145 is not divisible by 4, because 45 is not divisible by 4.

 

Rule for 5

A number is divisible by 5 if it ends in 0 or 5.

3045 is divisible by 5, because it ends in 5.

3030 is divisible by 5, because it ends in 0.

5551 is not divisible by 5.

 

Rule for 6

Both the rules for 2 and 3 must work

 

Rule for 8

A number is divisible by 8 if the number formed by its last three digits is divisible by 8.

3240 is divisible by 8, because 240 is divisible by 8.

3145 is not divisible by 8, because 145 is not divisible by 8.

 

Rule for 9

This is similar to the rule for 3.

A number is divisible by 9 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9

7065 is divisible by 9, because 7 + 0 + 6 + 5 = 18 which is divisible by 9

3045 is therefore not divisible by 9, because 12 is not divisible by 9.

 

Rule for 10

A number is divisible by 10 if it ends in 0.

3140 is divisible by 10, because it ends in 0.

3145 is not divisible by 10.

  

Rule for 11

A number is divisible by 11 if alternate digit sums differ by 0 or a multiple of 11

 

Example

Is 3813 divisible by 6?

 

Answer

No, because 3 + 8 + 1 + 3 = 15, which is divisible by 3, but it is not divisible by 2 as it ends in a 3 which is odd.

 

Example

Is 2153864 divisible by 4?

 

Answer

Yes, because 64 is divisible by 4.

 

 

Example

Is 17226 divisible by 11?

 

Answer

Underline alternate numbers to get 17226

Add up the underlined digits to get the sum of 1 + 2 + 6 = 9

Add up the non-underlined digits to get the sum of 7 + 2 = 9

These two digit sums are equal or differ by a multiple of 11, so 17226 is divisible by 11.

 

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

1045

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

10452

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

104526

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

314550

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

78540

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

628320

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

14490

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

252105

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

831875

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

1663893

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

  • Question 1

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

1045

CORRECT ANSWER
5
11
  • Question 2

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

10452

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
4
6
  • Question 3

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

104526

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
6
9
  • Question 4

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

314550

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
5
6
9
10
  • Question 5

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

78540

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
4
5
6
10
11
  • Question 6

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

628320

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
11
  • Question 7

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

14490

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
5
6
9
10
  • Question 8

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

252105

CORRECT ANSWER
3
5
  • Question 9

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

831875

CORRECT ANSWER
5
11
  • Question 10

By which of the given numbers is the following number divisible?

1663893

CORRECT ANSWER
3
9
11
---- OR ----

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