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Different Types of Soil

Looking at the characteristics of different soil types.

'Different Types of Soil' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Rocks

Curriculum subtopic:  Soils

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Not all soils are the same. If you dig into the ground in different places you wil find different kinds of soil. Some soils are light and crumbly; some are gritty; some are heavy and sticky. If you dig down deep enough beneath the soil you will eventually reach rock. Over a very long time this rock has been broken down to form the soil that now lies on top of it.  So the type of soil you have depends on the type of rock it has come from.

This worksheet gives you an opportunity to find out what you know about different types of soil.


 

Which of these are types of soil?

clay, loam and chalk

marble, slate and sandstone

woodland, seashore and desert

Soil particles can be grouped in three main sizes. Which of these is the corect order from biggest to smallest?

clay, silt, sand

silt, clay, sand

sand, silt, clay

Why are sandy soils well drained?

not much rain falls where sandy soild are found

there are a lot of rivers where sandy soils are found

water can pass easily between the large particles in a sandy soil

Why are clay soils so sticky?

water gets trapped between the tiny particles of soil

tiny animals in the soil stick it together

plant roots in the soil make a sticky substance

How can a sieve help you find out what kind of soil you have?

 

it can help you to find out what size your soil particles are

it can help you find rock samples

it can remove insects from the soil

Does anything live in the soil?

yes

no

  • Question 1

Which of these are types of soil?

CORRECT ANSWER
clay, loam and chalk
EDDIE SAYS
These are some commonly found types of soil.
  • Question 2

Soil particles can be grouped in three main sizes. Which of these is the corect order from biggest to smallest?

CORRECT ANSWER
sand, silt, clay
EDDIE SAYS
Sandy soil has the biggest particles and clay soil the smallest.
  • Question 3

Why are sandy soils well drained?

CORRECT ANSWER
water can pass easily between the large particles in a sandy soil
EDDIE SAYS
The big particles in a sandy soil let water drain through easily. Soils that are too sandy may actually dry out because they cannot hold water very well.
  • Question 4

Why are clay soils so sticky?

CORRECT ANSWER
water gets trapped between the tiny particles of soil
EDDIE SAYS
The particles in a clay soil are so tiny that it is hard for water to drain through it. Instead the ground can be become waterlogged, forming a heavy, sticky soil.
  • Question 5

How can a sieve help you find out what kind of soil you have?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
it can help you to find out what size your soil particles are
EDDIE SAYS
Sieves are a good way of grading soil particles. Take a soil sample, leave it to dry and then break up the larger lumps. Shake it through a large-holed sieve and small and medium sized particles will fall through and rocks and bigger particles wil be left behind. You can take the soil that has fallen through and shake it through a sieve with smaller holes to get fine soil particles. Now you can see what sort of particles your soil is made up of.
  • Question 6

Does anything live in the soil?

CORRECT ANSWER
yes
EDDIE SAYS
Yes! The soil is full of living things from plant roots, to earthworms and countless tiny insects, centipedes, spiders and other animals.
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