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Making Sounds 1

In this worksheet, students will answer questions about how sounds are made and how sounds travel.

'Making Sounds 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Sound

Curriculum subtopic:  Sounds and Vibrations

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Sounds are all around us. Some sounds are LOUD, like the sound of an aeroplane, and some sounds are soft, like the squeak of a mouse.

Cockerel Plane Mouse

 

To make a sound, something has to vibrate. This means that something has to move to and fro, a bit like trembling. This movement makes the sound.

 

Right, with that in mind, let's explore more about sound.

Here are three sound-producers.

 

Which one of these do you think makes the LOUDEST sound?

a recorder

a fire alarm

a mobile phone

Right, which one of these do you think makes the softest sound?

a motorcycle

a barking dog

leaves rustling in the wind

When we speak, where do you think the sound is made?

 

It's made in in our...

mouth

lungs

throat

To make a sound, something has to...

vibrate

change shape

shout

A good way to describe VIBRATIONS is when something... 

whistles

is switched on

moves to and fro

Here are four well-known musical instruments.

 

Match up the musical instrument with the way we usually produce its sound.

 

Recorder Triangle Guitar Maracas
RECORDER TRIANGLE GUITAR MARACAS

 

Column A

Column B

recorder
blow
triangle
strum
guitar
strike
maracas
shake

Girl with maracas

 

Mai is enjoying making music with the maracas. How do other students in the room hear the sound she is making?

 

Finish this sentence:

The vibrations made by shaking the maracas travel through the ______.

speakers

ear phones

air

Mai is interested to learn more about how sound travels.

 

She says: "When I am swimming UNDERWATER, I can still hear sounds."

 

Is Mai correct? Can sounds travel through WATER as well as AIR? 

Yes

No

Mai is busy doing her homework in the kitchen with the window and doors closed. She hears the tune played by the ice cream van.

 

What does this observation tell Mai?

it's time for a treat

the ice cream van is in the kitchen

sound can travel through solids

Complete this sentence by choosing ONE option from the list.

 

Mai has found that sound travels through...

air only

air and water

water only

air, water and solids

solids only

  • Question 1

Here are three sound-producers.

 

Which one of these do you think makes the LOUDEST sound?

CORRECT ANSWER
a fire alarm
EDDIE SAYS
That's right! The fire alarm has to be a loud noise so that we can hear it above all the other sounds around us! No, you don't want to hear that mobile phone - really!!
  • Question 2

Right, which one of these do you think makes the softest sound?

CORRECT ANSWER
leaves rustling in the wind
EDDIE SAYS
Some sounds are so soft that we have to concentrate and listen carefully to hear them. Imagine if the movement of the leaves in the tree was as noisy as a motorcycle engine, it would be VERY annoying!
  • Question 3

When we speak, where do you think the sound is made?

 

It's made in in our...

CORRECT ANSWER
throat
EDDIE SAYS
That might not be obvious. We use the air leaving our lungs to produce sounds in our throat. Inside our throat are our vocal chords: these vibrate when we speak and so produce the sounds we understand as speech. The shape of our mouth changes the sounds when we speak or sing. Marvellous! So much to find out about our world!
  • Question 4

To make a sound, something has to...

CORRECT ANSWER
vibrate
EDDIE SAYS
It's vibrations that make sounds: first the object, like a drum skin hit by a drumstick, starts vibrating and so the air around it vibrates too. Those vibrations are carried in waves so you can hear them.
  • Question 5

A good way to describe VIBRATIONS is when something... 

CORRECT ANSWER
moves to and fro
EDDIE SAYS
Ever watched a young tree being blown by the wind? It bends one way and then the other. That's quite like something vibrating to produce a sound - it waves one way, then the other. All sound is produced by movement like this.
  • Question 6

Here are four well-known musical instruments.

 

Match up the musical instrument with the way we usually produce its sound.

 

Recorder Triangle Guitar Maracas
RECORDER TRIANGLE GUITAR MARACAS

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

recorder
blow
triangle
strike
guitar
strum
maracas
shake
EDDIE SAYS
We can make musical instruments vibrate in different ways, which produces very different sounds from the ones we expect! So, to make a triangle ring, you hit it with the striker. Maracas need a good shake to make them produce their rattly noise. Guitar strings need plucking or strumming to make them vibrate while you blow into the recorder to make the air inside vibrate and produce a sound. So much variety!
  • Question 7

Girl with maracas

 

Mai is enjoying making music with the maracas. How do other students in the room hear the sound she is making?

 

Finish this sentence:

The vibrations made by shaking the maracas travel through the ______.

CORRECT ANSWER
air
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, you're getting there! Sounds can reach our ears by travelling through the air around us. The vibrating maracas make the air particles around them vibrate and so carry the sound to our ears.
  • Question 8

Mai is interested to learn more about how sound travels.

 

She says: "When I am swimming UNDERWATER, I can still hear sounds."

 

Is Mai correct? Can sounds travel through WATER as well as AIR? 

CORRECT ANSWER
Yes
EDDIE SAYS
Well, here's something: sounds actually travel BETTER through water than through air! That's because the particles that water is made of are closer together. Since sound waves pass from particle to particle, they can jump across more easily in water than they can in air, so the sound travels faster. Isn't that brilliant?
  • Question 9

Mai is busy doing her homework in the kitchen with the window and doors closed. She hears the tune played by the ice cream van.

 

What does this observation tell Mai?

CORRECT ANSWER
sound can travel through solids
EDDIE SAYS
Haha, bet you thought it was time for a treat! No, scientifically-speaking sound vibrations can also travel through SOLIDS and this observation tells Mai this fact. She's indoors, everything closed, and yet she can still hear the chime of the van. That means the sound must be able to pass through the walls/windows/door/etc. of the house for her to be able to hear it.
  • Question 10

Complete this sentence by choosing ONE option from the list.

 

Mai has found that sound travels through...

CORRECT ANSWER
air, water and solids
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, through all our experiences we have found that sound travels through gases, liquids and solids. In fact, solids are the best conductors of sound and gases are the worst. Hope you found out some new things in this worksheet!
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