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Recognise Electrical Hazards

In this worksheet, students will learn about the correct use of electricity.

'Recognise Electrical Hazards' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Year:  Year 7 Science worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Physics: Electricity and Electromagnetism

Curriculum subtopic:   Current Electricity

Popular topics:   Physics worksheets, Electricity worksheets

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Electricity can be very dangerous if not used properly. At home, mains electricity is used, which has a much higher voltage than the cells used at school. It can be extremely dangerous.


The general safety rules when handling electricity are:


- Never touch the metal parts of plugs (see a plug inserted into a socket in the diagram)
- Never poke things into sockets
- Keep water away from electrical appliances (water is a conductor of electricity).

Plug in socket


In science lessons:


- Always show your circuits to your teacher before switching them on
- Switch the current off before changing your circuit.


Electricity can be controlled by using a switch. When the switch is open, there is a gap in the circuit, so electric current cannot flow. When we close the switch there is a complete circuit for the current to flow around. The diagram shows a complete circuit with an open and then a closed switch. In science, we call the battery a cell, but actually a battery consists of many cells in a row.




All wires are metal because metals conduct electricity, but they are covered in plastic to insulate us from the electricity and so avoid accidents. Have a look at the wires this plug contains:



Wired plug



You can see the multi-coloured wires for Earth (yellow/green), Live (brown) and Neutral (blue).  As almost all appliances come with a fitted and sealed plug, it's not as vital to learn how to wire a plug as it once was.


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