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Breathing and the Respiratory System

In this worksheet, students will explore the organs involved in the respiratory system and will test their knowledge of the respiratory processes.

'Breathing and the Respiratory System' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Biology: Structure and Function of Living Organisms

Curriculum subtopic:   Gas Exchange Systems (Breathing)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Breathing... it is something that you do all the time, every day, without even thinking about. Even as you read this your respiratory system is at work, taking air both in and out of your lungs, but how does it work? 


The respiratory system has two very important jobs to do. The first is to supply the blood with oxygen; the second is to remove any waste carbon dioxide from the blood. 

The respiratory system involves the mouth, nose, trachea (windpipe), lungs and diaphragm (the layer of muscles found under your lungs).  


Human respiratory system


Breathing In

Right, take a deep breath. As you inhale, the air travels through your nose and mouth, down the trachea and then splits into your two lungs. But that's not all...

  • If you put your hands on your ribcage you will notice that they expand up and out as you breathe in, allowing the air to fill your lungs. 
  • Your diaphragm will also contract, pulling downwards to allow more air into the lungs.  


Breathing Out

As you breathe out, the opposite occurs. The exhaled air leaves your lungs, travels up the trachea and then leaves your body through your nose and mouth.

  • If you put your hands on your ribcage you will notice that it drops in and down as you breathe out, allowing the air to be pushed out of the lungs. 
  • Your diaphragm will also relax, pulling upwards allowing more air to be pushed out of the lungs.  


Chest movements in breathing

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