# GCSE Physics Paper 2 Foundation Practice Paper in the Style of AQA Separate Science

In this assessment, students will complete a timed paper in the style of AQA Separate Science GCSE Physics Paper 2 Foundation Tier.

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   Physics: Single Subject

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   GCSE Sample Practice Papers

Curriculum subtopic:   Foundation Practice Papers

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

In this assessment, students will be able to complete a timed GCSE Science Physics Paper 2 (Foundation) in the style of AQA Separate Science.

We would recommend for this paper that you work through the assessment online and for the questions that are worth more than one mark you write your answers on paper to show your working.

For each question, the marks awarded for each section are written next to the questions and look like this [4]

You should aim for 1 minute per mark

The timer is set for 105 minutes for this practice paper, although you can keep working after the timer has run out.

If you are struggling to answer a question do not waste time on it, but move onto the next question.

Disclaimer:

We have no affiliation to AQA and these questions represent our own unique content developed by EdPlace GCSE authors.

None of the content displayed here has been supplied by AQA or any other third party suppliers.

Quantities are important in physics.

[1]

There are two groups of forces; contact and non-contact

forces.

Identify from the list below which forces belong to either group.

[1]

The picture below shows the forces acting on a car that has broken down and is being pushed.

Giving reference to the correct force arrows, describe the motion of the car.

[2]

A skydiver needs to understand forces to have a safe jump.

Explain what is happening before and after the parachute opens in reference to forces and speed of the fall.

[4]

The graph below shows the speed of the skydiver at different points of their jump.

From the graph identify what the terminal velocity of the skydiver is before they open their parachute.

[1]

10 m/s

20 m/s

30 m/s

40 m/s

The graph below shows how the speed of the skydiver changes during the jump.

Which letter is the point at which the skydiver opened the parachute?

[1]

A

B

C

D

What is the value for gravitational field strength on Earth?

[1]

9.6 N/kg

9.8 N/kg

10 N/kg

10.2 N/kg

The skydiver has a mass of 75 kg.

Using the equation:

Weight = Mass X Gravitational Field Strength

Calculate his weight and give the correct units

[3]

When the skydiver lands.

The floor exerts an equal and opposite force on them.

Which Law of Physics does this demonstrate?

[1]

Newton's 2nd Law of Motion

Law of Thermodynamics

Newton's 3rd Law of Motion

Principle of Moments

The graph shows how air pressure changes with altitude as you climb Mount Everest.

Using the graph calculate the difference in air pressure between sea level and the top of Mount Everest.

[1]

250 mmHg

510 mmHg

610 mmHg

760 mmHg

Air pressure explains why balloons burst if they have too much air blown into them.

Why does too much air increase the air pressure?

[3]

Which of the following will increase the air pressure?

[1]

Increasing volume

Decreasing concentration

Decreasing temperature

Increasing temperature

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

[1]

Increasing volume

Decreasing concentration

Decreasing temperature

Increasing temperature

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

What is actually carried in waves?

[1]

Matter only

Energy only

Energy and matter

Forces only

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

Define the term frequency and identify what units it is measured in.

[2]

Below shows the electromagnetic spectrum.

Give two properties all electromagnetic waves have in common.

[2]

Below shows the electromagnetic spectrum.

Using the diagram how does visible light differ from gamma rays?

[1]

Light has a shorter wavelength

Light has a smaller amplitude

Light has a longer wavelength

Light has a larger amplitude

Sound also travels in the form of waves.

[1]

Light has a shorter wavelength

Light has a smaller amplitude

Light has a longer wavelength

Light has a larger amplitude

What is the device below called?

[1]

The device below is an electromagnet.

Give two ways the strength of the magnetic field created could be increased?

[2]

Increase current in the wire

Take the iron nail away

Decrease the current in the wire

Increase the turns of the coil

The diagram below shows the first part of the life cycle of a star.

Describe the stages of the life cycle of a star that is a similar size to our sun.

[6]

Below shows how light can be shifted when objects are moving.

What does the redshift mean is happening to distant universes and stars?

[1]

They are moving toward us

They are moving away from us

They are getting bigger

They are getting smaller

The diagrams below shows an investigation into Hooke's Law,

Using the spring as an example explain what Hooke's Law is.

[2]

The diagrams below shows an investigation into Hooke's Law.

Explain what happens when the spring stops following Hooke's Law.

[2]

Write the equation that links Force Applied, Spring Constant and Extension.

[1]

The experiment below is being used to calculate spring constant.

Using the equation calculate the spring constant for a force of 50 N causing the spring to extend by 10 cm.

Force Applied = Spring Constant X Extension

[3]

Ultrasound is sound waves that are produced above the hearing range of humans.

What is the hearing range of humans?

[1]

2 - 200 Hz

20 - 20,000 Hz

200 - 200,000 Hz

2 - 20,000 Hz

Give two medical uses of ultrasound.

[1]

Scanning unborn babies

Cleaning jewellery

Depth testing sonar

Breaking down kidney stones

Below shows a lever which works due to moments.

What is a moment?

[1]

Below shows a lever which works due to a moment.

Give two ways the moment applied to the lever can be increased.

[1]

Increase the distance from the pivot

Decrease the distance from the pivot

Increase the force applied

Decrease the force applied

Below shows a seesaw that is balanced due to the Principle of Moments.

Using the equation, explain why the seesaw is balanced.

Moment = Force X Distance from pivot

[3]

Gears are like levers because they can also multiply the effect of a turning force.

Which sentence is correct about the effect of a low gear?

[1]

Gives a high speed and low turning effect

Gives a low speed and low turning effect

Gives a low speed and a high turning effect

Gives a high speed and a high turning effect

The iron filings around the magnet show us where the magnetic field acts.

Describe the direction of the magnetic field.

[1]

North to South

South to North

North to West

North to East

The iron filings around the magnet show us where the magnetic field acts.

Write a method for the practical using iron filings which allows us to identify the location and direction of the magnetic field.

[3]

The equipment is measuring the weight of the fish.

Weight is a force.

Define what a force is.

[1]

The equipment is measuring the weight of the fish.

What is the correct name for the piece of equipment being used?

[1]

Balance

Scale

Weight meter

Newton meter

Ultrasound is safe to use for scans of unborn babies.

Why are X-rays not safe to use on developing babies?

[2]

• Question 1

Quantities are important in physics.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
This is a common fill the gap or linking question for Physics. You need to learn that scalar quantities have a magnitude (or size) and no direction. Examples include distance, speed, time. mass, energy and power. Vector quantities have a magnitude and direction. Examples include velocity, force, momentum. Displacement is the distance travelled in a given direction. For example; London is one hundred miles east.
• Question 2

There are two groups of forces; contact and non-contact

forces.

Identify from the list below which forces belong to either group.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
All forces are split into two groups. Contact forces are from interactions of two touching objects and include any type of friction which includes air resistance or upthrust in water and tension. Non-contact forces are from interactions of two objects that are not touching and include gravity, electrostatic and magnetic forces.
• Question 3

The picture below shows the forces acting on a car that has broken down and is being pushed.

Giving reference to the correct force arrows, describe the motion of the car.

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
All forces follow Newton's three Laws of Motion. Forces B and C are balanced which following Newton's first Law of Motion means that the vehicle will either have a steady speed of movement or will be stationary.
• Question 4

A skydiver needs to understand forces to have a safe jump.

Explain what is happening before and after the parachute opens in reference to forces and speed of the fall.

[4]

EDDIE SAYS
Forces diagrams are very common in foundation physics papers and this is a commonly used example. The skydiver in the first picture has equal forces acting on them. The downward force of weight and the upward force of air resistance is equal and therefore the skydiver has reached a steady/constant speed. This is called reaching terminal velocity. The skydiver opens the parachute to slow themself down. This works because the parachute has a large surface area and so collides with a high number of air particles. This means the upwards force of air resistance increases higher than the downward force and this slows them down as the forces are no longer balanced.
• Question 5

The graph below shows the speed of the skydiver at different points of their jump.

From the graph identify what the terminal velocity of the skydiver is before they open their parachute.

[1]

40 m/s
EDDIE SAYS
Terminal velocity means steady speed and the skydiver hits this when the graph first levels off. This shows you that the speed is not getting faster or slower but staying constant, and if you read it from the Y-axis this is at 40 m/s. There is a second terminal velocity but the question specifies before the skydiver opens the parachute.
• Question 6

The graph below shows how the speed of the skydiver changes during the jump.

Which letter is the point at which the skydiver opened the parachute?

[1]

B
EDDIE SAYS
The skydiver opens the parachute at point B as this is when the speed suddenly drops from 40 m/s. This is because the large surface area of the parachute increases the upthrust of the skydiver, causing the upwards force to be greater than the downward force.
• Question 7

What is the value for gravitational field strength on Earth?

[1]

9.8 N/kg
EDDIE SAYS
This is a very important value and so you are likely to be asked for it or will need to use it in either of the physics exams. The value for gravitational field strength is the same anywhere on Earth and is 9.8 N/kg. This value is different on the moon or other planets and would be given in the question if you needed it.
• Question 8

The skydiver has a mass of 75 kg.

Using the equation:

Weight = Mass X Gravitational Field Strength

Calculate his weight and give the correct units

[3]

EDDIE SAYS
This question is relatively straight forward as long as you have remembered that gravitational field strength on Earth is 9.8 N/kg Weight = 75 kg X 9.8 N/kg Weight = 735 N Many students confuse the units of Mass (kg) and Weight (N). You must remember that weight is a force and so is measured in N.
• Question 9

When the skydiver lands.

The floor exerts an equal and opposite force on them.

Which Law of Physics does this demonstrate?

[1]

Newton's 3rd Law of Motion
EDDIE SAYS
This question tests your knowledge of the different Laws in Physics. You need to learn each of Newton's Laws of Motion. The First Law of Motion states when forces acting on an object are balanced, the object's speed will be constant. The Second Law of Motion states when forces acting on an object are unbalanced, the object's speed will change. The Third Law of Motion states when an object has a force applied to it, it will give back and equal and opposite force.
• Question 10

The graph shows how air pressure changes with altitude as you climb Mount Everest.

Using the graph calculate the difference in air pressure between sea level and the top of Mount Everest.

[1]

510 mmHg
EDDIE SAYS
This question uses the student's ability to read a graph. This involves simply calculating the difference between the pressure at the top and bottom of the mountain: 760 mmHg - 250 mmHg = 510 mmHg
• Question 11

Air pressure explains why balloons burst if they have too much air blown into them.

Why does too much air increase the air pressure?

[3]

EDDIE SAYS
Air pressure always has the same explanation regardless of the given example. For this example it is a balloon but air pressure always refers to having an effect on a container. Here's an example answer for this model question: Air particles constantly move randomly and collide off each other. As a result they collide with the internal wall of the container (balloon) and exert a force on the wall of the container. The more often they collide the higher the air pressure.
• Question 12

Which of the following will increase the air pressure?

[1]

Increasing temperature
EDDIE SAYS
Air pressure is increased by temperature rise. This is because air pressure is caused by the random movement of particles which results in them colliding with the container wall and thus exerting pressure on it. When particles of gas have more temperature they have more energy. They increase their speed of motion and therefore will collide with the container wall more frequently and with more force. This raises the air pressure.
• Question 13

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
The wave pictured is an example of a transverse wave. Transverse waves are one where the oscillations (vibrations) of the wave are at right angles to the wave direction of travel. This is explained by water waves. If you stand on a beach looking out to sea, the boats will bob up and down with the oscillations of the wave whilst the wave moves towards you on the beach at a right angle to the movement of the boat. Transverse waves include all electromagnetic waves such as light and gamma rays.
• Question 14

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

What is actually carried in waves?

[1]

Energy only
EDDIE SAYS
Waves transfer energy only. Some people think matter travels in waves but the matter does not actually move.
• Question 15

The diagram below shows parts of a wave.

Define the term frequency and identify what units it is measured in.

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
You need to know the definition and the units for frequency as this can be applied to all wave types. Frequency is the number of waves to pass a fixed point every second and is measured in hertz (Hz).
• Question 16

Below shows the electromagnetic spectrum.

Give two properties all electromagnetic waves have in common.

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
You need to ensure that you understand that while there are key differences in the electromagnetic spectrum (see next Q) that all electromagnetic waves have the following similarities: They are all transverse waves They all travel through a vacuum at 300 million m/s (300,000,000 m/s) They can all reflect off flat surfaces The all transfer energy from one place to another They all obey the wave equation (Wave speed = frequency X wavelength)
• Question 17

Below shows the electromagnetic spectrum.

Using the diagram how does visible light differ from gamma rays?

[1]

Light has a longer wavelength
EDDIE SAYS
A common question is to compare and contrast the properties of the electromagnetic spectrum. Wave types across the spectrum differ due to wavelength and also frequency as a result. Light waves have a longer wavelength (and lower frequency) than gamma rays which have a shorter wavelength (and higher frequency). All electromagnetic waves have the same amplitude.
• Question 18

Sound also travels in the form of waves.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
The second type of waves is longitudinal which are when the oscillations are parallel to the direction of wave (energy) travel. Sound waves are caused by making particles vibrate.
• Question 19

What is the device below called?

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
You must understand that a conducting wire wrapped around a piece of iron (in this case the nail) is a simple electromagnet.
• Question 20

The device below is an electromagnet.

Give two ways the strength of the magnetic field created could be increased?

[2]

Increase current in the wire
Increase the turns of the coil
EDDIE SAYS
Electromagnets are commonly asked about and you need the basic knowledge to apply to higher demand questions. To increase the strength of the magnetic field on an electromagnet you can: Add an iron core (already got a nail in this example). Increase the number of turns of the coil. Increase the current flowing around the circuit.
• Question 21

The diagram below shows the first part of the life cycle of a star.

Describe the stages of the life cycle of a star that is a similar size to our sun.

[6]

EDDIE SAYS
Here's an example of a model answer for this question: A star's life cycle begins when clouds of gas and dust are forced together by gravity. This is called a protostar. The friction caused by particles colliding increases the temperature until nuclear fusion starts and the star becomes a main-sequence star. This is when the star completes nuclear fusion converting hydrogen into helium and releasing energy. In a main-sequence star the outward force of fusion balances the inward force of gravity making the star stable. When the star runs out of hydrogen, helium starts fusing to make heavier elements and the size of the star swells into a red giant. When fusion stops the star collapses inwards and friction causes it to become hot and make a white dwarf. When the white dwarf cools it becomes a black dwarf.
• Question 22

Below shows how light can be shifted when objects are moving.

What does the redshift mean is happening to distant universes and stars?

[1]

They are moving away from us
EDDIE SAYS
The redshift is caused by any light-emitting objects which move away from the observer. This is seen in space because the universe is believed to be expanding and thus everything is moving away from us. When we look at distant stars the light is shifted towards the red end of the spectrum.
• Question 23

The diagrams below shows an investigation into Hooke's Law,

Using the spring as an example explain what Hooke's Law is.

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
Hooke's Law is a required practical which you will have done in lessons. This is when the extension of the spring is directly proportional to the force applied. So if for example, the length of a spring increases by 3cm when you add 1 N of force, it will increase by 3cm again with another 1 N added.
• Question 24

The diagrams below shows an investigation into Hooke's Law.

Explain what happens when the spring stops following Hooke's Law.

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
Students need to know that after a certain amount of force the spring will stop following Hooke's Law. This point is called the limit of proportionality and is when the extension of the spring is no longer directly proportional to the force applied. You can see it on a graph as it is the point that the line will move from a straight line to a curve (no longer directly proportional).
• Question 25

Write the equation that links Force Applied, Spring Constant and Extension.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
In each foundation physics exam you will be asked for at least one equation from memory and this is an example of the a common question. Force Applied = Spring Constant X Extension
• Question 26

The experiment below is being used to calculate spring constant.

Using the equation calculate the spring constant for a force of 50 N causing the spring to extend by 10 cm.

Force Applied = Spring Constant X Extension

[3]

EDDIE SAYS
You need to be able to rearrange simple equations to apply calculations. In this case Force Applied = Spring Constant X Extension From this, you just need to insert the given numbers.
• Question 27

Ultrasound is sound waves that are produced above the hearing range of humans.

What is the hearing range of humans?

[1]

20 - 20,000 Hz
EDDIE SAYS
The hearing range of humans is 20 - 20,000 Hz Above 20,000 Hz is ultrasound.
• Question 28

Give two medical uses of ultrasound.

[1]

Scanning unborn babies
Breaking down kidney stones
EDDIE SAYS
The uses of ultrasound is a low demand question but you must ensure you are giving either medical uses or industrial uses as requested. Medical uses include: Scanning unborn babies Breaking down kidney stones Treating cancers Cleaning teeth Industrial uses include: Identifying flaws in metal casts Depth testing Cleaning jewellery
• Question 29

Below shows a lever which works due to moments.

What is a moment?

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
Moments are often looked at in exam questions and often start with a definition of moments. Moments are turning effects of a force around a pivot.
• Question 30

Below shows a lever which works due to a moment.

Give two ways the moment applied to the lever can be increased.

[1]

Increase the distance from the pivot
Increase the force applied
EDDIE SAYS
Moments are calculated using the equation: Moment = Force X Distance from the pivot So therefore to increase the size of the moment you can: Increase the force applied Increase the distance from the pivot where the force is applied
• Question 31

Below shows a seesaw that is balanced due to the Principle of Moments.

Using the equation, explain why the seesaw is balanced.

Moment = Force X Distance from pivot

[3]

EDDIE SAYS
This question makes you apply your understanding of the Principle of Moments to the equation: Moment = Force X Distance from pivot If you calculate both the clockwise and anti-clockwise moments in this example they are the same and so this means the see-saw is in equilibrium or is balanced.
• Question 32

Gears are like levers because they can also multiply the effect of a turning force.

Which sentence is correct about the effect of a low gear?

[1]

Gives a low speed and a high turning effect
EDDIE SAYS
Gears are like levers because they can multiply the effect of turning forces. You only need to know the following about gears: A low gear gives low speed and a high turning effect. A high gear gives high speed and a low turning effect.
• Question 33

The iron filings around the magnet show us where the magnetic field acts.

Describe the direction of the magnetic field.

[1]

North to South
EDDIE SAYS
Magnetic fields are the region around the magnet where a material experiences a force. They always run from North to South.
• Question 34

The iron filings around the magnet show us where the magnetic field acts.

Write a method for the practical using iron filings which allows us to identify the location and direction of the magnetic field.

[3]

EDDIE SAYS
This is a required GCSE practical which you should have done in lessons. The idea is simple. Place a bar magnet below a sheet of paper and sprinkle iron filings onto the paper. The iron filings will line up along the magnetic field line and then you can use a compass along the iron filings to work out which direction the magnetic field is going.
• Question 35

The equipment is measuring the weight of the fish.

Weight is a force.

Define what a force is.

[1]

EDDIE SAYS
The definition for forces is very simple but often not learnt. A force is a push or pull.
• Question 36

The equipment is measuring the weight of the fish.

What is the correct name for the piece of equipment being used?

[1]

Newton meter
EDDIE SAYS
This is a commonly used piece of equipment that you use in physics. This should be a low demand question as you should know we use Newton meters to measure force in N.
• Question 37

Ultrasound is safe to use for scans of unborn babies.

Why are X-rays not safe to use on developing babies?

[2]

EDDIE SAYS
Ultrasound is not ionising and so is safe to use for baby scans. X-rays are ionising however meaning they can alter the charge of atoms in our cells including DNA which can lead to mutations and this is linked to cancer. Cells in developing embryos are rapidly dividing to grow meaning they are more prone to this risk than later in life.