# Apply the letter pattern to find the new word

In this worksheet, students will find the missing word in a group of words. It will develop their ability to follow patterns and think systematically.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Merge

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Hi word creator!

In this activity, we are going to be using letters from one word to make a new word.

Look at the word pairs below. The second word is missing in one of the pairs.

fold (old)      late ( ____ )

The second word in the second pair is created using the same pattern as the first pair.

So you need to consider how the word fold becomes the word old. We have used the last three letters of the word fold to create the word old.

Now we have worked out the pattern. We must use the last three letters of the word late to make our mystery word. Our mystery word is ate.

fold [old]      late [ate]

Let’s try another:

Can you work out the pattern here?

lose (sole)        lame ( ____ )

How has the word lose become the word sole? The third and first letters have swapped around!

We need to apply the same pattern for the word lame. This gives us the missing word male.

Always check which letters from the first word have been used to make the second word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word wizard and find the missing word in a pair. Let’s get started!

Welcome to the first question, word creator!

Here are pairs of words:

pan (an), mat (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Here are some more pairs of words:

today (to), begin (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

team (am), maybe (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

heating (he), inside (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Well, word wizard, you're halfway through already!

Here are pairs of words:

frame (me), rabbit(__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

actor (act), anyone(___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing three letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

chair (air), cottage (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing three letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

anybody (body), armband (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

Here are pairs of words:

kindly (kind), keeping (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

Well done, you've reached the final question!

Here are pairs of words:

funfair (fair), train (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

• Question 1

Welcome to the first question, word creator!

Here are pairs of words:

pan (an), mat (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

At
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this one? Did you spot the pattern? The two letters at the end of 'pan' were taken to make the new word 'an'. If you apply the same pattern to the word 'mat', you get the word 'at'. Great work!
• Question 2

Here are some more pairs of words:

today (to), begin (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Be
EDDIE SAYS
The pattern for these pairs of words is that you take the first two letters of each word to make a new word. You take 'to' from 'today' and 'be' from 'begin'.
• Question 3

Here are pairs of words:

team (am), maybe (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

Be
EDDIE SAYS
The pattern with these pairs of words is that you need to take the last two letters of each word to create a new word: 'team' becomes 'am' and 'maybe' becomes 'be. Did you get this one, word creator?
• Question 4

Here are pairs of words:

heating (he), inside (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

In
EDDIE SAYS
What is the pattern with this one? The first two letters of each word are used to make a new word: 'he' from 'heating' and 'in' from 'inside'.
• Question 5

Well, word wizard, you're halfway through already!

Here are pairs of words:

frame (me), rabbit(__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing two-letter word.

It
EDDIE SAYS
The pattern for these words is that the last two letters of each word are used to make a new word. This gives you 'me' from 'frame' and 'it' from rabbit'. You're doing really well with these!
• Question 6

Here are pairs of words:

actor (act), anyone(___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing three letter word.

Any
EDDIE SAYS
Did you find this one harder? This time the pattern was of THREE letters. The first three letters of the word are used to make a new word: 'act' from 'actor' and 'any' from 'anyone'.
• Question 7

Here are pairs of words:

chair (air), cottage (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing three letter word.

Age
EDDIE SAYS
The pattern with this one is you take the last three letters of each word to make a new word: take the letters 'air' from 'chair' and the letters 'age' from 'cottage'.
• Question 8

Here are pairs of words:

anybody (body), armband (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

Band
EDDIE SAYS
This time you take the last FOUR letters of each word to make a new word: 'body' from 'anybody' and 'band' from 'armband'. How are you getting on with these, word creator?
• Question 9

Here are pairs of words:

kindly (kind), keeping (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

Keep
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the pattern is that you need to take the first four letters to make a new word: 'kind' from 'kindly' and 'keep' from 'keeping'.
• Question 10

Well done, you've reached the final question!

Here are pairs of words:

funfair (fair), train (____)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing four letter word.

Rain
EDDIE SAYS
Did this catch you out because the original words are different lengths? Don't let that worry you - just look for the pattern in the first pairing and apply it to the second. In this case, you take the last four letters of each word to make a new word: 'fair' from 'funfair' and 'rain' from 'train'. Great work, word wizard!
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