# Apply the pattern to find the new word.

In this worksheet, students will find the missing word in a group of words. It will develop their ability to follow patterns and think systematically.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Merge

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Hi word creator!

In this activity, we are going to be using letters from one word to make a new word.

Look at the word pairs below. The second word is missing in one of the pairs.

fold (old)      late ( ____ )

The second word in the second pair is created using the same pattern as the first pair.

So you need to consider how the word fold becomes the word old. We have used the last three letters of the word fold to create the word old.

Now we have worked out the pattern. We must use the last three letters of the word late to make our mystery word. Our mystery word is ate.

fold [old]      late [ate]

Let’s try another:

Can you work out the pattern here?

lose (sole)        lame ( ____ )

How has the word lose become the word sole? The third and first letters have swapped around!

We need to apply the same pattern for the word lame. This gives us the missing word male.

Pssstt!! Here’s a handy hint to help you reach superstar status:

Always check which letters from the first word have been used to make the second word.

In this activity, you will need to be a word wizard and find the missing word in a pair. Let’s get started!

Are you ready for another challenge, word creator?

Here are pairs of words:

hairy (air), carts (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Ready for another one?

Here are pairs of words:

crams (ram), masks (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

think (in) spans (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

treats (eat), expand (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

peaches (each), prices (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

toasted (as), feather (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

You're getting there, word creator!

Here are pairs of words:

chatting (tin), sparrows (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

peeler (eel), winner (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are pairs of words:

further (the), recalls (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

The last question already ...phew!

Here are pairs of words:

scones (on), chores (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

• Question 1

Are you ready for another challenge, word creator?

Here are pairs of words:

hairy (air), carts (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Art
EDDIE SAYS
This was quite a tricky one to start with. Remember to look for the pattern in the first pair before you do anything else! In the word 'hairy', the second, third and fourth letters have been used to make the word 'air.' If we follow the same pattern for the word 'carts', we end up with the word 'art'. Great detecting skills!
• Question 2

Ready for another one?

Here are pairs of words:

crams (ram), masks (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

EDDIE SAYS
Once again, the second, third and fourth letters of the first word, 'crams', have been used to create the new word, 'ram'. If we apply this rule to the other pair, we get 'ask' from 'masks'.
• Question 3

Here are pairs of words:

think (in) spans (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

An
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this pattern? This time, the third and fourth letters of each word are used to make new words: 'in' from 'think' and 'an' from 'spans'.
• Question 4

Here are pairs of words:

treats (eat), expand (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Pan
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the third, fourth and fifth letters of each word are used to make new words: 'treats' becomes 'eat' and 'expand' becomes 'pan.' You're nearly halfway through this activity. Well done!
• Question 5

Here are pairs of words:

peaches (each), prices (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Rice
EDDIE SAYS
How did you find this one, word creator? The second, third, fourth and fifth letters of each word are used here to make new words: 'each' comes from 'peach' and 'rice' from 'prices'.
• Question 6

Here are pairs of words:

toasted (as), feather (__)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

At
EDDIE SAYS
This might look tricky because the words are quite long, but just follow the same rule! The pattern is simply that the third and fourth letters of each word are used to make new words: 'as' from 'toasted' and 'at' from 'feather'.
• Question 7

You're getting there, word creator!

Here are pairs of words:

chatting (tin), sparrows (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Row
EDDIE SAYS
Wow, these look tricky but remember - find the pattern! The fifth, sixth and seventh letters of 'chatting' have been used to make the word 'tin'. So, apply the same pattern to 'sparrows' and we are left with 'row'. Did you get that one?
• Question 8

Here are pairs of words:

peeler (eel), winner (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Inn
EDDIE SAYS
Did you find the pattern? The second, third and fourth letters of each word are used to make new words: 'eel' from 'peeler' and 'inn' from 'winner'. Have you come across the word 'inn' before? It's another word for a pub and in olden times travellers would stay at an inn to break their long journeys by horse!
• Question 9

Here are pairs of words:

further (the), recalls (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

All
EDDIE SAYS
What is the pattern here then, word creator? The fourth, fifth and sixth letters of each word are used to make new words. So we get 'the' from 'further' and 'all' from 'recalls'.
• Question 10

The last question already ...phew!

Here are pairs of words:

scones (on), chores (___)

The second word is missing in one of the pairs of words.

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Or
EDDIE SAYS
The final question! How did you get on with this one? The third and fourth letters of each word are used to make new words: 'on' from 'scones' and 'or' from 'chores'. Are you getting the hang of these now, word wizard? Why not try one final activity just to be sure?
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