# Match the Symbols by Finding the Relationship

In this worksheet, students will match pairs of shape-based symbols in the same way as a pair of examples. It will develop their ability to categorise and use skills such as rotation and mirror imaging.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Spatial and Non-Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Apply the Relationship

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Let’s go on a symbol spotting adventure!

We are going to compare images and see if we can find a relationship between them, which can help us to see how one of them has been turned into another.

In this question type, we are given two images and we need to work out how the first has been turned into the second.

These are some changes to look out for:

 Change Image Example The second image in each pair has been rotated (turned). The second image is shaded in a different way. The second image has been reflected (is a mirror image). Part of the second image has got bigger or smaller.

Once you understand the pattern between the first pair of images, you can then apply this to the following image and find its mystery partner.

Take a look at this example:

Which of these options would the final shape turn into?

a)         b)         c)         d)

The theme is that the second image has been rotated (turned) 90 degrees clockwise (the same direction that a clock’s hands go in).

This makes our correct answer c as this shows a pentagon that has been rotated 90 degrees.

In this activity, you will need to be a symbol superstar and match images based on a pattern that you will find.

Remember to work out how the first image changes into the second image to find the rule.

Don’t forget to remove any obviously incorrect answers at this point.

Let’s get started!

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

• Question 1

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
This is a rotation-themed question. The smiley face has been rotated a half turn (or 180 degrees) in the first pair. So we need to do the same to the cloud, which makes option b the best fit in the second pair. I wonder if it would still rain if the clouds were upside down?
• Question 2

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Nice try symbol detective! Here the entire first image has been shaded heavily, or turned from white to black. We need to make the same change in the second pair, with the cloud image. This makes option a the correct answer. Hopefully you weren't caught out by option b, as the raindrops have not been shaded here, which means that the whole image has not changed colour.
• Question 3

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
What has happened to the ice cream here? It has been made larger - that's a great change for an ice cream! We call this type of change an enlargement. We need to enlarge the cherries in a similar way. This makes option c the best fit in the second pair.
• Question 4

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to work this one out detective? How has the first symbol in the first pair changed to become the second? It has rotated a quarter turn (or 90 degrees) in a clockwise direction. This is the same direction that the hands of a clock moves in. We need to make the same change to the arrow in the second pair. This makes option d the correct answer. Hopefully you weren't caught out by option a, as this represents a quarter turn in an anti-clockwise direction. Option c cannot be correct, as it has lost its shading. Option b has been turned more than a quarter turn so also does not fit with the second pair.
• Question 5

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
This is a size-themed question. The shape in the first pair has become smaller, so we need to do the same with the star. Nothing else can change about the star apart from the size, which makes option a the best fit. You're a superstar detective if you got this one correct!
• Question 6

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How has the first set of balloons become the second set? They have been rotated a quarter of a turn (or 90 degrees) in an anti-clockwise direction. What would the ice lolly look like if we turned it a quarter turn in the same direction? That's right, it would look like option b. I hope you got that one correct detective. Let's try another one!
• Question 7

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How has the first sweet changed into the second sweet? It has changed from being heavily shaded to lightly shaded, or black to grey in colour. So we need to do the same to the cracked chocolate egg, which makes option c the correct answer. Which of these two treats would you prefer to eat?
• Question 8

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
How has the first shape in the first pair become the second? This image has been flipped over to make a mirror image or reflection. We need to do the same with the first image in the second pair. This makes option a the best fit in the second pair. Were you able to spot the flip there top detective?
• Question 9

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
It's another flipping question! The first pair of triangles shows a reflection using an imaginary vertical mirror. If we apply this same imaginary mirror to the second pair, we find that option d is the best fit. You can always hold a mirror up to the screen in these questions to help you if you need it.
• Question 10

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Don't get into the habit of doing a run of questions with the same change, and assuming that the next one must follow the same pattern. This question doesn't focus on flipping; this time it's back to shading. The squares in the first pair have changed from being heavily shaded or black, to no shading at all or white. We need to make the same change to the second pair. This makes option a the correct answer. Well done for reaching the end of this activity! Remember that you can also look for flips or reflections in this type of question too - another type of clue to add to your detective's toolkit.
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