# Match Symbols by Finding the Relationship

In this worksheet, students will match pairs of shape-based symbols in the same way as a pair of examples. It will develop their ability to categorise and use skills such as rotation and mirror imaging.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Spatial and Non-Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Apply the Relationship

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

Let’s go on a symbol spotting adventure!

We are going to compare images and see if we can find a relationship between them, which can help us to see how one of them has been turned into another.

In this question type, we are given two images and we need to work out how the first has been turned into the second.

These are some changes to look out for:

 Change Image Example The second image in each pair has been rotated (turned). The second image is shaded in a different way. The second image has been reflected (is a mirror image). Part of the second image has got bigger or smaller.

Once you understand the pattern between the first pair of images, you can then apply this to the following image and find its mystery partner.

Take a look at this example:

Which of these options would the final shape turn into?

a)         b)         c)         d)

The theme is that the second image has been rotated (turned) 90 degrees clockwise (the same direction that a clock’s hands go in).

This makes our correct answer c as this shows a pentagon that has been rotated 90 degrees.

In this activity, you will need to be a symbol superstar and match images based on a pattern that you will find.

Remember to work out how the first image changes into the second image to find the rule.

Don’t forget to remove any obviously incorrect answers at this point.

Let’s get started!

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

• Question 1

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot the clue here symbol detective? Did you notice how the first image in the first pair been changed to become the second image? It has been flipped to make a mirror image. We need to apply this same change to the first image of the second pair. This makes option b the best fit in the second pair. Try not to get caught out bu option a, as the colours of the semi-circles have moved order.
• Question 2

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
This is a rotation-themed question. The first image has been rotated a quarter of a turn (or 90 degrees) in a clockwise direction. We need to do the same to the first image of the second pair. If we do this, option a is the correct answer. Hopefully you weren't distracted by option b, as the clack semi-circles have been swapped around here - very sneaky!
• Question 3

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Nice try detective! How has the first image in the first pair changed to become the second image? All of the outlines have become thicker, as if someone has gone over them with a felt-tip pen. We need to apply this same change to the first image in the second pair. If we do this, option d shows us the correct image. Try not to get caught out by the red herrings, which are options b and c (a red herring is a false clue that tries to catch you out). At first glance the lines may look thicker, but the changes have not been applied to every line so options b and c are incorrect.
• Question 4

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Here we have a shading change question. The first image has gone from being stripy to heavily shaded in black. We need to make this same change to the first image in the second pair. If we do, we find that option b is the correct answer. Be careful of option d detective - it still has one section which is stripy. When more than one shape is involved in an image, we always need to consider if a change is occurring to PART or ALL of the image.
• Question 5

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What has changed here? The size or proportion of the shaded are has doubled. In the first image, a quarter of the shape is shaded. In the second image, half is shaded. We need to apply this same change to the circle. This makes option c the correct answer. You're doing some great detective work! Let's try another one.
• Question 6

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Part of the first image has been enlarged here. If you look closely, you will see that only the outer shape (the triangle) has been enlarged whilst the inner shape (the circle) has stayed the same. We need to apply the same change to the square in the first image of the second pair. If we enlarge the square, we find that option c is the correct answer. Don't be caught out by option b, as it has had the inner shape enlarged too.
• Question 7

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
This is a mirror image-themed question. The first image in the pair has been flipped to create the second image. We need to apply the same change with the second pair. If we do this, we find that option a is the correct answer. Did you spot that one detective?
• Question 8

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What has changed here shape sorter? This is a tricky one... Each section of the shape has turned one shade darker, whilst the darkest part has turned white. We need to apply the same change to the circle image which starts the second pair. If we do this, we find that option b is the best fit with the second pair. Don't be confused by a number of changes. One way to work on these is to take one change at a time and eliminate the wrong answers. Here, the inner white shape has turned grey. The same change needs to happen in the second pair, so this rules out options a, c and d straightaway. Don't these shapes look like strange alien eyeballs!
• Question 9

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Two things have changed at once here! So this one is a bit of a challenge... The shape has been enlarged AND had diagonal stripes added to it. We need to apply this same change to the circle in the second pair. When we do this, we find that option b is the correct answer. Watch out for sneaky option d - this may look like the right answer but the stripes are going in the wrong direction.
• Question 10

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Two things have changed at once here! Were you able to spot them? The inner shape has been enlarged AND it has also been heavily shaded. We need to do the same with the first image in the second pair. If we do this then we find that option c is the best fit. Great work! We have to keep our detective's eyes peeled for more than one change in some of these questions, so be sure to practise this skill moving forwards.
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