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Apply letter positioning patterns.

In this worksheet, students will find the missing word in a group of words. It will develop their ability to follow patterns and think systematically.

'Apply letter positioning patterns.' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:  Word Merge

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Hi word creator!


In this activity, we are going to be using letters from two words to make a new word.


Here are two groups of words. Letters from the two words on the outside of the brackets are used to create the word on the inside of the brackets.

yawn  (awash)  mash     pear ( ____ )  curly


We need to work out how yawn and mash can be joined to make the word awash, and then use this same rule to make a word with pear and curly.


In this case, we take the middle two letters of the first word and the last three letters of the third word.

yawn  (awash)  mash          pear  ( ____ )  curly

 

boy yawning
 

So the answer is early!


Let’s try another:

Can you work out the pattern here?

east  (self)  flow      lips ( ____ ) does


 

We need to work out how east and flow combine to make self.


 

The third letter from east goes with the first letter in self.

This means we need to use the third letter from lips in the first letter position of our mystery word, so it looks like this so far...p _ _ _

The first letter from east goes to the second letter in self. So we need to use the first letter from lips in the second letter position in our mystery word...pl _ _

The second letter from flow goes to the third letter in self. So we need to use the second letter from does in the third letter position in our mystery word...plo _

The first letter from flow goes to the fourth letter in self. We need to use the first letter from does in the fourth letter position in our mystery word...plod is the answer!


 

Pssstt!! Here’s a handy hint to help you reach superstar status:

Always check which letters from the first word have been used to make the second word.


 

In this activity, you will need to be a word wizard and find the missing word in a pair. Let’s get started!

Hello again, word creator. Here's another word merging activity for you to try!

Here are groups of words:

 

trolls (tram) clam,  crinkle (___) shabby

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

comedy (coal) meal,  wilderness (___) sing

   

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

peacock (each) bench,   one (____) wizard

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first group, find the missing word.

How are you doing, word creator?

Here are groups of words:

 

flavour (lane) hornet,  produce (___) houses

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.  

Halfway there now!

Here are pairs of words:

 

snail (ailing) pouncing,  pleasant (___) lovelier

  

 

Following the same pattern as the first group, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

carrots (am) family,  impressive (___) thereafter

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first group. find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

dungarees (garlic) metabolic,  substantial (____) meatballs

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.  

Here are groups of words:

 

tomatoes (to) hero,  mustard (___) funny

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

onion (nice) bounce,  challenge (___) secondly

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

Here's your last question!

Here are groups of words:

 

mouse (sent) pleasant,  basketball (___) doorstep

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

  • Question 1

Hello again, word creator. Here's another word merging activity for you to try!

Here are groups of words:

 

trolls (tram) clam,  crinkle (___) shabby

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Crab
EDDIE SAYS
Did you find this one a bit tricky? The pattern that worked was that the first and second letters of the first word were added to the third and fourth letters of the third word to make a new word. Did you think that the pattern was to take the final two letters off the third word rather than the third and fourth? In the first group, this was the same letter combination because there were only four letters! But if you had gone with this pattern for the second group, you would have ended up with the letter combination 'crby' which is clearly incorrect! Always look carefully, especially with short words, and make sure that the pattern will work with both groups.
  • Question 2

Here are groups of words:

 

comedy (coal) meal,  wilderness (___) sing

   

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Wing
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this one? The pattern was: take the first two letters from the first word and the last two letters from the third word and join them together to make a new word. Simple isn't it when you break it down.
  • Question 3

Here are groups of words:

 

peacock (each) bench,   one (____) wizard

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first group, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Near
EDDIE SAYS
Watch out, the wizard is near! So, how did you get on with this one? The pattern was to take the second and third letters from the first word, and the fourth and fifth letters from the third word and join them to make a new word. Well done with your word creating!
  • Question 4

How are you doing, word creator?

Here are groups of words:

 

flavour (lane) hornet,  produce (___) houses

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.  

CORRECT ANSWER
Rose
EDDIE SAYS
OK, let's see what the pattern was. The second and third letters from the first word and the fourth and fifth letters of the third word have been joined to make a new word. Fabulous!
  • Question 5

Halfway there now!

Here are pairs of words:

 

snail (ailing) pouncing,  pleasant (___) lovelier

  

 

Following the same pattern as the first group, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Easier
EDDIE SAYS
So, are you ready for it - the pattern was: the third, fourth and fifth letters of the first word have been added to the sixth, seventh and eighth letters of the third word to make a new word. Complicated isn't it!! Keep it up, you're halfway there!
  • Question 6

Here are groups of words:

 

carrots (am) family,  impressive (___) thereafter

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first group. find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Me
EDDIE SAYS
This looked as if it was going to be a big one with those impressive words but we've ended up with the tiniest words! The pattern took only one letter from each word! The second letter of the first word was added to the third letter of the third word to make a new word. How did you do with this one?
  • Question 7

Here are groups of words:

 

dungarees (garlic) metabolic,  substantial (____) meatballs

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.  

CORRECT ANSWER
Stalls
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? In each group, the fourth, fifth and sixth letters of the first word have been added to the seventh, eighth and ninth letters of the third word. This has given us the new word 'stalls' made from 'sta' and 'lls'. Are you getting the hang of these yet?
  • Question 8

Here are groups of words:

 

tomatoes (to) hero,  mustard (___) funny

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
My
EDDIE SAYS
In this question, the first letter of the first word and the last letter of the third word have been joined to make a new (and very small) word. Getting there!
  • Question 9

Here are groups of words:

 

onion (nice) bounce,  challenge (___) secondly

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Hand
EDDIE SAYS
Challenging stuff! In each group, the second and third letters of the first word and the fifth and sixth letters of the third word have been joined to make a new word. Did you need a 'hand' with this one?
  • Question 10

Here's your last question!

Here are groups of words:

 

mouse (sent) pleasant,  basketball (___) doorstep

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first pair, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Keep
EDDIE SAYS
So, what was the last pattern? The fourth and fifth letters of the first word have been added to the seventh and eighth letters of the third word to make a new word. Well done, you've completed this activity. Keep up the hard work, word creator!
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