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Making Words Shorter: Using Apostrophes 3

In this worksheet, students learn how to use an apostrophe to shorten words (contraction).

'Making Words Shorter: Using Apostrophes 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Word Reading

Curriculum subtopic:   Read Words with Contractions

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

When we shorten words we use apostrophes to show that letters have been missed out.

does not / doesn't

she is / she's

they are / they're

 

Sometimes the same shortened form can stand for more than one full version.

for example:

She would come if she could. / She'd come if she could.

She had been to feed the ducks in the park. / She'd been to feed the ducks in the park.

 

We use 'd to shorten both the words would and had, but people can understand what we mean when they read the whole sentence.

 

Another shortened form that stands for more than one full version is 's.

It is Monday today. / It's Monday today.

It has been raining all morning. / It's been raining all morning.

 

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

She's been learning the violin for three years.

She is

She has

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

They'd go to Disneyworld if they could afford it.

They had

They would

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

Paul said he'd been to the match on Saturday.

he had

he would

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

They say it's going to snow tomorrow.

it is

it has

For the next six questions you need to write out the whole sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

Carly doesn't cry much even though she's only a baby.

Write out both sentences, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

We haven't got any time to waste! The train's going in two minutes!

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

Oliver said he'd come if he wasn't busy.

Write out both sentences, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

You can't do that! You'll be in trouble if you're caught!

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

I wasn't allowed to stay up and watch the game, but I'd have loved to.

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

We could've won if you hadn't missed that penalty.

  • Question 1

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

She's been learning the violin for three years.

CORRECT ANSWER
She has
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? We can use an apostrophe to shorten and combine two words together. In this example we need to look at which true form makes sense within the sentence. 'She has' makes sense within the sentence as it shows that it has already happened.
  • Question 2

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

They'd go to Disneyworld if they could afford it.

CORRECT ANSWER
They would
EDDIE SAYS
Again here you need to look at which option makes sense within the sentence. 'They would go to Disneyworld if they could afford it.' Give the next question a try.
  • Question 3

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

Paul said he'd been to the match on Saturday.

CORRECT ANSWER
he had
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it right? Look at the tense of the sentence. Is it written in the past or present tense? 'He would' suggests that it hasn't happened yet, whereas 'he had' suggest that it has already happened. The sentence is written in the past tense so the first option is correct. Keep up the good effort.
  • Question 4

Read the sentence and decide what the full version of the shortened form should be.

 

They say it's going to snow tomorrow.

CORRECT ANSWER
it is
EDDIE SAYS
The trick is to read the sentence aloud with both options. Which one sounds correct? Look at the tense if the sentence. The sentence is written in the future tense, it has not yet happened. 'It is' is the correct answer as it suggests it hasn't snowed yet.
  • Question 5

For the next six questions you need to write out the whole sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

Carly doesn't cry much even though she's only a baby.

CORRECT ANSWER
Carly does not cry much even though she is only a baby.
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? Did you write both contractions in full? The first one 'doesn't' becomes 'does not'. The second contraction 'she's' becomes 'she is'. Remember a contraction is two words that have been made into one word. An apostrophe is used to show that there are letters missing.
  • Question 6

Write out both sentences, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

We haven't got any time to waste! The train's going in two minutes!

CORRECT ANSWER
We have not got any time to waste! The train is going in two minutes!
EDDIE SAYS
Are you getting the hang of this? The first contraction 'haven't' becomes 'have not'. The second might be harder to spot! The contraction 'train's' has been shortened for 'train is'. You have got this!
  • Question 7

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

Oliver said he'd come if he wasn't busy.

CORRECT ANSWER
Oliver said he would come if he was not busy.
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? 'He'd' is a shortened form for 'he would' and 'wasn't' is the shortened form for 'was not'. Keep going!
  • Question 8

Write out both sentences, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

You can't do that! You'll be in trouble if you're caught!

CORRECT ANSWER
You cannot do that! You will be in trouble if you are caught!
You can not do that! You will be in trouble if you are caught!
EDDIE SAYS
Now this time there were 3 contractions to write in their true form. The first is 'can't'. This is the shortened form for 'cannot'. Usually 'cannot' is written as one word instead of two. 'You'll' is the shortened form for 'you will'. Finally the third contraction is 'you're'. This should be written as 'you are'. Nearly there super star!
  • Question 9

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

I wasn't allowed to stay up and watch the game, but I'd have loved to.

CORRECT ANSWER
I was not allowed to stay up and watch the game, but I would have loved to.
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? 'Wasn't' is the shortened form for 'was not' and 'I'd' becomes 'I would'.
  • Question 10

Write out the sentence, using the full versions of words instead of shortened versions.

 

We could've won if you hadn't missed that penalty.

CORRECT ANSWER
We could have won if you had not missed that penalty.
EDDIE SAYS
This could be tricky. A lot of people (including grown-ups!) write 'could of' instead of 'could have' but it is wrong. The short form 'could've' always stands for 'could have'. 'Hadn't' is the shortened form for 'had not'. High five for effort!
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