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Understand Relative Clauses 2

In this worksheet, students look at more sentences with relative clauses and consider the best relative pronoun to use each time.

'Understand Relative Clauses 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:  Relative Clause Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A relative clause is a special type of subordinate clause that gives more information about the noun that comes before it.

I threw the ball to the boy who was wearing a blue coat.

 

Relative clauses usually begin with a relative pronoun such as who, which, where, when, whose and that. It can sometimes be tricky to know which pronoun to choose.

 

Some are straightforward. We use who for people, when for times and where for places.

The pupil who won the prize had written a very good essay.

Granny always talks about the time when she was young.

Glasgow is the city where I was born.

 

When we are talking about objects we can either use  that or which.

The book which I need is too high up on the shelves to reach.

The book that I need is too high up on the shelves to reach.

 

The relative pronoun whose is used to show who owns something.

That's the man whose dog bit my brother.

 

It is easy to muddle up whose with who's, which is not a pronoun at all but is short for who is or who has.

 

In this worksheet you can practise choosing the correct relative pronoun to use.

Choose the correct relative pronoun to complete the following sentence.

 

I know a lot of people __________ would like to go to Disney World.

where

when

whose

who

Again, choose the correct relative pronoun.

 

The 19th century was a time __________ many children had no education.

who

when

where

which

Which is the correct pronoun this time?

 

That's the girl __________ brother has been picked to play cricket for the county.

that

who

whose

when

This time there is more than one correct answer. Tick two boxes.

 

Greyhounds __________ are too old to race any more are retired and can be adopted as pets.

which

when

whose

that

When we talk or write about animals it can be tricky. We usually use the relative pronoun that, but for pets or animals that we know by name, we often use who.

 

Which relative pronoun should be used to complete this sentence?

 

Rhinos __________ live in southern Africa are often hunted for their horns.

who

that

Which pronoun should be used this time?

 

My dog Pippa, __________ is nearly eleven, had to go to the vet yesterday.

who

that

Tick the correct way of completing the sentence below.

 

__________ that coming down the drive? Oh, it's only the postman.

Whose

Who's

Which one is correct this time?

 

I need to know __________ broken the window.

whose

who's

Which one is correct this time?

 

I'm looking for the person __________ bag was left lying on the playground.

whose

who's

Which is the correct one this time?

 

Please let me know __________ parents can come and help on the trip.

whose

who's

  • Question 1

Choose the correct relative pronoun to complete the following sentence.

 

I know a lot of people __________ would like to go to Disney World.

CORRECT ANSWER
who
EDDIE SAYS
Great effort. Remember when we are talking about people, we use the pronoun 'who' to link the noun to the relative clause.
  • Question 2

Again, choose the correct relative pronoun.

 

The 19th century was a time __________ many children had no education.

CORRECT ANSWER
when
EDDIE SAYS
Great to see you trying. In this example we are talking about a period of time, so the correct pronoun is 'when'. If your stuck you can look back at the introduction where each relative pronoun is explained.
  • Question 3

Which is the correct pronoun this time?

 

That's the girl __________ brother has been picked to play cricket for the county.

CORRECT ANSWER
whose
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! The boy in the sentence is the brother of the girl, so he belongs to her in a way. The correct pronoun is 'whose'. Keep it up!
  • Question 4

This time there is more than one correct answer. Tick two boxes.

 

Greyhounds __________ are too old to race any more are retired and can be adopted as pets.

CORRECT ANSWER
which
that
EDDIE SAYS
You getting the hang of this now? Remember when we are talking about objects we can use either 'which' or 'that'. So both of these are correct as they can both link the noun to the relative clause.
  • Question 5

When we talk or write about animals it can be tricky. We usually use the relative pronoun that, but for pets or animals that we know by name, we often use who.

 

Which relative pronoun should be used to complete this sentence?

 

Rhinos __________ live in southern Africa are often hunted for their horns.

CORRECT ANSWER
that
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it right? We are talking about rhinos in general and they are wild animals not pets, so 'that' is more suitable than 'who'. You've got this!
  • Question 6

Which pronoun should be used this time?

 

My dog Pippa, __________ is nearly eleven, had to go to the vet yesterday.

CORRECT ANSWER
who
EDDIE SAYS
Keep going! Remember the last question told us that when we know the animals name we use the pronoun 'Who'. It is more suitable this time, as Pippa is a pet.
  • Question 7

Tick the correct way of completing the sentence below.

 

__________ that coming down the drive? Oh, it's only the postman.

CORRECT ANSWER
Who's
EDDIE SAYS
This is a trick question. 'Who's' is short for 'who is'. This is a question and does not need a relative pronoun. We only use the pronoun 'whose' to show when someone owns something. 'The girl, whose bike was blue, rode down the road.'
  • Question 8

Which one is correct this time?

 

I need to know __________ broken the window.

CORRECT ANSWER
who's
EDDIE SAYS
Think about what each pronoun is used for. We only use 'whose' to show ownership. We do not know who the window belongs to and we aren't talking about 'whose' window it is. 'Who's' is correct, but this time it is short for 'who has'. The speaker is asking a question.
  • Question 9

Which one is correct this time?

 

I'm looking for the person __________ bag was left lying on the playground.

CORRECT ANSWER
whose
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it? This time we need the relative pronoun 'whose'. The teacher wants to know who the bag belongs to. Nearly done!
  • Question 10

Which is the correct one this time?

 

Please let me know __________ parents can come and help on the trip.

CORRECT ANSWER
whose
EDDIE SAYS
Again, the relative pronoun 'whose' is correct as the parents belong to the children (if you see what I mean!).
---- OR ----

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