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Use Comprehension Skills to Read Myths

In this worksheet, students will be asked to use comprehension skills to read and understand a mythical text.

'Use Comprehension Skills to Read Myths' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Increase Range of Texts

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this activity, you will become more familiar with a mythical text and how to answer questions about it.

 

What is a myth?

A myth is a fictional piece of writing.

Over time, myths have been used to explore gods, fantasy creatures and explain natural phenomena.

 

Top tips when answering questions about a text:

First of all, read through the text twice.

If you reach a word with a capital letter that you don't understand, it will be the name of something/someone, move on.

If you reach a word you don't know the meaning of, read around the sentence for clues to help you to understand it.

When you are asked to give evidence in an answer, always use words/ key phrases from the text to back up your opinion.

You don't have to answer the questions in order, if you find a tricky one, just move on, you can always return to it later!

Remember that reading comprehension is not a memory test, all of the information you need to answer the question will be within the text.

 

Now it's over to you!

A well-known Ancient Greek myth is 'Theseus and the Minotaur'.

 

Read this extract from the myth below:

"The powerful King of Crete, named Minos, kept a terrifying creature as a pet.

This beast was half man, half bull, its name was the Minotaur."

 

Can you choose the adjective that best describes the Minotaur below?

Tall

Frightening

Weathered

Devious

Read this extract from 'Theseus and the Minotaur' carefully:

 

"King Minos enjoyed attacking the city of Athens, he viewed it as a sport! The King of Athens, Aegeus became desperate and wanted Minos to stop attacking his people.

He made a deal with Minos that if he sent seven men and seven women to King Minos every year, Minos would leave them alone.

King Minos was delighted, it meant more food for his beloved pet!"

 

What happened to the seven men and seven women who were sent to King Minos?

 

They were made to work as slaves

They were allowed to do whatever they wished

They were fed to the Minotaur!

They became soldiers

Reading the same part of 'Theseus and the Minotaur' carefully, answer the question below.

 

"King Minos enjoyed attacking the city of Athens, he viewed it as a sport! The King of Athens, Aegeus became desperate and wanted Minos to stop attacking his people.

He made a deal with Minos that if he sent seven men and seven women to King Minos every year, Minos would leave them alone.

King Minos was delighted, it meant more food for his beloved pet!"

 

Why did King Aegeus come to an agreement with King Minos?

 

 Because he wanted to protect his peopleBecause he was proudBecause he liked King MinosBecause he liked war
Why did King Aegeus make a deal?

Surprisingly, King Minos kept his word, as did King Aegeus, so the attacks stopped. However, 14 unfortunate Athenians were still sent every year to meet their awful fate against the Minotaur.

King Aegeus had a son, Prince Theseus, who could not tolerate what was happening to his people. So, he decided to sail to Crete to destroy the Minotaur.

 

After reading this extract, can you match the fragmented text correctly?

 

Column A

Column B

The kings kept their promises so
sent to meet the Minotaur every year.
Sadly, 14 Athenians were still
the attacks stopped.
Prince Theseus felt saddened and outraged,
and sail to defeat the Minotaur.
Theseus decided to take a crew
he decided to fight back.

Prince Theseus travelled to Crete with the six men and seven women, he was classed as the seventh man for the beast.

When they arrived, he was greeted by King Minos and his beautiful daughter, Ariadne.

 

In the box below, type the adjective to describe the Princess.

Princess Ariadne decided to help Prince Theseus. She told him to tie a ball of string to the door handle once he was trapped inside the maze, the labyrinth in which the beast lived. This meant he would be able to find his way out, she also gave him a sword to protect himself.

Ariadne did make Theseus promise that he would take her with him back to his home so that all of his people could marvel at her beauty!

 

Can you complete the blanks below using this extract?

Princess Ariadne decided to help Prince Theseus. She told him to tie a ball of string to the door handle once he was trapped inside the maze, the labyrinth in which the beast lived. This meant he would be able to find his way out, she also gave him a sword to protect himself.

Ariadne did make Theseus promise that he would take her with him back to his home so that all of his people could marvel at her beauty!

 

The Minotaur lived in a maze, can you write the other word used to describe it in the box?

The following day, Prince Theseus and the other sacrifices were locked in the Minotaur's labyrinth. 

Theseus firmly tied the string to the door handle and cautiously tiptoed into the beast's lair. Upon finding the Minotaur, Theseus killed it using the sharp sword Ariadne had given to him.

Thankfully, the ball of string method worked and Theseus and his fellow Athenians all escaped out of the maze.

 

Which word in the passage best describes how the Athenians were viewed by King Minos?

Following the death of the monstrous beast, Prince Theseus, Princess Ariadne and the Athenians sailed away.

On the return journey, they stopped at a minuscule island, Naxos for crucial supplies. 

Ariadne became bored on the island and she soon fell asleep, whilst asleep, the Athenians all admired her beauty (just as she had wished!)

However, in a sudden turn of events, Theseus decided to leave Ariadne on Naxos and quietly, he and the rest of the Athenians sailed away.

 

Which set of words best describes Theseus' character?

 

 

 

 

Weak and scared

Brave and cunning

Brave and caring

Caring and thoughtful

Think back to the myth you have just read, 'Theseus and the Minotaur'.

Then, carefully match each statement to the correct, corresponding ending.

 

 

Column A

Column B

Main characters =
that includes fantasy beasts, gods and natural phe...
Where does the Minotaur live?
Theseus, Ariadne, King Minos, King Aegeus
Where does Prince Theseus live?
Crete
A myth is a fictional piece of writing
Athens
  • Question 1

A well-known Ancient Greek myth is 'Theseus and the Minotaur'.

 

Read this extract from the myth below:

"The powerful King of Crete, named Minos, kept a terrifying creature as a pet.

This beast was half man, half bull, its name was the Minotaur."

 

Can you choose the adjective that best describes the Minotaur below?

CORRECT ANSWER
Frightening
EDDIE SAYS
In the extract, the Minotaur is described as "terrifying" therefore the adjective most similar (a synonym) is 'frightening'.
  • Question 2

Read this extract from 'Theseus and the Minotaur' carefully:

 

"King Minos enjoyed attacking the city of Athens, he viewed it as a sport! The King of Athens, Aegeus became desperate and wanted Minos to stop attacking his people.

He made a deal with Minos that if he sent seven men and seven women to King Minos every year, Minos would leave them alone.

King Minos was delighted, it meant more food for his beloved pet!"

 

What happened to the seven men and seven women who were sent to King Minos?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
They were fed to the Minotaur!
EDDIE SAYS
How did you find answering a question about this part of the myth? Unfortunately, the poor men and women sent to King Minos were fed to his pet at mealtimes!
  • Question 3

Reading the same part of 'Theseus and the Minotaur' carefully, answer the question below.

 

"King Minos enjoyed attacking the city of Athens, he viewed it as a sport! The King of Athens, Aegeus became desperate and wanted Minos to stop attacking his people.

He made a deal with Minos that if he sent seven men and seven women to King Minos every year, Minos would leave them alone.

King Minos was delighted, it meant more food for his beloved pet!"

 

Why did King Aegeus come to an agreement with King Minos?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
 Because he wanted to protect his peopleBecause he was proudBecause he liked King MinosBecause he liked war
Why did King Aegeus make a deal?
EDDIE SAYS
Are you starting to feel more confident? King Aegeus made a deal because he wanted to protect his people. He wanted King Minos to stop attacking them so he decided by sending seven men and seven women each year, he would save more lives than if King Minos kept attacking their city.
  • Question 4

Surprisingly, King Minos kept his word, as did King Aegeus, so the attacks stopped. However, 14 unfortunate Athenians were still sent every year to meet their awful fate against the Minotaur.

King Aegeus had a son, Prince Theseus, who could not tolerate what was happening to his people. So, he decided to sail to Crete to destroy the Minotaur.

 

After reading this extract, can you match the fragmented text correctly?

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

The kings kept their promises so
the attacks stopped.
Sadly, 14 Athenians were still
sent to meet the Minotaur every y...
Prince Theseus felt saddened and ...
he decided to fight back.
Theseus decided to take a crew
and sail to defeat the Minotaur.
EDDIE SAYS
There was a lot to read here- how did you get on? Remember to take your time and then carefully match the fragmented pieces of text.
  • Question 5

Prince Theseus travelled to Crete with the six men and seven women, he was classed as the seventh man for the beast.

When they arrived, he was greeted by King Minos and his beautiful daughter, Ariadne.

 

In the box below, type the adjective to describe the Princess.

CORRECT ANSWER
beautiful
EDDIE SAYS
Did you work out who the Princess is? The Princess is the daughter of King Minos, her name is Ariadne and she is described as 'beautiful'.
  • Question 6

Princess Ariadne decided to help Prince Theseus. She told him to tie a ball of string to the door handle once he was trapped inside the maze, the labyrinth in which the beast lived. This meant he would be able to find his way out, she also gave him a sword to protect himself.

Ariadne did make Theseus promise that he would take her with him back to his home so that all of his people could marvel at her beauty!

 

Can you complete the blanks below using this extract?

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
You had to read the extract carefully in order to retrieve the correct words. The passage should read as follows: Princess Ariadne helped Theseus, she gave him a ball of string and a sword. Ariadne wanted to travel back with Theseus so everyone could appreciate her beauty!
  • Question 7

Princess Ariadne decided to help Prince Theseus. She told him to tie a ball of string to the door handle once he was trapped inside the maze, the labyrinth in which the beast lived. This meant he would be able to find his way out, she also gave him a sword to protect himself.

Ariadne did make Theseus promise that he would take her with him back to his home so that all of his people could marvel at her beauty!

 

The Minotaur lived in a maze, can you write the other word used to describe it in the box?

CORRECT ANSWER
labyrinth
EDDIE SAYS
In the passage, the maze, the home of the Minotaur is also referred to as the labyrinth. Labyrinth is another word for maze, a complicated series of passages or walkways.
  • Question 8

The following day, Prince Theseus and the other sacrifices were locked in the Minotaur's labyrinth. 

Theseus firmly tied the string to the door handle and cautiously tiptoed into the beast's lair. Upon finding the Minotaur, Theseus killed it using the sharp sword Ariadne had given to him.

Thankfully, the ball of string method worked and Theseus and his fellow Athenians all escaped out of the maze.

 

Which word in the passage best describes how the Athenians were viewed by King Minos?

CORRECT ANSWER
sacrifices
EDDIE SAYS
You had to carefully unpick the text for this one! 'Sacrifices' best describes how King Minos viewed the Athenian people. He saw them as sacrifices for his beloved beast to eat.
  • Question 9

Following the death of the monstrous beast, Prince Theseus, Princess Ariadne and the Athenians sailed away.

On the return journey, they stopped at a minuscule island, Naxos for crucial supplies. 

Ariadne became bored on the island and she soon fell asleep, whilst asleep, the Athenians all admired her beauty (just as she had wished!)

However, in a sudden turn of events, Theseus decided to leave Ariadne on Naxos and quietly, he and the rest of the Athenians sailed away.

 

Which set of words best describes Theseus' character?

 

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Brave and cunning
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? The pair of words that best describes Theseus is 'brave and cunning'. He was certainly incredibly brave when he defeated the Minotaur, however, he was cunning when he decided to quietly leave Ariadne on the island of Naxos.
  • Question 10

Think back to the myth you have just read, 'Theseus and the Minotaur'.

Then, carefully match each statement to the correct, corresponding ending.

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Main characters =
Theseus, Ariadne, King Minos, Kin...
Where does the Minotaur live?
Crete
Where does Prince Theseus live?
Athens
A myth is a fictional piece of wr...
that includes fantasy beasts, god...
EDDIE SAYS
The four statements which summarise the myth are: Main characters = Theseus, Ariadne, King Minos, King Aegeus. Where does the Minotaur live? Crete. Where does Prince Theseus live? Athens. A myth is a fictional piece of writing that includes fantasy beasts, gods and natural phenomena. Great work, you've completed another activity! How about attempting another one so you feel super confident?
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