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Use Knowledge of Etymology to Help Spell Words 2

In this worksheet, students look at further examples of words with Greek or Latin roots to help them with their spelling.

'Use Knowledge of Etymology to Help Spell Words 2' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Transcription

Curriculum subtopic:   Spelling Awareness (use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The etymology of a word is the study of where it came from and how its meaning has changed. If we know the origin of a word and what it used to mean it can help us to understand and spell it.

 

 

The English language has a lot of words that originally came from other languages, especially Latin and Greek. For example, the English prefix therm- comes from a Greek word meaning 'heat'. If we know this it helps us to understand and spell words like thermal and thermometer.

 

Look at the table below. It contains words (or parts of words) that have come from Latin or Greek. They are often used as prefixes and suffixes, and can sometimes be found in the middle of modern words, too. Try to memorise their spellings and what they mean, as you will need them to complete this worksheet.

 

Greek or Latin word Etymology
graph (Greek) draw or write
photo (Greek) light
spect (Latin) look
dorm (Latin) sleep
tele (Greek) far away

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box. See if you can do it without looking back at the introduction page, but do check if you are not sure.

 

My best friend has gone to boarding school. She sleeps in a __________ with five other girls.

 

doarmitory

dormitory

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

My mum says I spend too much time watching __________ and I should go out and get more exercise.

 

tellivision

television

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

An __________ came into our classroom to watch our literacy lesson.

 

inspecktor

inspector

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

Joe's mum bought two copies of his school __________ so that she could give one to his granny.

 

photograph

fotograph

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

The fireworks display created a wonderful __________ above the River Thames.

 

specktacle

spectacle

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

If you have a good __________ you can get an amazing view of the stars on a clear night.

 

tellescope

telescope

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

All the __________ roared and cheered when the winning goal was scored.

 

spectators

specktators

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

Green plants use the energy from sunlight to turn carbon dioxide and water into nutrients. This is called __________.

 

fotosynthesis

photosynthesis

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

A __________ volcano is one that has not erupted for a long time.

 

doormant

dormant

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

People say that pencils have lead in them but really it's __________.

 

grafite

graphite

  • Question 1

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box. See if you can do it without looking back at the introduction page, but do check if you are not sure.

 

My best friend has gone to boarding school. She sleeps in a __________ with five other girls.

 

doarmitory

dormitory

CORRECT ANSWER
dormitory
EDDIE SAYS
The word begins with dorm-, which comes from the Latin word for sleep. A dormitory is a room you share with other people. Good effort.
  • Question 2

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

My mum says I spend too much time watching __________ and I should go out and get more exercise.

 

tellivision

television

CORRECT ANSWER
television
EDDIE SAYS
High five! The word begins with tele-, which comes from the Greek word for far away. If you watch television you are watching something that has been broadcast from a long way away.
  • Question 3

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

An __________ came into our classroom to watch our literacy lesson.

 

inspecktor

inspector

CORRECT ANSWER
inspector
EDDIE SAYS
The word contains spect, which comes from the Latin word for look. If you inspect something you are looking closely at it. Keep up the good work!
  • Question 4

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

Joe's mum bought two copies of his school __________ so that she could give one to his granny.

 

photograph

fotograph

CORRECT ANSWER
photograph
EDDIE SAYS
Looking good! This word contains photo, meaning light, and graph, meaning to draw or write. Both words come from Greek.
  • Question 5

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

The fireworks display created a wonderful __________ above the River Thames.

 

specktacle

spectacle

CORRECT ANSWER
spectacle
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic try! The word begins with spect-, which comes from the Latin word for looking at. Spectacles are also another name for glasses.
  • Question 6

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

If you have a good __________ you can get an amazing view of the stars on a clear night.

 

tellescope

telescope

CORRECT ANSWER
telescope
EDDIE SAYS
The word begins with tele-, which comes from the Greek word for far away. Scope also comes from Greek and means to look at something. You've got this!
  • Question 7

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

All the __________ roared and cheered when the winning goal was scored.

 

spectators

specktators

CORRECT ANSWER
spectators
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! The word begins with spect-, which comes from the Latin word for looking. Spectators are people who watch an event.
  • Question 8

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

Green plants use the energy from sunlight to turn carbon dioxide and water into nutrients. This is called __________.

 

fotosynthesis

photosynthesis

CORRECT ANSWER
photosynthesis
EDDIE SAYS
The word begins with photo-, which comes from the Greek word for light.
  • Question 9

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

A __________ volcano is one that has not erupted for a long time.

 

doormant

dormant

CORRECT ANSWER
dormant
EDDIE SAYS
Nearly there super star! The word begins with dorm-, which comes from the Latin word for sleeping.
  • Question 10

Decide which is the correct spelling of the missing word below and copy it into the answer box.

 

People say that pencils have lead in them but really it's __________.

 

grafite

graphite

CORRECT ANSWER
graphite
EDDIE SAYS
Epic effort! The word begins with graph-, which comes from the Greek word for writing or drawing. Graphite got its name because it was commonly used in pencils.
---- OR ----

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