What are hyphens?
A hyphen is shorter than a dash and joins words together.
We do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the words.
For example: twenty-five
We use hyphens to join a prefix to a root word.
When should we use hyphens?
In numbers between 21-99 (don't use hyphens for multiples of 10, e.g. 20,30).
For example: sixty-five' or 'one hundred and twenty-two
When a person's age is written before a noun or instead of a noun.
For example: 'I have a two-year-old son who loves to jump around.'
When time is written before a noun or instead of a noun.
For example: 'she caught the twelve-o'clock train.'
4. In names
When surnames of two names are joined together (double barreled).
For example: Mary Taylor-Smith
A hyphen is put between two place names.
For example: 'I caught the London-Bristol train.'
6. To avoid doubling a vowel.
For example: anti-art
7. To avoid tripling a consonant.
For example: shell-like
8. To prevent ambiguity, misreading or mispronunciation.
For example: re-cover versus recover
This activity will help you master the different ways of using a hyphen correctly in your spelling.