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Work with a Thesaurus

In this worksheet, students will learn what the term 'synonym' means and how a thesaurus can improve the range of vocabulary students use in written prose.

'Work with a Thesaurus' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Writing: Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Curriculum subtopic:   Grammar Awareness (learn the grammar of Y5 and 6)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

A thesaurus is a type of dictionary that can help us improve our vocabulary.

 

A thesaurus is very useful when we want to improve an adjective (describing word) that we have used in our writing.

 

A thesaurus contains synonyms and antonyms that can help us to increase the range of vocabulary we use.

 

Synonyms:

Synonyms are words that mean the same as the current adjective being used.

 

Example:

Synonyms of big  = gigantic, huge, massive, enormous.

 

Antonyms:

Antonyms are words which mean the opposite of the adjective currently in use.

 

Example:

Happy = sad, devastated, miserable, unhappy.

 

For this activity, it will help if you use a paper or online thesaurus.

 

A thesaurus is arranged like a dictionary, in alphabetical order.

Look at the adjective below and using a thesaurus, choose the most suitable synonym.

 

Genuine

 

 

Authentic

Fake

Untrue

General

Look at the adjective below and using a thesaurus, choose the most suitable synonym.

 

Ancient

 

Youthful

Short

False

Bygone

This time, use a thesaurus to identify the correct antonym for:

 

Love

This time, use a thesaurus to choose the correct antonym for:

 

Afraid

Let's find a synonym for the word 'flexible'

 

Look at the options and type the correct synonym into the box below:

Honour

Rigid

Supple

Sturdy

Robust

 

Let's find an antonym for the word 'marvellous'

 

Look at the options and type the correct antonym into the box below:

Fantastic

Mindblowing

Cold

Difficult

Terrible

Read the range of words carefully.

 

Can you match each adjective to the appropriate synonym?

 

Use a thesaurus to help you.

Column A

Column B

Fast
Dawdling
Sluggish
Bellow
Sob
Speedy
Shout
Weep

Read the range of words carefully.

 

Can you match each adjective to the appropriate antonym?

 

Use a thesaurus to help you.

Column A

Column B

Scorching
Minuscule
Easy
Freezing
Delicious
Disgusting
Gargantuan
Challenging

Carefully read the sentence below and then type into the box the adjective you could improve using a thesaurus.

 

Bob was extremely happy because the Maths test had been cancelled on Friday.

Carefully read the sentence below and then type into the box the adjective you could improve using a thesaurus.

 

Anthony felt incredibly hungry because he hadn't eaten for hours.

  • Question 1

Look at the adjective below and using a thesaurus, choose the most suitable synonym.

 

Genuine

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Authentic
EDDIE SAYS
That's the first question done, how did you find it? The synonym for 'genuine' is 'authentic'. The other options were not relevant.
  • Question 2

Look at the adjective below and using a thesaurus, choose the most suitable synonym.

 

Ancient

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Bygone
EDDIE SAYS
The synonym for 'ancient' is 'bygone'. Remember that if you need to you can always refer to a thesaurus.
  • Question 3

This time, use a thesaurus to identify the correct antonym for:

 

Love

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Did you remember that an antonym is a word with the opposite meaning? The antonym for 'love' is 'hate'.
  • Question 4

This time, use a thesaurus to choose the correct antonym for:

 

Afraid

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Again, we were looking for a word with the opposite meaning. The antonym for 'afraid' is 'confident'.
  • Question 5

Let's find a synonym for the word 'flexible'

 

Look at the options and type the correct synonym into the box below:

Honour

Rigid

Supple

Sturdy

Robust

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Supple
EDDIE SAYS
Keep going, this activity is a great way to improve your vocabulary! There were a few words to consider here but the correct synonym for 'flexible' is 'supple'.
  • Question 6

Let's find an antonym for the word 'marvellous'

 

Look at the options and type the correct antonym into the box below:

Fantastic

Mindblowing

Cold

Difficult

Terrible

CORRECT ANSWER
Terrible
EDDIE SAYS
You really are building up your vocabulary with each question. There were a few words to consider here but the correct antonym for 'marvellous' is 'terrible'. Great focus.
  • Question 7

Read the range of words carefully.

 

Can you match each adjective to the appropriate synonym?

 

Use a thesaurus to help you.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Fast
Speedy
Sluggish
Dawdling
Sob
Weep
Shout
Bellow
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on finding the pairs of synonyms? The matching pairs are: Fast and speedy Sluggish and dawdling Sob and weep Shout and bellow.
  • Question 8

Read the range of words carefully.

 

Can you match each adjective to the appropriate antonym?

 

Use a thesaurus to help you.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Scorching
Freezing
Easy
Challenging
Delicious
Disgusting
Gargantuan
Minuscule
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on finding the pairs of antonyms? The matching pairs are: Scorching and freezing Easy and challenging Delicious and disgusting Gargantuan and minuscule.
  • Question 9

Carefully read the sentence below and then type into the box the adjective you could improve using a thesaurus.

 

Bob was extremely happy because the Maths test had been cancelled on Friday.

CORRECT ANSWER
happy
EDDIE SAYS
This sentence could be improved by using a thesaurus to better the adjective 'happy'.
  • Question 10

Carefully read the sentence below and then type into the box the adjective you could improve using a thesaurus.

 

Anthony felt incredibly hungry because he hadn't eaten for hours.

CORRECT ANSWER
hungry
EDDIE SAYS
This time, the sentence could be improved by using a thesaurus to better the adjective 'hungry'. Great work, you've completed another activity! How about attempting another one so that you feel super confident?
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