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Revise Poetic Techniques

In this worksheet, students will revise poetic techniques.

' Revise Poetic Techniques' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Curriculum topic:   Reading

Curriculum subtopic:   Poetic Convention Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

This worksheet will help you to prepare for poetry analysis and also help you to revise key poetic terms.

 

What techniques make a poem particularly powerful?

 

 

How does the structure or rhyme pattern of a poem help convey ideas the poet wishes to reinforce to the reader?

 

 

By the end of this worksheet, you will be able to answer these questions.

 

You will also be able to better analyse poetry in exams and, enrich your own style of writing. Win, win!

 

You should always refer to your own text when working through these examples. These quotations are for reference only.

What is the form of a poem?

The form of a poem refers to the poem's structure.

The number of lines it has.

Whether it rhymes or not.

Match the following poetic forms with their descriptions.

Column A

Column B

Ballad
A poem written in the first person that is usually...
Sonnet
A poem of 14 lines often about love
Dramatic monologue
A poem that tells a story and each stanza usually ...
Free verse
A poem that does not conform to any conventional f...

What is the structure of a poem?

The rhyme scheme.

The order in which a poem is put together and set out.

The number of lines it has.

What is enjambment?

Complex imagery.

A French poem.

Lines that don't have any punctuation at the end.

What do you call lines of poetry that have punctuation at the end?

Full-stopped

End-stopped

Finalised

What does the word stanza mean?

Stanza is another word for verse.

Stanzas are a kind of Italian poem.

Stanza refers to the ending of a poem.

What is the rhyme scheme of a poem?

How many lines rhyme.

The pattern of the rhyme within a poem.

The last two lines of a poem.

What do we use to explain what the rhyme scheme of a poem is?

Hint: look back at the previous question if you're struggling. 

Numbers

Letters

If a stanza has four lines and every alternate line rhymes then its rhyme scheme would be ABAB. 

Look at the opening stanza to the poem 'The Lady of Shalott' and choose the correct rhyme scheme below.

 

 

"On either side the river lie
Long fields of barley and of rye,
That clothe the wold and meet the sky;
And thro' the field the road runs by
To many-tower'd Camelot;
And up and down the people go,
Gazing where the lilies blow
Round an island there below,
The island of Shalott."

 

AABBBCCBB

ABABCCDDA

AAAABCCCB

What is it called when a poem has two lines next to each other that rhyme?

A rhyming double

A rhyming couplet

A rhyming pair

When you describe the imagery of a poem, what techniques might you comment on?

 

Select three answers from the list below.

Personification

Rhyme

Rhythm

Metaphors

Simile

Alliteration

What is alliteration?

The repetition of words.

The repetition of lines.

The repetition of sounds at the start of words.

What is sibilance?

Rhyming lines.

A poem full of enjambment.

The repetition of the 's' sound at the start of words.

What is assonance?

The repetition of the same sound at the start of words.

The repetition of the same vowel sound in the middle of words.

The repetition of the same sound at the end of words.

You may discuss a poet's choice of diction. What does diction mean?

The poet's word choice.

The poet's use of imagery.

The poet's use of rhyme.

  • Question 1

What is the form of a poem?

CORRECT ANSWER
The form of a poem refers to the poem's structure.
EDDIE SAYS
The form of a poem is the kind of structure it has. For example: a short, rhyming poem with 14 lines is in the form of a sonnet.
  • Question 2

Match the following poetic forms with their descriptions.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Ballad
A poem that tells a story and eac...
Sonnet
A poem of 14 lines often about lo...
Dramatic monologue
A poem written in the first perso...
Free verse
A poem that does not conform to a...
EDDIE SAYS
The correct pairs are as follows: Ballad = a poem that tells a story and each stanza usually has four lines. Sonnet = a poem of 14 lines often about love. Dramatic monologue = a poem written in the first person that is usually addressed to a fictional listener. Free verse = a poem that does not conform to any conventional form. This is great practise, keep it up!
  • Question 3

What is the structure of a poem?

CORRECT ANSWER
The order in which a poem is put together and set out.
EDDIE SAYS
The structure of a poem refers to the number of stanzas, the rhyme scheme or where there are line breaks (pauses).
  • Question 4

What is enjambment?

CORRECT ANSWER
Lines that don't have any punctuation at the end.
EDDIE SAYS
Enjambment refers to a line in a poem, that doesn't have any punctuation at the end. You've got this, let's push on...
  • Question 5

What do you call lines of poetry that have punctuation at the end?

CORRECT ANSWER
End-stopped
EDDIE SAYS
Lines of poetry with punctuation at the end are called end-stopped. Simple, right?
  • Question 6

What does the word stanza mean?

CORRECT ANSWER
Stanza is another word for verse.
EDDIE SAYS
Stanza is another word for verse. Did you get caught out?
  • Question 7

What is the rhyme scheme of a poem?

CORRECT ANSWER
The pattern of the rhyme within a poem.
EDDIE SAYS
The rhyme scheme refers to the pattern of rhymes within a poem. For example: if a poem has the rhyme scheme ABAB the first and third lines will rhyme and the second and fourth lines will rhyme.
  • Question 8

What do we use to explain what the rhyme scheme of a poem is?

Hint: look back at the previous question if you're struggling. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Letters
EDDIE SAYS
We use letters to express a poem's rhyme scheme. Such as, ABAB.
  • Question 9

If a stanza has four lines and every alternate line rhymes then its rhyme scheme would be ABAB. 

Look at the opening stanza to the poem 'The Lady of Shalott' and choose the correct rhyme scheme below.

 

 

"On either side the river lie
Long fields of barley and of rye,
That clothe the wold and meet the sky;
And thro' the field the road runs by
To many-tower'd Camelot;
And up and down the people go,
Gazing where the lilies blow
Round an island there below,
The island of Shalott."

 

CORRECT ANSWER
AAAABCCCB
EDDIE SAYS
The correct rhyme scheme is: AAAABCCCB. On either side the river lie = A Long fields of barley and of rye, = A That clothe the wold and meet the sky; = A And thro' the field the road runs by = A To many-tower'd Camelot; = B And up and down the people go, = C Gazing where the lilies blow = C Round an island there below, = C The island of Shalott. = B
  • Question 10

What is it called when a poem has two lines next to each other that rhyme?

CORRECT ANSWER
A rhyming couplet
EDDIE SAYS
When speaking about two lines next to each other that rhyme, we refer to them as a rhyming couplet.
  • Question 11

When you describe the imagery of a poem, what techniques might you comment on?

 

Select three answers from the list below.

CORRECT ANSWER
Personification
Metaphors
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
Imagery is built on the literary devices of personification, metaphor and simile. Once you perfect being able to identify these devices, not only will you be able to spot them in the literature you study, but you can incorporate them into your own writing.
  • Question 12

What is alliteration?

CORRECT ANSWER
The repetition of sounds at the start of words.
EDDIE SAYS
Alliteration is the repetition of sounds at the start of words. For example: Lily was brilliant, boisterous and bossy.
  • Question 13

What is sibilance?

CORRECT ANSWER
The repetition of the 's' sound at the start of words.
EDDIE SAYS
Sibilance is the repetition of the 's' sound at the start of words. For example: the slithery silver snake sat on Sophia's lap hissing.
  • Question 14

What is assonance?

CORRECT ANSWER
The repetition of the same vowel sound in the middle of words.
EDDIE SAYS
Assonance is the repetition of the same vowel sound in the middle of words. For example: there was a fleet of sleeping geese.
  • Question 15

You may discuss a poet's choice of diction. What does diction mean?

CORRECT ANSWER
The poet's word choice.
EDDIE SAYS
Diction refers to the choice of words and phrases in a poet's writing. For example: a poet may write in a formal style, and informal style or a colloquial style. Great work, you've completed another activity! How about attempting another one so you feel super confident?
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