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Identify and Explain Key Characters and their Development in Animal Farm

In this worksheet, students will revise the key characters in Animal Farm and identify what happens to them in the story.

'Identify and Explain Key Characters and their Development in Animal Farm' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA, Pearson Edexcel, OCR,

Curriculum topic:   Modern Texts: Prose, Post-1914 Play or Novel, Modern Prose or Drama

Curriculum subtopic:   Animal Farm

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Animal Farm: Identify Characters

What do you see in the picture below? 


A candle, right? Okay, so that was an easy question. Now, for a harder question. Could you explain what a candle might be used for?

A candle might be used for light.  It could also be used in celebrations. 

So, you’re probably wondering what a candle has to do with Animal Farm and you would be right to wonder. In the example above, you have explained your ideas and given reasons for your answers which is a key skill to achieve level 1 grade 1-3.

Now, we are going to look at some of the key characters in ‘Animal Farm’. You will work on being able to explain what happens to them in the novella and offer your opinions. 


Old Major


Old Major is one of the oldest animals on the farm. At the start of the story, Old Major meets all of the animals. He tells the animals how hard their lives are because of the way they are treated by humans. He also tells them about his dream where all of the animals were free and humans did not exist. He sings them a song called “Beasts of England” which sums up his dream.



When Old Major dies, we see the animals fight against the humans. The animals take over the farm and it is Old Major’s dreams which gives the animals hope. Old Major helps the animals to be equal and to have a better life.

Exam focus:  What does Old Major’s dream encourage the animals to do? Try to explain your answer. Hint: use the previous paragraph to help you if you’re unsure.



Snowball is another of the pigs on the farm. He is very clever and learns to read and create a plan to build the windmill. Snowball is interested in making a better life for all of the animals. He wants to make the windmill to take some of the work away from the animals. Snowball is the opposite of Napoleon as he is fair and believes in voting.  Snowball is forced out of the farm by Napoleon and his dogs.  After Snowball has left, Napoleon blames everything on Snowball – this makes the other animals hate Snowball too. 

Exam focus: How is Snowball different from Napoleon? Try to explain your answer. Hint: try to use the information above to help you if you’re unsure.



Napoleon becomes the leader in the story. He is bossy and a bit of a bully. He takes the puppies and trains them up to become angry dogs, he also forces Snowball out. As the story goes on, Napoleon becomes like Mr Jones at the start. He treats the animals badly and only really looks after himself, he doesn’t do what Old Major wanted. Instead, he is greedy.  We see this when he gets fatter and fatter as all of the animals are hungry. 


Napoleon is a bit like another leader. In Russia, in the 1920s, a man called Joseph Stalin was in charge. Stalin was supposed to be a Communist – that meant he believed that everyone should be equal. But, Stalin was also bossy and greedy, he made his people work harder than ever and also killed people in show trials. The writer might be showing us how evil they both are.

Exam focus: How are Napoleon and Stalin similar? Try to explain your answer. Hint: try to use the information above to help you if you’re unsure.



Squealer is another one of the pigs. He is also very clever and is friends with Napoleon. Squealer talks a lot and passes information between Napoleon and all of the animals. He pretends to be a friend to the animals but really he is an enemy. He uses complicated language to confuse the animals and makes them think that they are living a good life. Squealer also changes Old Major’s rules so that there is only one rule left: all animals are equal, except some are more equal than others. Squealer might be showing us that you have to be careful who you trust.




Boxer is one of the horses. He is very strong but not very clever. He believes in Old Major’s dream and he works very hard on the farm to try to support the revolution. Boxer does what he is told and never asks questions. His catchphrase is “Napoleon is always right” so he is seen as very loyal.  Even though Boxer is very loyal, he is not treated well by Napoleon. When he gets older, he thinks that he is going to retire. But instead of this, he is sold to the knacker’s yard and will probably be killed. Boxer is like lots of workers in Russia who were treated badly by Stalin. Think about why Boxer is treated so badly by Napoleon at the end of the story.


Mr Jones

Mr Jones is the farmer who is in charge of Manor Farm at the start of the story. He is a bad leader as he doesn’t look after the animals well by not feeding them. After Old Major’s speech, the animals attack Mr Jones and gain control of the farm. Mr Jones is a bit like the Russian leader, Tsar Nicholas. In 1917, the workers were fed up of being treated badly by the Tsar so they took over and killed him and his family. 

Exam focus: What were Mr Jones and the Tsar like as leaders?


Example answer:

You have now revised the key characters in 'Animal Farm'. Use the following sentence stems to explain characters:

- In the story, the character…

- This might show us…

- I think that the character is…


Example answer:

Q – How is Squealer presented in the story?

Squealer is a very clever character. He pretends to be a friend to the animals but he is really an enemy. He always reminds the animals of Mr Jones to try to make the animals believe that they are living a good life, even though they are hungry. Squealer might show us that we have to be careful about who we trust. 


Well done – you’ve read through all of the information about the story’s key characters. In your exam, try to explain what happens to the characters in the story and what you think this might show us about them.

Now, let's put what you've learnt to the test.

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