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Compare and Evaluate the Effectiveness and Presentation of Ideas in 'Ozymandias'

In this worksheet, students will practise their comparison and evaluation skills between 'Ozymandias' and other poems in the 'Power and Conflict' cluster. This activity is a mixed activity and therefore requires some manual marking near the end. The marking criteria will be clearly detailed for your ease.

'Compare and Evaluate the Effectiveness and Presentation of Ideas in 'Ozymandias'' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA, Eduqas

Curriculum topic:   Poetry, Poetry 1789 to the Present Day

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Ozymandias', 'Ozymandias'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Want to practice your comparative and evaluation skills between 'Ozymandias' and other poems in the 'Power and Conflict' cluster?

 

Thought bubble

 

Well, you've come to the right place because this activity will help you learn to compare and evaluate ideas/attitudes/themes at the same time. It requires multitasking but you can do it!

 

It'll take some good deduction skills, as well as an understanding of the themes and ideas you want to discuss. You need to think about how the poet presents ideas differently/similarly in both poems. 

 

1. Make your point!

 

 In 'Ozymandias', Shelley presents Ozymandias as possessive and arrogant. This is shown through the use of possessive pronoun "my" in the quote "My name is Ozymandias King of Kings, look on my works...". Ozymandias' arrogance is especially highlighted in this quote due to the repetition of the pronoun "my". 

 

 

2. Link to another poem!

 

Similarly, in 'My Last Duchess', the theme of possessiveness and arrogance is apparent in the Duke's personality. Browning presents the character of the Duke in a similar way that the character Ozymandias is presented. This is emphasised by the quote "Notice Neptune though, taming a sea-horse through a rarity". Browning uses the technique of metaphor to show the Duke's possessiveness, as it is implied that the Duke sees himself as Neptune, controlling his wife (the sea-horse).

 

 

3. Compare!

These poems are comparable in terms of the power both Ozymandias and the Duke believe they have. However, in both poems, their delusion is also highlighted. This is due to the fact that Ozymandias is shown to be a controlling and arrogant character, even beyond his death- and as a statue. The Duke, similarly, is still shown as a controlling man towards his wife, who is already dead. In both poems, control and arrogance are interlinked. Both speakers are deliberately presented as unlikable, cruel and dominating figures.

 

 

4. Evaluate

Both 'Ozymandias' and 'My Last Duchess' explore the theme of arrogance and self-absorption by presenting the main characters as delusional. Despite this, the Duke and Ozymandias differ. Where the Duke attempts to control his wife, Ozymandias attempts to control his legacy. Both fail, in a sense. Ozymandias' statue- the symbol of his legacy- ends up broken. The Duke was unable to control his wife when she was alive, and, his only resort is to kill her. He is left attempting to control his wife through the painting he has of her.

 

 

A tip: it'll help to jot down any new/helpful advice you get given in this activity!

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'Storm on the Island'.

 

Which feature would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the one correct number down. 

 

1. Semantic field of nature

2. The technique of irony

3. The technique of simile

4. Possessive pronouns

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'London'.

 

Which feature/theme would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the correct number.

 

1. Motif of love

2. Motif of corruption

3. Motif of sexuality

 

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'Tissue'

 

Which feature/theme would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the correct number.

 

1. Legacy 

2. Corruption

3. Love

4. Personification

 

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and Extract from 'The Prelude'.

 

Which features would make the most sense to compare the two poems with?

 

Write down the correct two numbers.

 

1. Present-continuous verbs

2. Alliteration

3. Theme of nature's power

4. Motif of sexuality

1

2

3

4

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' with 'My Last Duchess'.

 

Which idea would you use to compare these two poems?

 

The idea that both speakers are show some characteristics of arrogance, however are predominantly affectionate

The idea that Ozymandias is an arrogant man, but the Duke is a possessive man

The idea that both speakers are controlling, however rational in their thinking

The idea that both Ozymandias and the Duke are controlling and power-hungry men

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' to 'Exposure' and 'Storm on the Island'.

 

 

What themes, language/structural/form features and ideas does each poem have?

 

There are themes shared between the three poems.

 'Ozymandias''Exposure''Storm on the Island'
Plosive alliteration
Personification of nature
Sibilance
Theme of power

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' to 'Kamikaze'.

 

 

What themes, language/structural/form features and ideas does each poem have?

 

Some of these are shared between the two poems.

 Theme of timeSensory imagerySemantic field of colourTheme of familyMetaphors regarding passing off time
'Ozymandias'
'Kamikaze'

Pick three poems, out of the eight options below, that you think would be best to compare 'Ozymandias' with.

 

Consider the motifs of: power, possessiveness, corruption and nature.

Extract from, 'The Prelude'

'Remains'

'Bayonet Charge'

'Poppies'

'My Last Duchess'

'London'

How do 'Ozymandias' and 'London' present the idea of power?

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented similarly. Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

 

How do 'Ozymandias' and 'My Last Duchess' present the theme of power?

 

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented similarly (think about the devices both poems use). Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented differently. Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

  • Question 1

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'Storm on the Island'.

 

Which feature would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the one correct number down. 

 

1. Semantic field of nature

2. The technique of irony

3. The technique of simile

4. Possessive pronouns

CORRECT ANSWER
2
EDDIE SAYS
Both poems employ the technique of irony. Ozymandias believes he is a powerful man, however, it's ironic that his statue is a "colossal wreck, boundless and bare"- this diminishes his power. 'Storm on the Island' is an, overall, ironic poem and this is emphasised through the use of oxymoronic language. For example, the oxymoron "exploding comfortably" provides irony in the poem- despite chaos happening outside, the speaker remains quite unphased.
  • Question 2

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'London'.

 

Which feature/theme would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the correct number.

 

1. Motif of love

2. Motif of corruption

3. Motif of sexuality

 

CORRECT ANSWER
2
EDDIE SAYS
The motif of corruption is apparent in both poems- Ozymandias is a corrupt ruler. Similarly, in 'London' the upper-classes and the government, who fail to protect the lower-class people of London, are implicit in corruption. Think about how the motif of corruption differs in the two poems. In 'London', the impact of corruption seem to impact a completely different group of people- the lower-class citizens (chimney-sweeps, harlots, etc.). In 'Ozymandias', the effects of corruption impact Ozymandias himself (his statue) more than anyone else. There's definitely some hints that Ozymandias was a cruel, corrupt leader, but Shelley doesn't really focus on that. Instead, there's a real focus on how Ozymandias' own attitudes lead to the downfall of his legacy!
  • Question 3

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and 'Tissue'

 

Which feature/theme would make the most sense to compare the two poems with? Write the correct number.

 

1. Legacy 

2. Corruption

3. Love

4. Personification

 

CORRECT ANSWER
1
EDDIE SAYS
In both 'Ozymandias' and 'Tissue', the theme/idea of legacy is very important. Whilst Ozymandias wishes to continue his legacy of being a powerful and well-known ruler, the poem 'Tissue' explores the idea of preserving human legacy in paper documents. Similarly in both poems, legacy is preserved in physical and man-made objects. 'Tissue' mentions keeping legacy alive in paper, buildings, maps and religious books, whilst 'Ozymandias' keeps legacy alive through a statue.
  • Question 4

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' and Extract from 'The Prelude'.

 

Which features would make the most sense to compare the two poems with?

 

Write down the correct two numbers.

 

1. Present-continuous verbs

2. Alliteration

3. Theme of nature's power

4. Motif of sexuality

CORRECT ANSWER
2
3
EDDIE SAYS
Look closely at both poems. Although it may be easy to spot the shared theme of nature's power, it is quite difficult to spot the technique of alliteration. Have a go at highlighting the quotes that match in your anthology.
  • Question 5

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' with 'My Last Duchess'.

 

Which idea would you use to compare these two poems?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The idea that both Ozymandias and the Duke are controlling and power-hungry men
EDDIE SAYS
Both poems address the idea of control, power and arrogance, in different ways.
  • Question 6

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' to 'Exposure' and 'Storm on the Island'.

 

 

What themes, language/structural/form features and ideas does each poem have?

 

There are themes shared between the three poems.

CORRECT ANSWER
 'Ozymandias''Exposure''Storm on the Island'
Plosive alliteration
Personification of nature
Sibilance
Theme of power
EDDIE SAYS
This is a challenging question and it may have caught you out, but well done for having a go! Hopefully, this has got you to look at the shared themes and devices across the three poems! Jot down any inspirations you find! Have a think about how these ideas/devices convey certain themes/attitudes, too.
  • Question 7

Think about comparing 'Ozymandias' to 'Kamikaze'.

 

 

What themes, language/structural/form features and ideas does each poem have?

 

Some of these are shared between the two poems.

CORRECT ANSWER
 Theme of timeSensory imagerySemantic field of colourTheme of familyMetaphors regarding passing off time
'Ozymandias'
'Kamikaze'
EDDIE SAYS
Hopefully, this has got you to look at shared ideas and devices across the three poems. Jot down any inspirations you find!
  • Question 8

Pick three poems, out of the eight options below, that you think would be best to compare 'Ozymandias' with.

 

Consider the motifs of: power, possessiveness, corruption and nature.

CORRECT ANSWER
Extract from, 'The Prelude'
'My Last Duchess'
'London'
EDDIE SAYS
Out of all six, 'London', Extract from 'The Prelude' and 'My Last Duchess' relate the best to 'Ozymandias'. With 'London', the theme of corruption and power is dominant in both poems. Similarly, 'My Last Duchess' also tackles the theme of power and possessiveness. Extract from 'The Prelude' is a good poem to use when looking at the theme of nature and its power. Remember, linking a theme between the two poems is always a good idea. However, make sure you look at the language techniques used. Do they make the two poems more similar in comparison, or do they make them different?
  • Question 9

How do 'Ozymandias' and 'London' present the idea of power?

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented similarly. Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
With questions like these, try and think as logically as possible. How are the two themes presented and what devices do the writers use to get the themes across? So, thinking about the subject's attitudes, the speaker's attitudes and what's the narrative of the poem (easier done than you might think) is a great idea. Then, think about how these attitudes are presented. Is it through passionate adjectives, symbolism, metaphor or maybe short sentences? Lastly, you've detailed out all the important bits. Now structure your answer into a simple paragraph!
  • Question 10

How do 'Ozymandias' and 'My Last Duchess' present the theme of power?

 

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented similarly (think about the devices both poems use). Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

 

Write two sentences for how the theme is presented differently. Make sure to include your evidence (two marks).

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
With questions like these, try and think as logically as possible. How are the two themes presented and what devices do the writers use to get the themes across to the reader? So, thinking about the subject's attitudes, the speaker's attitudes and what's actually going on in the poem (easier done than you might think) is a great idea. Then, think about how these attitudes are presented. Is it through passionate adjectives, symbolism/metaphor or perhaps short sentences? Lastly, once you've detailed out all the important bits structure your answer in a simple paragraph. I.e Where Browning's poem presented the theme of (x) as (x), Shelley's poem presents the theme of (x). In Browning, this is done by (x) which presents the theme of (x) as (x). On the other hand, Shelley uses (x) to present the theme of (x) as (x). Great focus!
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