# Recognise When to Use an Area Formula

In this worksheet, students will recognise when it is possible to use formulae for the area of the given shapes.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Measurement

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Area/Volume Formulae

Popular topics:   Area worksheets

Difficulty level:

#### Worksheet Overview

Use the following formulae to work out the areas of these shapes:

Rectangle

We need to know:

- the base length

- the perpendicular height from the base to the top.

Area of rectangle = base x height

Parallelogram

We need to know:

- the base length

- the perpendicular height from the base to the top. (not the slant height)

Area of parallelogram = base x height

Triangle

We need to know:

- the base length

- the perpendicular height from the base to the apex. (not the slant height)

Area of triangle = ½ base × height

or

Area of triangle = base × height ÷ 2

Example 1

Can an area formula be used to work out the area of this parallelogram, and if so, which one?

This is a parallelogram.

We need to know:

- the base length

- the perpendicular height from the base to the top. (not the slant height)

We know the base length and the slant height, but not the perpendicular height.

So, no, we cannot use the area formula.

Example 2

Can an area formula be used to work out the area of this triangle, and if so, which one?

This is a triangle.

We need to know:

- the base length

- the perpendicular height from the base to the top. (not the slant height)

If we turn our heads to the left, the base length is 12 cm and the perpendicular height is 6 cm.

We do not need to know the slant height of 10 cm to use the formula.

Yes, we can use the area formula:

Area of triangle = ½ base × height

Shall we do it then - just for fun!!

½ x 12 x 6 = 36 cm2

Right, let's  try some questions now.

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