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Calculate the Hypotenuse of a Right-Angled Triangle

In this worksheet, students will calculate the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle.

'Calculate the Hypotenuse of a Right-Angled Triangle' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 3

Year:  Year 8 Maths worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Geometry and Measures

Curriculum subtopic:   Interpret Mathematical Relationships Algebraically/Geometrically

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we are going to use what we know about Pythagoras' Theorem to find the length of the hypotenuse in a right-angled triangle.


You will need a calculator for this activity!



If we add the areas of the two shorter sides together, they fit exactly into the square of the diagonal side.


right-angled triangles




The area of that square is 5 x 5 = 25 cm2

16 cm2 + 9 cm2 = 25 cm2


We call the diagonal side, opposite the right angle the hypotenuse. 

right-angled triangle


If we know the two shorter sides we can work out the area on the hypotenuse!

If we square root this, we get the length of the hypotenuse!


Let's try a question without drawing the squares!



Calculate the length of the missing side (hypotenuse, H) below.


right-angled triangle



Remember the missing hypotenuse can be found because:

The shorter sides squared and added together = hypotenuse squared


In short:

6+ 8= H2

36 + 64 = H2

100 = H2

H = the square root of 100

H = 10


This is the button on the calculator which works out the square root for you.


square root button on calculator


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